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About the interplay between internal and external spatial codes in the mind : implications for serial order

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Abstract
revious studies have shown that serial order in verbal working memory is spontaneously coded along the horizontal axis (i.e., the spatial positional association response codes (SPoARC) effect), with the initial items being associated with left and the last items being associated with right. These studies have led to the idea that when the cognitive system is confronted with a sequence of items processed verbally and semantically, it internally generates a spatial coordinate frame onto which memoranda can be bound to maintain their serial information. In this study, the interplay between internal and external spatial codes in the mind was investigated by testing the flexibility of the SPoARC effect. A verbal Sternberg probe detection task was used in which the displayed direction of the items during encoding (centrally, from left‐to‐right and from right‐to‐left) and the presentation rate (1‐ and 5‐s/item) were manipulated. SPoARC effects were found in all conditions but were reversed in the right‐to‐left presentation condition. Follow‐up analyses revealed no evidence of any spatial cost for the reversal; moreover, it was not influenced by the presentation rates. These findings suggest that space can be flexibly recruited for the spontaneous coding of serial order. The theoretical implications of these observations are discussed.
Keywords
SPoARC, Sternberg paradigm, working memory, positional tagging, SNARC, SHORT-TERM-MEMORY, REACTION-TIME ASYMMETRIES, VERBAL WORKING-MEMORY, INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES, MENTAL REPRESENTATION, SPACE, NUMBER, ATTENTION, MOTOR, INFORMATION

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MLA
Guida, Alessandro, et al. “About the Interplay between Internal and External Spatial Codes in the Mind : Implications for Serial Order.” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, vol. 1477, no. 1, 2020, pp. 20–33, doi:10.1111/nyas.14341.
APA
Guida, A., Abrahamse, E., & van Dijck, J.-P. (2020). About the interplay between internal and external spatial codes in the mind : implications for serial order. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, 1477(1), 20–33. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14341
Chicago author-date
Guida, Alessandro, Elger Abrahamse, and Jean-Philippe van Dijck. 2020. “About the Interplay between Internal and External Spatial Codes in the Mind : Implications for Serial Order.” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 1477 (1): 20–33. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14341.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Guida, Alessandro, Elger Abrahamse, and Jean-Philippe van Dijck. 2020. “About the Interplay between Internal and External Spatial Codes in the Mind : Implications for Serial Order.” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 1477 (1): 20–33. doi:10.1111/nyas.14341.
Vancouver
1.
Guida A, Abrahamse E, van Dijck J-P. About the interplay between internal and external spatial codes in the mind : implications for serial order. ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES. 2020;1477(1):20–33.
IEEE
[1]
A. Guida, E. Abrahamse, and J.-P. van Dijck, “About the interplay between internal and external spatial codes in the mind : implications for serial order,” ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, vol. 1477, no. 1, pp. 20–33, 2020.
@article{8672173,
  abstract     = {{revious studies have shown that serial order in verbal working memory is spontaneously coded along the horizontal axis (i.e., the spatial positional association response codes (SPoARC) effect), with the initial items being associated with left and the last items being associated with right. These studies have led to the idea that when the cognitive system is confronted with a sequence of items processed verbally and semantically, it internally generates a spatial coordinate frame onto which memoranda can be bound to maintain their serial information. In this study, the interplay between internal and external spatial codes in the mind was investigated by testing the flexibility of the SPoARC effect. A verbal Sternberg probe detection task was used in which the displayed direction of the items during encoding (centrally, from left‐to‐right and from right‐to‐left) and the presentation rate (1‐ and 5‐s/item) were manipulated. SPoARC effects were found in all conditions but were reversed in the right‐to‐left presentation condition. Follow‐up analyses revealed no evidence of any spatial cost for the reversal; moreover, it was not influenced by the presentation rates. These findings suggest that space can be flexibly recruited for the spontaneous coding of serial order. The theoretical implications of these observations are discussed.}},
  author       = {{Guida, Alessandro and Abrahamse, Elger and van Dijck, Jean-Philippe}},
  issn         = {{0077-8923}},
  journal      = {{ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES}},
  keywords     = {{SPoARC,Sternberg paradigm,working memory,positional tagging,SNARC,SHORT-TERM-MEMORY,REACTION-TIME ASYMMETRIES,VERBAL WORKING-MEMORY,INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES,MENTAL REPRESENTATION,SPACE,NUMBER,ATTENTION,MOTOR,INFORMATION}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{1}},
  pages        = {{20--33}},
  title        = {{About the interplay between internal and external spatial codes in the mind : implications for serial order}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14341}},
  volume       = {{1477}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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