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Towards a reference ontology for digital platforms

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Abstract
Digital platforms can be categorized into different types including ‘multi-sided platform’, ‘digital marketplace’, ‘crowdfunding platform’, ‘sharing economy platform’ and ‘on-demand platform’. As there is a lack of knowledge regarding the requirements and design of these digital platform types, we developed a method to design a digital platform reference ontology based on a taxonomy. The taxonomy provides an overview of digital platform properties, with the property values expressing the possible variations between digital platforms depending on their type. For each property value, we can create a digital platform reference ontology module using the five-step approach proposed by Ruy et al. [1] based on the patterns of the Unified Foundational Ontology (UFO). UFO is a high-level ontology that provides us with basic concepts for objects, events, social elements and their types, relations and properties. These digital platform reference ontology modules can be combined as building blocks to compose our reference ontology for expressing the functionality for digital platforms of all types. We believe this reference ontology can be a step towards a better understanding of digital platform functionality, better communication between stakeholders and eventually may facilitate future research and development of digital platforms.
Keywords
Digital platform, Multi-sided platform, UFO Ontology, Taxonomy, SHARING ECONOMY, MODEL

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MLA
Derave, Thomas, et al. “Towards a Reference Ontology for Digital Platforms.” 39th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER), edited by G Dobbie et al., vol. 12400, Springer, 2020, pp. 289–302, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-62522-1_21.
APA
Derave, T., Sales, T. P., Gailly, F., & Poels, G. (2020). Towards a reference ontology for digital platforms. In G. Dobbie, U. Frank, G. Kappel, S. Liddle, & H. Mayr (Eds.), 39th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER) (Vol. 12400, pp. 289–302). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62522-1_21
Chicago author-date
Derave, Thomas, Tiago Prince Sales, Frederik Gailly, and Geert Poels. 2020. “Towards a Reference Ontology for Digital Platforms.” In 39th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER), edited by G Dobbie, U Frank, G Kappel, SW Liddle, and HC Mayr, 12400:289–302. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62522-1_21.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Derave, Thomas, Tiago Prince Sales, Frederik Gailly, and Geert Poels. 2020. “Towards a Reference Ontology for Digital Platforms.” In 39th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER), ed by. G Dobbie, U Frank, G Kappel, SW Liddle, and HC Mayr, 12400:289–302. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-62522-1_21.
Vancouver
1.
Derave T, Sales TP, Gailly F, Poels G. Towards a reference ontology for digital platforms. In: Dobbie G, Frank U, Kappel G, Liddle S, Mayr H, editors. 39th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER). Cham, Switzerland: Springer; 2020. p. 289–302.
IEEE
[1]
T. Derave, T. P. Sales, F. Gailly, and G. Poels, “Towards a reference ontology for digital platforms,” in 39th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER), Vienna, Austria, 2020, vol. 12400, pp. 289–302.
@inproceedings{8679249,
  abstract     = {Digital platforms can be categorized into different types including ‘multi-sided platform’, ‘digital marketplace’, ‘crowdfunding platform’, ‘sharing economy platform’ and ‘on-demand platform’. As there is a lack of knowledge regarding the requirements and design of these digital platform types, we developed a method to design a digital platform reference ontology based on a taxonomy. The taxonomy provides an overview of digital platform properties, with the property values expressing the possible variations between digital platforms depending on their type. For each property value, we can create a digital platform reference ontology module using the five-step approach proposed by Ruy et al. [1] based on the patterns of the Unified Foundational Ontology (UFO). UFO is a high-level ontology that provides us with basic concepts for objects, events, social elements and their types, relations and properties. These digital platform reference ontology modules can be combined as building blocks to compose our reference ontology for expressing the functionality for digital platforms of all types. We believe this reference ontology can be a step towards a better understanding of digital platform functionality, better communication between stakeholders and eventually may facilitate future research and development of digital platforms.},
  author       = {Derave, Thomas and Sales, Tiago Prince and Gailly, Frederik and Poels, Geert},
  booktitle    = {39th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (ER)},
  editor       = {Dobbie, G and Frank, U and Kappel, G and Liddle, SW and Mayr, HC},
  isbn         = {9783030625214},
  issn         = {0302-9743},
  keywords     = {Digital platform,Multi-sided platform,UFO Ontology,Taxonomy,SHARING ECONOMY,MODEL},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Vienna, Austria},
  pages        = {289--302},
  publisher    = {Springer},
  title        = {Towards a reference ontology for digital platforms},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-62522-1_21},
  volume       = {12400},
  year         = {2020},
}

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