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Sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting in a sample of heterosexuals and sexual minorities : the mediation effect of sexual stigma

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Abstract
The present study aimed to: (a) investigate the relationship between attitudes toward same-sex parenting and sexism both in heterosexuals and sexual minorities; (b) verify whether sexism predicted negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting via the mediating role of sexual stigma (sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and internalized sexual stigma [ISS] in lesbians and gay men [LG]). An Italian sample of 477 participants (65.6% heterosexual people and 34.4% LG people) was used to verify three hypotheses: (a) heterosexual men showed higher levels of sexism than heterosexual women and LG people; (b) heterosexual men reported more negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting than those of heterosexual women and LG people; and (c) sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and ISS in LG people mediated the relationship between sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting. Overall, men and heterosexual people showed stronger sexist tendencies and more negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting. Moreover, sexism affected attitudes toward same-sex parenting via sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and ISS in LG people. These results suggest that negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting reflect sociocultural inequalities based on the traditional gender belief system and points to the necessity of social policies to reduce prejudice toward sexual minority groups.
Keywords
BENEVOLENT SEXISM, GAY MEN, DIFFERENTIATING HOSTILE, INTERNALIZED, HOMOPHOBIA, NEGATIVE ATTITUDES, COLLEGE-STUDENTS, HEALTH-STATUS, GENDER, ORIENTATION, BELIEFS, Sexism, Same-sex parenting, Internalized sexual stigma, Sexual, prejudice, Minority stress

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MLA
Pistella, Jessica, et al. “Sexism and Attitudes toward Same-Sex Parenting in a Sample of Heterosexuals and Sexual Minorities : The Mediation Effect of Sexual Stigma.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, vol. 15, no. 2, 2018, pp. 139–50, doi:10.1007/s13178-017-0284-y.
APA
Pistella, J., Tanzilli, A., Ioverno, S., Lingiardi, V., & Baiocco, R. (2018). Sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting in a sample of heterosexuals and sexual minorities : the mediation effect of sexual stigma. SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, 15(2), 139–150. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-017-0284-y
Chicago author-date
Pistella, Jessica, Annalisa Tanzilli, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi, and Roberto Baiocco. 2018. “Sexism and Attitudes toward Same-Sex Parenting in a Sample of Heterosexuals and Sexual Minorities : The Mediation Effect of Sexual Stigma.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY 15 (2): 139–50. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-017-0284-y.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Pistella, Jessica, Annalisa Tanzilli, Salvatore Ioverno, Vittorio Lingiardi, and Roberto Baiocco. 2018. “Sexism and Attitudes toward Same-Sex Parenting in a Sample of Heterosexuals and Sexual Minorities : The Mediation Effect of Sexual Stigma.” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY 15 (2): 139–150. doi:10.1007/s13178-017-0284-y.
Vancouver
1.
Pistella J, Tanzilli A, Ioverno S, Lingiardi V, Baiocco R. Sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting in a sample of heterosexuals and sexual minorities : the mediation effect of sexual stigma. SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY. 2018;15(2):139–50.
IEEE
[1]
J. Pistella, A. Tanzilli, S. Ioverno, V. Lingiardi, and R. Baiocco, “Sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting in a sample of heterosexuals and sexual minorities : the mediation effect of sexual stigma,” SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 139–150, 2018.
@article{8679478,
  abstract     = {The present study aimed to: (a) investigate the relationship between attitudes toward same-sex parenting and sexism both in heterosexuals and sexual minorities; (b) verify whether sexism predicted negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting via the mediating role of sexual stigma (sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and internalized sexual stigma [ISS] in lesbians and gay men [LG]). An Italian sample of 477 participants (65.6% heterosexual people and 34.4% LG people) was used to verify three hypotheses: (a) heterosexual men showed higher levels of sexism than heterosexual women and LG people; (b) heterosexual men reported more negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting than those of heterosexual women and LG people; and (c) sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and ISS in LG people mediated the relationship between sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting. Overall, men and heterosexual people showed stronger sexist tendencies and more negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting. Moreover, sexism affected attitudes toward same-sex parenting via sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and ISS in LG people. These results suggest that negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting reflect sociocultural inequalities based on the traditional gender belief system and points to the necessity of social policies to reduce prejudice toward sexual minority groups.},
  author       = {Pistella, Jessica and Tanzilli, Annalisa and Ioverno, Salvatore and Lingiardi, Vittorio and Baiocco, Roberto},
  issn         = {1868-9884},
  journal      = {SEXUALITY RESEARCH AND SOCIAL POLICY},
  keywords     = {BENEVOLENT SEXISM,GAY MEN,DIFFERENTIATING HOSTILE,INTERNALIZED,HOMOPHOBIA,NEGATIVE ATTITUDES,COLLEGE-STUDENTS,HEALTH-STATUS,GENDER,ORIENTATION,BELIEFS,Sexism,Same-sex parenting,Internalized sexual stigma,Sexual,prejudice,Minority stress},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {139--150},
  title        = {Sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting in a sample of heterosexuals and sexual minorities : the mediation effect of sexual stigma},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13178-017-0284-y},
  volume       = {15},
  year         = {2018},
}

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