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Associations between length of stay in long term care facilities and end of life care : analysis of the PACE cross-sectional study

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Abstract
Long term care facilities (LTCFs) are increasingly a place of care at end of life in Europe. Longer residence in an LTCF prior to death has been associated with higher indicators of end of life care; however, the relationship has not been fully explored. The purpose of this analysis is to explore associations between length of stay and end of life care. The analysis used data collected in the Palliative Care for Older People in care and nursing homes in Europe (PACE) study, a cross-sectional mortality follow-back survey of LTCF residents who died within a retrospective 3-month period, conducted in Belgium, England, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland. Primary outcomes were quality of care in the last month of life, comfort in the last week of life, contact with health services in the last month of life, presence of advance directives and consensus in care. Longer lengths of stay were associated with higher scores of quality of care in the last month of life and comfort in the last week of life. Longer stay residents were more likely to have advance directives in place and have a lasting power of attorney for personal welfare. Further research is needed to explore the underlying reasons for this trend, and how good quality end of life care can be provided to all LTCF residents.
Keywords
long-term care facility, care home, nursing home, length of stay, palliative care, end of life care, epidemiology, NURSING-HOME RESIDENTS, PALLIATIVE CARE, OLDER PERSONS, INTERVENTION, DEMENTIA, PEOPLE, PLACE, DEATH, IMPLEMENTATION, PROGRAM

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MLA
Collingridge Moore, D., et al. “Associations between Length of Stay in Long Term Care Facilities and End of Life Care : Analysis of the PACE Cross-Sectional Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 17, no. 8, 2020, doi:10.3390/ijerph17082742.
APA
Collingridge Moore, D., Payne, S., Keegan, T., Deliens, L., Smets, T., Gambassi, G., … Van den Block, L. (2020). Associations between length of stay in long term care facilities and end of life care : analysis of the PACE cross-sectional study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, 17(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082742
Chicago author-date
Collingridge Moore, D, S Payne, T Keegan, Luc Deliens, Tinne Smets, G Gambassi, M Kylänen, V Kijowska, B Onwuteaka-Philipsen, and Lieve Van den Block. 2020. “Associations between Length of Stay in Long Term Care Facilities and End of Life Care : Analysis of the PACE Cross-Sectional Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 17 (8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082742.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Collingridge Moore, D, S Payne, T Keegan, Luc Deliens, Tinne Smets, G Gambassi, M Kylänen, V Kijowska, B Onwuteaka-Philipsen, and Lieve Van den Block. 2020. “Associations between Length of Stay in Long Term Care Facilities and End of Life Care : Analysis of the PACE Cross-Sectional Study.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH 17 (8). doi:10.3390/ijerph17082742.
Vancouver
1.
Collingridge Moore D, Payne S, Keegan T, Deliens L, Smets T, Gambassi G, et al. Associations between length of stay in long term care facilities and end of life care : analysis of the PACE cross-sectional study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. 2020;17(8).
IEEE
[1]
D. Collingridge Moore et al., “Associations between length of stay in long term care facilities and end of life care : analysis of the PACE cross-sectional study,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH, vol. 17, no. 8, 2020.
@article{8675810,
  abstract     = {Long term care facilities (LTCFs) are increasingly a place of care at end of life in Europe. Longer residence in an LTCF prior to death has been associated with higher indicators of end of life care; however, the relationship has not been fully explored. The purpose of this analysis is to explore associations between length of stay and end of life care. The analysis used data collected in the Palliative Care for Older People in care and nursing homes in Europe (PACE) study, a cross-sectional mortality follow-back survey of LTCF residents who died within a retrospective 3-month period, conducted in Belgium, England, Finland, Italy, the Netherlands and Poland. Primary outcomes were quality of care in the last month of life, comfort in the last week of life, contact with health services in the last month of life, presence of advance directives and consensus in care. Longer lengths of stay were associated with higher scores of quality of care in the last month of life and comfort in the last week of life. Longer stay residents were more likely to have advance directives in place and have a lasting power of attorney for personal welfare. Further research is needed to explore the underlying reasons for this trend, and how good quality end of life care can be provided to all LTCF residents.},
  articleno    = {2742},
  author       = {Collingridge Moore, D and Payne, S and Keegan, T and Deliens, Luc and Smets, Tinne and Gambassi, G and Kylänen, M and Kijowska, V and Onwuteaka-Philipsen, B and Van den Block, Lieve},
  issn         = {1661-7827},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keywords     = {long-term care facility,care home,nursing home,length of stay,palliative care,end of life care,epidemiology,NURSING-HOME RESIDENTS,PALLIATIVE CARE,OLDER PERSONS,INTERVENTION,DEMENTIA,PEOPLE,PLACE,DEATH,IMPLEMENTATION,PROGRAM},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {14},
  title        = {Associations between length of stay in long term care facilities and end of life care : analysis of the PACE cross-sectional study},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082742},
  volume       = {17},
  year         = {2020},
}

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