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Sexual prejudice in sport scale : a new measure

(2020) JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY. 67(4). p.489-512
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Abstract
This study describes the process of developing and validating the Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale (SPSS), which is a multidimensional instrument developed to assess attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (LG) in sports. The authors conducted two studies: first, to establish the factor structure of the SPSS on 297 heterosexual athletes; and, second, to test the reliability and validity of the resulting 19-item scale on a sample of 311 heterosexual and 160 LG athletes. Exploratory factor analysis of an initial item pool yielded three factors: open rejection, which assesses the blatant prejudice expressed toward LG people; denial of visibility, which evaluates attitude toward the coming out of LG people; and gendering performance, which corresponds to gender stereotypes about performance/skills of LG people. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to assess the stability of the SPSS. The authors documented internal consistency, test-retest stability, and convergent/divergent validity. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Keywords
EXPLORATORY FACTOR-ANALYSIS, GAY MEN, HETEROSEXUALS ATTITUDES, FIT, INDEXES, LESBIANS, HOMOPHOBIA, GENDER, PERCEPTIONS, EXPERIENCES, STIGMA, Sexual prejudice, sport, coming out, negative attitudes, lesbian and gay, athletes, homosexuality

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MLA
Baiocco, Roberto, et al. “Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale : A New Measure.” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, vol. 67, no. 4, 2020, pp. 489–512, doi:10.1080/00918369.2018.1547560.
APA
Baiocco, R., Pistella, J., Salvati, M., Ioverno, S., & Lucidi, F. (2020). Sexual prejudice in sport scale : a new measure. JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, 67(4), 489–512. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2018.1547560
Chicago author-date
Baiocco, Roberto, Jessica Pistella, Marco Salvati, Salvatore Ioverno, and Fabio Lucidi. 2020. “Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale : A New Measure.” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY 67 (4): 489–512. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2018.1547560.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baiocco, Roberto, Jessica Pistella, Marco Salvati, Salvatore Ioverno, and Fabio Lucidi. 2020. “Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale : A New Measure.” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY 67 (4): 489–512. doi:10.1080/00918369.2018.1547560.
Vancouver
1.
Baiocco R, Pistella J, Salvati M, Ioverno S, Lucidi F. Sexual prejudice in sport scale : a new measure. JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY. 2020;67(4):489–512.
IEEE
[1]
R. Baiocco, J. Pistella, M. Salvati, S. Ioverno, and F. Lucidi, “Sexual prejudice in sport scale : a new measure,” JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 489–512, 2020.
@article{8679470,
  abstract     = {This study describes the process of developing and validating the Sexual Prejudice in Sport Scale (SPSS), which is a multidimensional instrument developed to assess attitudes toward lesbians and gay men (LG) in sports. The authors conducted two studies: first, to establish the factor structure of the SPSS on 297 heterosexual athletes; and, second, to test the reliability and validity of the resulting 19-item scale on a sample of 311 heterosexual and 160 LG athletes. Exploratory factor analysis of an initial item pool yielded three factors: open rejection, which assesses the blatant prejudice expressed toward LG people; denial of visibility, which evaluates attitude toward the coming out of LG people; and gendering performance, which corresponds to gender stereotypes about performance/skills of LG people. A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to assess the stability of the SPSS. The authors documented internal consistency, test-retest stability, and convergent/divergent validity. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.},
  author       = {Baiocco, Roberto and Pistella, Jessica and Salvati, Marco and Ioverno, Salvatore and Lucidi, Fabio},
  issn         = {0091-8369},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY},
  keywords     = {EXPLORATORY FACTOR-ANALYSIS,GAY MEN,HETEROSEXUALS ATTITUDES,FIT,INDEXES,LESBIANS,HOMOPHOBIA,GENDER,PERCEPTIONS,EXPERIENCES,STIGMA,Sexual prejudice,sport,coming out,negative attitudes,lesbian and gay,athletes,homosexuality},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {489--512},
  title        = {Sexual prejudice in sport scale : a new measure},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2018.1547560},
  volume       = {67},
  year         = {2020},
}

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