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Barriers and facilitators to participate in the colorectal cancer screening programme in Flanders (Belgium) : a focus group study

Sarah Hoeck, Kaatje Van Roy (UGent) and Sara Willems (UGent)
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Abstract
Objective In Flanders (Belgium), a population-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme offers a faecal immunochemical test (FIT) biennially to Flemish citizens aged 50-74 years. A FIT uptake of only 51,5% in 2018 is significantly lower among men, lower income groups and among people with other than the Belgian nationality. The objective of this study was to identify attitudes, barriers and facilitators to participate in the Flemish CRC screening programme. Methods Qualitative study using focus group discussions (FGDs) with non-participants in the Flemish CRC screening programme. Four FGDs were held with non-migrant Flemish population groups, and four were held with Turkish migrants (41 participants). Results Feeling healthy, fear of cancer and embarrassment to talk about CRC screening emerged as common barriers in all FGDs. Having other priorities (non-migrant group) and a lack of understanding mainly due to a language barrier (Turkish migrants) differed between the two groups. Providing face-to-face information, information in group and GP recommendation were perceived as important facilitators to CRC screening in both groups. More publicity and making CRC screening more of a routine (non-migrant group) and offering translated information (Turkish migrants) were the suggested facilitators that differed between the groups. Conclusions Several common and some group-specific barriers and facilitators appeared to play a role in the decision to participate in the CRC screening programme. In order to improve informed decision making and participation in the CRC screening programme in Flanders, the options of more GP involvement, targeted information events, and adapted reminder letters are currently being explored.
Keywords
BOWEL-CANCER, BELIEFS, KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, GENDER, Barriers, facilitators, colorectal cancer screening, qualitative, research, faecal occult blood test, Flanders

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MLA
Hoeck, Sarah, et al. “Barriers and Facilitators to Participate in the Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme in Flanders (Belgium) : A Focus Group Study.” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA, 2021, doi:10.1080/17843286.2020.1783906.
APA
Hoeck, S., Van Roy, K., & Willems, S. (2021). Barriers and facilitators to participate in the colorectal cancer screening programme in Flanders (Belgium) : a focus group study. ACTA CLINICA BELGICA. https://doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2020.1783906
Chicago author-date
Hoeck, Sarah, Kaatje Van Roy, and Sara Willems. 2021. “Barriers and Facilitators to Participate in the Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme in Flanders (Belgium) : A Focus Group Study.” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA. https://doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2020.1783906.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hoeck, Sarah, Kaatje Van Roy, and Sara Willems. 2021. “Barriers and Facilitators to Participate in the Colorectal Cancer Screening Programme in Flanders (Belgium) : A Focus Group Study.” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA. doi:10.1080/17843286.2020.1783906.
Vancouver
1.
Hoeck S, Van Roy K, Willems S. Barriers and facilitators to participate in the colorectal cancer screening programme in Flanders (Belgium) : a focus group study. ACTA CLINICA BELGICA. 2021;
IEEE
[1]
S. Hoeck, K. Van Roy, and S. Willems, “Barriers and facilitators to participate in the colorectal cancer screening programme in Flanders (Belgium) : a focus group study,” ACTA CLINICA BELGICA, 2021.
@article{8670477,
  abstract     = {{Objective In Flanders (Belgium), a population-based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programme offers a faecal immunochemical test (FIT) biennially to Flemish citizens aged 50-74 years. A FIT uptake of only 51,5% in 2018 is significantly lower among men, lower income groups and among people with other than the Belgian nationality. The objective of this study was to identify attitudes, barriers and facilitators to participate in the Flemish CRC screening programme. Methods Qualitative study using focus group discussions (FGDs) with non-participants in the Flemish CRC screening programme. Four FGDs were held with non-migrant Flemish population groups, and four were held with Turkish migrants (41 participants). Results Feeling healthy, fear of cancer and embarrassment to talk about CRC screening emerged as common barriers in all FGDs. Having other priorities (non-migrant group) and a lack of understanding mainly due to a language barrier (Turkish migrants) differed between the two groups. Providing face-to-face information, information in group and GP recommendation were perceived as important facilitators to CRC screening in both groups. More publicity and making CRC screening more of a routine (non-migrant group) and offering translated information (Turkish migrants) were the suggested facilitators that differed between the groups. Conclusions Several common and some group-specific barriers and facilitators appeared to play a role in the decision to participate in the CRC screening programme. In order to improve informed decision making and participation in the CRC screening programme in Flanders, the options of more GP involvement, targeted information events, and adapted reminder letters are currently being explored.}},
  author       = {{Hoeck, Sarah and Van Roy, Kaatje and Willems, Sara}},
  issn         = {{1784-3286}},
  journal      = {{ACTA CLINICA BELGICA}},
  keywords     = {{BOWEL-CANCER,BELIEFS,KNOWLEDGE,ATTITUDES,GENDER,Barriers,facilitators,colorectal cancer screening,qualitative,research,faecal occult blood test,Flanders}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{8}},
  title        = {{Barriers and facilitators to participate in the colorectal cancer screening programme in Flanders (Belgium) : a focus group study}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17843286.2020.1783906}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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