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Incidental attitude formation via the surveillance task : a preregistered replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) study

(2021) PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. 32(1). p.120-131
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Abstract
Evaluative conditioning is one of the most widely studied procedures for establishing and changing attitudes. The surveillance task is a highly cited evaluative-conditioning paradigm and one that is claimed to generate attitudes without awareness. The potential for evaluative-conditioning effects to occur without awareness continues to fuel conceptual, theoretical, and applied developments. Yet few published studies have used this task, and most are characterized by small samples and small effect sizes. We conducted a high-powered (N = 1,478 adult participants), preregistered close replication of the original surveillance-task study (Olson & Fazio, 2001). We obtained evidence for a small evaluative-conditioning effect when "aware" participants were excluded using the original criterion-therefore replicating the original effect. However, no such effect emerged when three other awareness criteria were used. We suggest that there is a need for caution when using evidence from the surveillance-task effect to make theoretical and practical claims about "unaware" evaluative-conditioning effects.
Keywords
preregistered replication, evaluative conditioning, contingency awareness, recollective memory, attitude formation, open data, open materials, preregistered

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Citation

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MLA
Moran Yorovich, Tal, et al. “Incidental Attitude Formation via the Surveillance Task : A Preregistered Replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) Study.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, vol. 32, no. 1, 2021, pp. 120–31, doi:10.1177/0956797620968526.
APA
Moran Yorovich, T., Hughes, S. J., Hussey, I., Vadillo, M., Olson, M., Aust, F., … De Houwer, J. (2021). Incidental attitude formation via the surveillance task : a preregistered replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) study. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, 32(1), 120–131. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797620968526
Chicago author-date
Moran Yorovich, Tal, Sean Joseph Hughes, Ian Hussey, Miguel Vadillo, Michael Olson, Frederik Aust, Karoline Bading, et al. 2021. “Incidental Attitude Formation via the Surveillance Task : A Preregistered Replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) Study.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 32 (1): 120–31. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797620968526.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Moran Yorovich, Tal, Sean Joseph Hughes, Ian Hussey, Miguel Vadillo, Michael Olson, Frederik Aust, Karoline Bading, Robert Balas, Taylor Benedict, Olivier Corneille, Samantha Douglas, Melissa Ferguson, Katherine Fritzlen, Anne Gast, Bertram Gawronski, Tamara Giménez-Fernández, Krzysztof Hanusz, Tobias Heycke, Fabia Högden, Mandy Hütter, Benedek Kurdi, Adrien Mierop, Jasmin Richter, Justyna Sarzyńska-Wawer, Colin Tucker Smith, Christoph Stahl, Philine Thomasius, Christian Unkelbach, and Jan De Houwer. 2021. “Incidental Attitude Formation via the Surveillance Task : A Preregistered Replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) Study.” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE 32 (1): 120–131. doi:10.1177/0956797620968526.
Vancouver
1.
Moran Yorovich T, Hughes SJ, Hussey I, Vadillo M, Olson M, Aust F, et al. Incidental attitude formation via the surveillance task : a preregistered replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) study. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE. 2021;32(1):120–31.
IEEE
[1]
T. Moran Yorovich et al., “Incidental attitude formation via the surveillance task : a preregistered replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) study,” PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 120–131, 2021.
@article{8675387,
  abstract     = {{Evaluative conditioning is one of the most widely studied procedures for establishing and changing attitudes. The surveillance task is a highly cited evaluative-conditioning paradigm and one that is claimed to generate attitudes without awareness. The potential for evaluative-conditioning effects to occur without awareness continues to fuel conceptual, theoretical, and applied developments. Yet few published studies have used this task, and most are characterized by small samples and small effect sizes. We conducted a high-powered (N = 1,478 adult participants), preregistered close replication of the original surveillance-task study (Olson & Fazio, 2001). We obtained evidence for a small evaluative-conditioning effect when "aware" participants were excluded using the original criterion-therefore replicating the original effect. However, no such effect emerged when three other awareness criteria were used. We suggest that there is a need for caution when using evidence from the surveillance-task effect to make theoretical and practical claims about "unaware" evaluative-conditioning effects.}},
  author       = {{Moran Yorovich, Tal and Hughes, Sean Joseph and Hussey, Ian and Vadillo, Miguel and Olson, Michael and Aust, Frederik and Bading, Karoline and Balas, Robert and Benedict, Taylor and Corneille, Olivier and Douglas, Samantha and Ferguson, Melissa and Fritzlen, Katherine and Gast, Anne and Gawronski, Bertram and Giménez-Fernández, Tamara and Hanusz, Krzysztof and Heycke, Tobias and Högden, Fabia and Hütter, Mandy and Kurdi, Benedek and Mierop, Adrien and Richter, Jasmin and Sarzyńska-Wawer, Justyna and Tucker Smith, Colin and Stahl, Christoph and Thomasius, Philine and Unkelbach, Christian and De Houwer, Jan}},
  issn         = {{0956-7976}},
  journal      = {{PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{preregistered replication,evaluative conditioning,contingency awareness,recollective memory,attitude formation,open data,open materials,preregistered}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{120--131}},
  title        = {{Incidental attitude formation via the surveillance task : a preregistered replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797620968526}},
  volume       = {{32}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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