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Transfer, fossilization and prosodic drift in Foreign Language Learning

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Abstract
This article aims to shed light on the processes governing the development of prosodic competence in Italian learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL). We have analysed the intonational contours of yes-no questions read by five groups of speakers (A, B, C, E, and P). Groups A, B, and C are learners of EFL at three different levels (beginner, intermediate, and advanced), who have never spent significant periods of time in English-speaking countries. Group E includes advanced learners who have English language experience in the UK. Group P includes Italian professors of EFL, who represent a sample of speakers with both acquisition experience and high proficiency in English. Our results highlight the total lack of improvement from Group A to C, allowing us to suggest the occurrence of prosodic transfer and drifts. On the contrary, speakers who have acquired the language in natural environments show improvements in their FL prosodic competence, but this is identified only in some of the prosodic cues analysed. The cues for which we did not observe improvements are thought to be more vulnerable to fossilization.
Keywords
prosodic transfer, yes-no questions, English as a Foreign Language

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MLA
Orrico, Riccardo, et al. “Transfer, Fossilization and Prosodic Drift in Foreign Language Learning.” PHONETICS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING, edited by Renata Savy and Iolanda Alfano, vol. 2, Officinaventuno, 2016, pp. 117–32, doi:10.17469/O2102AISV000007.
APA
Orrico, R., Cataldo, V., Savy, R., & Barone, L. (2016). Transfer, fossilization and prosodic drift in Foreign Language Learning. In R. Savy & I. Alfano (Eds.), PHONETICS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING (Vol. 2, pp. 117–132). Milano: Officinaventuno. https://doi.org/10.17469/O2102AISV000007
Chicago author-date
Orrico, Riccardo, Violetta Cataldo, Renata Savy, and Linda Barone. 2016. “Transfer, Fossilization and Prosodic Drift in Foreign Language Learning.” In PHONETICS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING, edited by Renata Savy and Iolanda Alfano, 2:117–32. Milano: Officinaventuno. https://doi.org/10.17469/O2102AISV000007.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Orrico, Riccardo, Violetta Cataldo, Renata Savy, and Linda Barone. 2016. “Transfer, Fossilization and Prosodic Drift in Foreign Language Learning.” In PHONETICS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING, ed by. Renata Savy and Iolanda Alfano, 2:117–132. Milano: Officinaventuno. doi:10.17469/O2102AISV000007.
Vancouver
1.
Orrico R, Cataldo V, Savy R, Barone L. Transfer, fossilization and prosodic drift in Foreign Language Learning. In: Savy R, Alfano I, editors. PHONETICS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING. Milano: Officinaventuno; 2016. p. 117–32.
IEEE
[1]
R. Orrico, V. Cataldo, R. Savy, and L. Barone, “Transfer, fossilization and prosodic drift in Foreign Language Learning,” in PHONETICS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING, vol. 2, R. Savy and I. Alfano, Eds. Milano: Officinaventuno, 2016, pp. 117–132.
@incollection{8677975,
  abstract     = {This article aims to shed light on the processes governing the development of prosodic competence in Italian learners of English as a Foreign Language (EFL). We have analysed the intonational contours of yes-no questions read by five groups of speakers (A, B, C, E, and P). Groups A, B, and C are learners of EFL at three different levels (beginner, intermediate, and advanced), who have never spent significant periods of time in
English-speaking countries. Group E includes advanced learners who have English language experience in the UK. Group P includes Italian professors of EFL, who represent a sample of speakers with both acquisition experience and high proficiency in English. Our results highlight the total lack of improvement from Group A to C, allowing us to suggest the occurrence of prosodic transfer and drifts. On the contrary, speakers who have acquired the language in natural environments show improvements in their FL prosodic competence, but this is identified only in some of the prosodic cues analysed. The cues for which we did not observe improvements are thought to be more vulnerable to fossilization.},
  author       = {Orrico, Riccardo and Cataldo, Violetta and Savy, Renata and Barone, Linda},
  booktitle    = {PHONETICS AND LANGUAGE LEARNING},
  editor       = {Savy, Renata and Alfano, Iolanda},
  isbn         = {978-88-97657-16-3},
  keywords     = {prosodic transfer,yes-no questions,English as a Foreign Language},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Salerno},
  pages        = {117--132},
  publisher    = {Officinaventuno},
  series       = {Studi AISV},
  title        = {Transfer, fossilization and prosodic drift in Foreign Language Learning},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.17469/O2102AISV000007},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2016},
}

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