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Drier tropical forests are susceptible to functional changes in response to a long-term drought

(2020) ECOLOGY LETTERS. 22(5). p.855-865
Author
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Abstract
Climatic changes have profound effects on the distribution of biodiversity, but untangling the links between climatic change and ecosystem functioning is challenging, particularly in high diversity systems such as tropical forests. Tropical forests may also show different responses to a changing climate, with baseline climatic conditions potentially inducing differences in the strength and timing of responses to droughts. Trait-based approaches provide an opportunity to link functional composition, ecosystem function and environmental changes. We demonstrate the power of such approaches by presenting a novel analysis of long-term responses of different tropical forest to climatic changes along a rainfall gradient. We explore how key ecosystem's biogeochemical properties have shifted over time as a consequence of multi-decadal drying. Notably, we find that drier tropical forests have increased their deciduous species abundance and generally changed more functionally than forests growing in wetter conditions, suggesting an enhanced ability to adapt ecologically to a drying environment.
Keywords
Drying climate, ecosystem functioning, plant traits, tropical forests, West Africa, DECIDUOUS TREES, PLANT DIVERSITY, CLIMATE-CHANGE, RAIN-FORESTS, LEAF-AREA, TRAITS, DRY, EVERGREEN, PRODUCTIVITY, ECOSYSTEMS

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Citation

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MLA
Aguirre-Gutierrez, Jesus, et al. “Drier Tropical Forests Are Susceptible to Functional Changes in Response to a Long-Term Drought.” ECOLOGY LETTERS, vol. 22, no. 5, 2020, pp. 855–65, doi:10.1111/ele.13243.
APA
Aguirre-Gutierrez, J., Oliveras, I., Rifai, S., Fauset, S., Adu-Bredu, S., Affum-Baffoe, K., … Malhi, Y. (2020). Drier tropical forests are susceptible to functional changes in response to a long-term drought. ECOLOGY LETTERS, 22(5), 855–865. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13243
Chicago author-date
Aguirre-Gutierrez, Jesus, Imma Oliveras, Sami Rifai, Sophie Fauset, Stephen Adu-Bredu, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Timothy R Baker, et al. 2020. “Drier Tropical Forests Are Susceptible to Functional Changes in Response to a Long-Term Drought.” ECOLOGY LETTERS 22 (5): 855–65. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13243.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Aguirre-Gutierrez, Jesus, Imma Oliveras, Sami Rifai, Sophie Fauset, Stephen Adu-Bredu, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Timothy R Baker, Ted R Feldpausch, Agne Gvozdevaite, Wannes Hubau, Nathan J. B Kraft, Simon L. Lewis, Sam Moore, Ulo Niinemets, Theresa Peprah, Olivier L. Phillips, Kasia Zieminska, Brian Enquist, and Yadvinder Malhi. 2020. “Drier Tropical Forests Are Susceptible to Functional Changes in Response to a Long-Term Drought.” ECOLOGY LETTERS 22 (5): 855–865. doi:10.1111/ele.13243.
Vancouver
1.
Aguirre-Gutierrez J, Oliveras I, Rifai S, Fauset S, Adu-Bredu S, Affum-Baffoe K, et al. Drier tropical forests are susceptible to functional changes in response to a long-term drought. ECOLOGY LETTERS. 2020;22(5):855–65.
IEEE
[1]
J. Aguirre-Gutierrez et al., “Drier tropical forests are susceptible to functional changes in response to a long-term drought,” ECOLOGY LETTERS, vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 855–865, 2020.
@article{8675082,
  abstract     = {Climatic changes have profound effects on the distribution of biodiversity, but untangling the links between climatic change and ecosystem functioning is challenging, particularly in high diversity systems such as tropical forests. Tropical forests may also show different responses to a changing climate, with baseline climatic conditions potentially inducing differences in the strength and timing of responses to droughts. Trait-based approaches provide an opportunity to link functional composition, ecosystem function and environmental changes. We demonstrate the power of such approaches by presenting a novel analysis of long-term responses of different tropical forest to climatic changes along a rainfall gradient. We explore how key ecosystem's biogeochemical properties have shifted over time as a consequence of multi-decadal drying. Notably, we find that drier tropical forests have increased their deciduous species abundance and generally changed more functionally than forests growing in wetter conditions, suggesting an enhanced ability to adapt ecologically to a drying environment.},
  author       = {Aguirre-Gutierrez, Jesus and Oliveras, Imma and Rifai, Sami and Fauset, Sophie and Adu-Bredu, Stephen and Affum-Baffoe, Kofi and Baker, Timothy R and Feldpausch, Ted R and Gvozdevaite, Agne and Hubau, Wannes and Kraft, Nathan J. B and Lewis, Simon L. and Moore, Sam and Niinemets, Ulo and Peprah, Theresa and Phillips, Olivier L. and Zieminska, Kasia and Enquist, Brian and Malhi, Yadvinder},
  issn         = {1461-023X},
  journal      = {ECOLOGY LETTERS},
  keywords     = {Drying climate,ecosystem functioning,plant traits,tropical forests,West Africa,DECIDUOUS TREES,PLANT DIVERSITY,CLIMATE-CHANGE,RAIN-FORESTS,LEAF-AREA,TRAITS,DRY,EVERGREEN,PRODUCTIVITY,ECOSYSTEMS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {855--865},
  title        = {Drier tropical forests are susceptible to functional changes in response to a long-term drought},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.13243},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2020},
}

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