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Flexibility as a mediator between personality and well-being in older and younger adults : findings from questionnaire data and a behavioral task

Priska Steenhaut (UGent) , Gina Rossi, Ineke Demeyer (UGent) and Rudi De Raedt (UGent)
(2020) EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH. 46(5). p.446-468
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Abstract
Background Personality is a predictor of subjective well-being in older and younger adults, but less is known about the underlying mechanisms. One possible mechanism is psychological flexibility, which is the ability to keep an open mind-set in order to make flexible choices adapted to the situation at hand. Methods We recruited 60 younger and 60 older adults and measured personality and well-being by questionnaires. To assess psychological flexibility we used questionnaires and a behavioral task assessing flexibility in information acquisition when making choices. Results Based on indirect effect analysis of the questionnaire data, in line with former research, our data show that in both age groups, the relationship between personality and well-being runs through psychological flexibility. Conclusion This implies that training psychological flexibility may be a promising approach to increase well-being in both older and younger adults. This effect could not be demonstrated with our choice flexibility task, thus more research is needed to uncover why this could not be measured at the behavioral level.
Keywords
Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Ageing, General Psychology, Geriatrics and Gerontology, MINI-MENTAL-STATE, PSYCHOLOGICAL FLEXIBILITY, COMMITMENT THERAPY, AGE-DIFFERENCES, ACCEPTANCE, INFLEXIBILITY, MINDFULNESS, VALIDATION, DEPRESSION, EMOTION

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MLA
Steenhaut, Priska, et al. “Flexibility as a Mediator between Personality and Well-Being in Older and Younger Adults : Findings from Questionnaire Data and a Behavioral Task.” EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH, vol. 46, no. 5, 2020, pp. 446–68, doi:10.1080/0361073x.2020.1805935.
APA
Steenhaut, P., Rossi, G., Demeyer, I., & De Raedt, R. (2020). Flexibility as a mediator between personality and well-being in older and younger adults : findings from questionnaire data and a behavioral task. EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH, 46(5), 446–468. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073x.2020.1805935
Chicago author-date
Steenhaut, Priska, Gina Rossi, Ineke Demeyer, and Rudi De Raedt. 2020. “Flexibility as a Mediator between Personality and Well-Being in Older and Younger Adults : Findings from Questionnaire Data and a Behavioral Task.” EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH 46 (5): 446–68. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073x.2020.1805935.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Steenhaut, Priska, Gina Rossi, Ineke Demeyer, and Rudi De Raedt. 2020. “Flexibility as a Mediator between Personality and Well-Being in Older and Younger Adults : Findings from Questionnaire Data and a Behavioral Task.” EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH 46 (5): 446–468. doi:10.1080/0361073x.2020.1805935.
Vancouver
1.
Steenhaut P, Rossi G, Demeyer I, De Raedt R. Flexibility as a mediator between personality and well-being in older and younger adults : findings from questionnaire data and a behavioral task. EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH. 2020;46(5):446–68.
IEEE
[1]
P. Steenhaut, G. Rossi, I. Demeyer, and R. De Raedt, “Flexibility as a mediator between personality and well-being in older and younger adults : findings from questionnaire data and a behavioral task,” EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 446–468, 2020.
@article{8674032,
  abstract     = {Background Personality is a predictor of subjective well-being in older and younger adults, but less is known about the underlying mechanisms. One possible mechanism is psychological flexibility, which is the ability to keep an open mind-set in order to make flexible choices adapted to the situation at hand. Methods We recruited 60 younger and 60 older adults and measured personality and well-being by questionnaires. To assess psychological flexibility we used questionnaires and a behavioral task assessing flexibility in information acquisition when making choices. Results Based on indirect effect analysis of the questionnaire data, in line with former research, our data show that in both age groups, the relationship between personality and well-being runs through psychological flexibility. Conclusion This implies that training psychological flexibility may be a promising approach to increase well-being in both older and younger adults. This effect could not be demonstrated with our choice flexibility task, thus more research is needed to uncover why this could not be measured at the behavioral level.},
  author       = {Steenhaut, Priska and Rossi, Gina and Demeyer, Ineke and De Raedt, Rudi},
  issn         = {0361-073X},
  journal      = {EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous),Ageing,General Psychology,Geriatrics and Gerontology,MINI-MENTAL-STATE,PSYCHOLOGICAL FLEXIBILITY,COMMITMENT THERAPY,AGE-DIFFERENCES,ACCEPTANCE,INFLEXIBILITY,MINDFULNESS,VALIDATION,DEPRESSION,EMOTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {446--468},
  title        = {Flexibility as a mediator between personality and well-being in older and younger adults : findings from questionnaire data and a behavioral task},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0361073x.2020.1805935},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2020},
}

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