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Differentiating individuals convicted of sexual offenses : a two-country latent class analysis

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Abstract
Sexual offenses are often part of a larger criminal career also encompassing nonsexual crimes. However, most sexual offending typologies focus on an individual’s most recent sexual offense. We compare data from Belgian and Dutch national conviction cohorts and use latent class analysis to distinguish groups of individuals based on their history of sexual and nonsexual offenses, considering continuity and variety. The resulting classification is compared between individuals convicted of sexual offenses and individuals convicted of nonsexual offenses. Results show that four latent classes can be distinguished based on continuity and variety in criminal histories of individuals convicted of sexual offenses, and that some of these classes resemble those distinguished among individuals convicted of nonsexual offenses. We find limited overlap between these latent classes and typologies based solely on the index offense. Results show marked similarities across countries. These results challenge theories of sexual offending to incorporate patterns of nonsexual offending.
Keywords
sex offenders, latent class analysis, international comparison, conviction data, criminal career, offender typology, longitudinal, comparative, sexual offending, OFFENDING TRAJECTORIES, JUVENILE SEX, LIFE, PATTERNS, PERSISTENCE, CRIMINOLOGY, CONTINUITY, INITIATION, BEHAVIOR, NUMBER

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MLA
Spaan, Pascalle, et al. “Differentiating Individuals Convicted of Sexual Offenses : A Two-Country Latent Class Analysis.” SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, vol. 32, no. 4, 2020, pp. 423–51, doi:10.1177/1079063219893370.
APA
Spaan, P., Blokland, A., Rembert, D. B., Robert, L., Maes, E., Blom, M., & Wartna, B. (2020). Differentiating individuals convicted of sexual offenses : a two-country latent class analysis. SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, 32(4), 423–451. https://doi.org/10.1177/1079063219893370
Chicago author-date
Spaan, Pascalle, Arjan Blokland, De Blander Rembert, Luc Robert, Eric Maes, Martine Blom, and Bouke Wartna. 2020. “Differentiating Individuals Convicted of Sexual Offenses : A Two-Country Latent Class Analysis.” SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT 32 (4): 423–51. https://doi.org/10.1177/1079063219893370.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Spaan, Pascalle, Arjan Blokland, De Blander Rembert, Luc Robert, Eric Maes, Martine Blom, and Bouke Wartna. 2020. “Differentiating Individuals Convicted of Sexual Offenses : A Two-Country Latent Class Analysis.” SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT 32 (4): 423–451. doi:10.1177/1079063219893370.
Vancouver
1.
Spaan P, Blokland A, Rembert DB, Robert L, Maes E, Blom M, et al. Differentiating individuals convicted of sexual offenses : a two-country latent class analysis. SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT. 2020;32(4):423–51.
IEEE
[1]
P. Spaan et al., “Differentiating individuals convicted of sexual offenses : a two-country latent class analysis,” SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 423–451, 2020.
@article{8678866,
  abstract     = {Sexual offenses are often part of a larger criminal career also encompassing nonsexual crimes. However, most sexual offending typologies focus on an individual’s most recent sexual offense. We compare data from Belgian and Dutch national conviction cohorts and use latent class analysis to distinguish groups of individuals based on their history of sexual and nonsexual offenses, considering continuity and variety. The resulting classification is compared between individuals convicted of sexual offenses and individuals convicted of nonsexual offenses. Results show that four latent classes can be distinguished based on continuity and variety in criminal histories of individuals convicted of sexual offenses, and that some of these classes resemble those distinguished among individuals convicted of nonsexual offenses. We find limited overlap between these latent classes and typologies based solely on the index offense. Results show marked similarities across countries. These results challenge theories of sexual offending to incorporate patterns of nonsexual offending.},
  author       = {Spaan, Pascalle and Blokland, Arjan and Rembert, De Blander and Robert, Luc and Maes, Eric and Blom, Martine and Wartna, Bouke},
  issn         = {1079-0632},
  journal      = {SEXUAL ABUSE-A JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND TREATMENT},
  keywords     = {sex offenders,latent class analysis,international comparison,conviction data,criminal career,offender typology,longitudinal,comparative,sexual offending,OFFENDING TRAJECTORIES,JUVENILE SEX,LIFE,PATTERNS,PERSISTENCE,CRIMINOLOGY,CONTINUITY,INITIATION,BEHAVIOR,NUMBER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {423--451},
  title        = {Differentiating individuals convicted of sexual offenses : a two-country latent class analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1079063219893370},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2020},
}

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