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Attitudes towards same-sex parenting in Italy : the influence of traditional gender ideology

(2019) CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY. 21(2). p.188-204
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Abstract
This study aimed to examine the role of gender ideology, religiosity and political conservatism on attitudes toward same-sex parenting in Italy at a time when same-sex parent families are undergoing attacks from ideological campaigns opposing non-traditional gender roles and families. We collected data from 4,187 heterosexual respondents about attitudes towards two-father and two-mother parenting, homonegativity, attitudes toward traditional masculinity and femininity, religious involvement and political conservatism. We conducted multiple group structural equation model analyses to test whether sex moderated any of the estimated associations among variables. Results showed that traditional beliefs about femininity were directly associated with negative attitudes towards two-mother and two-father parenting, while traditional beliefs about masculinity had a significant direct effect only on two-father parenting. Homonegativity partially mediated the association between religiosity, political conservatism and traditional beliefs about masculinity and femininity on negative attitudes toward both types of same-sex parenting. Gender differences were found for the indirect effects of political conservatism and religiosity on attitudes towards same-sex parenting. The theoretical contributions and implications of the findings are discussed.
Keywords
GAY MEN, STUDENTS ATTITUDES, LESBIANS, HOMOSEXUALITY, MASCULINITY, HOMOPHOBIA, MARRIAGE, RELIGION, CHILDREN, RIGHTS, LGBT, same-sex parenting, gender ideology, homophobia, religion, Italy

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MLA
Ioverno, Salvatore, et al. “Attitudes towards Same-Sex Parenting in Italy : The Influence of Traditional Gender Ideology.” CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY, vol. 21, no. 2, 2019, pp. 188–204, doi:10.1080/13691058.2018.1459846.
APA
Ioverno, S., Baiocco, R., Lingiardi, V., Verrastro, V., D’Amore, S., & Green, R.-J. (2019). Attitudes towards same-sex parenting in Italy : the influence of traditional gender ideology. CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY, 21(2), 188–204. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2018.1459846
Chicago author-date
Ioverno, Salvatore, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi, Valeria Verrastro, Salvatore D’Amore, and Robert-Jay Green. 2019. “Attitudes towards Same-Sex Parenting in Italy : The Influence of Traditional Gender Ideology.” CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY 21 (2): 188–204. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2018.1459846.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ioverno, Salvatore, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi, Valeria Verrastro, Salvatore D’Amore, and Robert-Jay Green. 2019. “Attitudes towards Same-Sex Parenting in Italy : The Influence of Traditional Gender Ideology.” CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY 21 (2): 188–204. doi:10.1080/13691058.2018.1459846.
Vancouver
1.
Ioverno S, Baiocco R, Lingiardi V, Verrastro V, D’Amore S, Green R-J. Attitudes towards same-sex parenting in Italy : the influence of traditional gender ideology. CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY. 2019;21(2):188–204.
IEEE
[1]
S. Ioverno, R. Baiocco, V. Lingiardi, V. Verrastro, S. D’Amore, and R.-J. Green, “Attitudes towards same-sex parenting in Italy : the influence of traditional gender ideology,” CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 188–204, 2019.
@article{8679475,
  abstract     = {{This study aimed to examine the role of gender ideology, religiosity and political conservatism on attitudes toward same-sex parenting in Italy at a time when same-sex parent families are undergoing attacks from ideological campaigns opposing non-traditional gender roles and families. We collected data from 4,187 heterosexual respondents about attitudes towards two-father and two-mother parenting, homonegativity, attitudes toward traditional masculinity and femininity, religious involvement and political conservatism. We conducted multiple group structural equation model analyses to test whether sex moderated any of the estimated associations among variables. Results showed that traditional beliefs about femininity were directly associated with negative attitudes towards two-mother and two-father parenting, while traditional beliefs about masculinity had a significant direct effect only on two-father parenting. Homonegativity partially mediated the association between religiosity, political conservatism and traditional beliefs about masculinity and femininity on negative attitudes toward both types of same-sex parenting. Gender differences were found for the indirect effects of political conservatism and religiosity on attitudes towards same-sex parenting. The theoretical contributions and implications of the findings are discussed.}},
  author       = {{Ioverno, Salvatore and Baiocco, Roberto and Lingiardi, Vittorio and Verrastro, Valeria and D'Amore, Salvatore and Green, Robert-Jay}},
  issn         = {{1369-1058}},
  journal      = {{CULTURE HEALTH & SEXUALITY}},
  keywords     = {{GAY MEN,STUDENTS ATTITUDES,LESBIANS,HOMOSEXUALITY,MASCULINITY,HOMOPHOBIA,MARRIAGE,RELIGION,CHILDREN,RIGHTS,LGBT,same-sex parenting,gender ideology,homophobia,religion,Italy}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{2}},
  pages        = {{188--204}},
  title        = {{Attitudes towards same-sex parenting in Italy : the influence of traditional gender ideology}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2018.1459846}},
  volume       = {{21}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

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