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News diversity reconsidered : a systematic literature review unraveling the diversity in conceptualizations

Glen Joris (UGent) , Frederik De Grove (UGent) , Kristin Van Damme (UGent) and Lieven De Marez (UGent)
(2020) JOURNALISM STUDIES. 21(13). p.1893-1912
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Abstract
Concerns about selective exposure and disinformation in the digital news environment have brought the concept of news diversity to the forefront of academic debates. Despite its growing prominence in scholarly work, however, news diversity often remains hard to grasp. The current paper aims to re-assess what the concept of news diversity means in an evolving news ecology. To do so, we draw on three dominant conceptualizations of news and media diversity. We use their strengths to unravel the variety in conceptualizations of news diversity and to explain how diversity is built on different conceptual and normative assumptions towards news media and democracy. Based on these insights, we perform a systematic literature review in which we map the current communication science literature that address news diversity. Results show that 43 different news diversity dimensions have been used in literature, indicating a form of academic cherry-picking with both normative and conceptual implications. We propose a way forward by formulating recommendations for future diversity research. This includes a shift to a more theoretically grounded approach in conceptualizing news diversity, a call for interdisciplinary research, and giving the idea of normativity a more pronounced place in research on news diversity.
Keywords
Conceptualization, conceptual assumptions, media diversity, news diversity, normative assumptions, systematic literature review, MEDIA DIVERSITY, EXPOSURE DIVERSITY, FILTER BUBBLES, ONLINE, PLURALISM, DIFFERENTIATION, INDIVIDUALS, COMPETITION, TECHNOLOGY, COVERAGE

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MLA
Joris, Glen, et al. “News Diversity Reconsidered : A Systematic Literature Review Unraveling the Diversity in Conceptualizations.” JOURNALISM STUDIES, vol. 21, no. 13, 2020, pp. 1893–912, doi:10.1080/1461670X.2020.1797527.
APA
Joris, G., De Grove, F., Van Damme, K., & De Marez, L. (2020). News diversity reconsidered : a systematic literature review unraveling the diversity in conceptualizations. JOURNALISM STUDIES, 21(13), 1893–1912. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2020.1797527
Chicago author-date
Joris, Glen, Frederik De Grove, Kristin Van Damme, and Lieven De Marez. 2020. “News Diversity Reconsidered : A Systematic Literature Review Unraveling the Diversity in Conceptualizations.” JOURNALISM STUDIES 21 (13): 1893–1912. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2020.1797527.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Joris, Glen, Frederik De Grove, Kristin Van Damme, and Lieven De Marez. 2020. “News Diversity Reconsidered : A Systematic Literature Review Unraveling the Diversity in Conceptualizations.” JOURNALISM STUDIES 21 (13): 1893–1912. doi:10.1080/1461670X.2020.1797527.
Vancouver
1.
Joris G, De Grove F, Van Damme K, De Marez L. News diversity reconsidered : a systematic literature review unraveling the diversity in conceptualizations. JOURNALISM STUDIES. 2020;21(13):1893–912.
IEEE
[1]
G. Joris, F. De Grove, K. Van Damme, and L. De Marez, “News diversity reconsidered : a systematic literature review unraveling the diversity in conceptualizations,” JOURNALISM STUDIES, vol. 21, no. 13, pp. 1893–1912, 2020.
@article{8671849,
  abstract     = {Concerns about selective exposure and disinformation in the digital news environment have brought the concept of news diversity to the forefront of academic debates. Despite its growing prominence in scholarly work, however, news diversity often remains hard to grasp. The current paper aims to re-assess what the concept of news diversity means in an evolving news ecology. To do so, we draw on three dominant conceptualizations of news and media diversity. We use their strengths to unravel the variety in conceptualizations of news diversity and to explain how diversity is built on different conceptual and normative assumptions towards news media and democracy. Based on these insights, we perform a systematic literature review in which we map the current communication science literature that address news diversity. Results show that 43 different news diversity dimensions have been used in literature, indicating a form of academic cherry-picking with both normative and conceptual implications. We propose a way forward by formulating recommendations for future diversity research. This includes a shift to a more theoretically grounded approach in conceptualizing news diversity, a call for interdisciplinary research, and giving the idea of normativity a more pronounced place in research on news diversity.},
  author       = {Joris, Glen and De Grove, Frederik and Van Damme, Kristin and De Marez, Lieven},
  issn         = {1461-670X},
  journal      = {JOURNALISM STUDIES},
  keywords     = {Conceptualization,conceptual assumptions,media diversity,news diversity,normative assumptions,systematic literature review,MEDIA DIVERSITY,EXPOSURE DIVERSITY,FILTER BUBBLES,ONLINE,PLURALISM,DIFFERENTIATION,INDIVIDUALS,COMPETITION,TECHNOLOGY,COVERAGE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {13},
  pages        = {1893--1912},
  title        = {News diversity reconsidered : a systematic literature review unraveling the diversity in conceptualizations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2020.1797527},
  volume       = {21},
  year         = {2020},
}

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