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Cognitive Control Training as an augmentation strategy to CBT in the treatment of fear of failure in undergraduates

Nathan Van den Bergh (UGent) , Sarah Vermeersch (UGent) , Kristof Hoorelbeke (UGent) , Jasmien Vervaeke (UGent) , Rudi De Raedt (UGent) and Ernst Koster (UGent)
(2020) COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH. 44(6). p.1199-1212
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Abstract
Background: Previous research in the context of depression indicates that Cognitive Control Training (CCT) has the potential to reduce maladaptive emotion regulation, such as rumination. However, as a stand-alone intervention, CCT does not seem to increase adaptive emotion regulation. We examined whether CCT combined with a traditional fear of failure intervention program would improve emotion regulation and psychopathology symptoms. Methods: 102 students participating in a group-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) program targeting fear of failure were randomized to CCT or active placebo conditions, performing ten 15-min sessions of the adaptive Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task or an adaptive speed-of-response task, respectively. Primary outcome measures were Repetitive Negative Thinking (RNT) and symptoms related to depression, anxiety and stress. Secondary outcomes included adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies. Results: Task-specific cognitive transfer was observed in the CCT condition. In both conditions, RNT and symptoms were reduced. In contrast to our hypotheses, the CCT condition did not significantly differ from the active control condition in terms of treatment effects. Conclusions: The current study is among the first to investigate the added value of combining CCT with CBT in an anxious sample. CCT did not augment effects of a CBT-based fear of failure treatment.
Keywords
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive control, Cognitive Control Training, Anxiety, Executive functioning, Cognitive behavioural therapy, Repetitive negative thinking, Treatment augmentation, REPETITIVE NEGATIVE THINKING, ANXIETY STRESS SCALES, WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY, EMOTION REGULATION, PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES, DEPRESSION, RUMINATION, ATTENTION, INTERVENTION, ASSOCIATION

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Van den Bergh, Nathan, et al. “Cognitive Control Training as an Augmentation Strategy to CBT in the Treatment of Fear of Failure in Undergraduates.” COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH, vol. 44, no. 6, 2020, pp. 1199–212, doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10129-w.
APA
Van den Bergh, N., Vermeersch, S., Hoorelbeke, K., Vervaeke, J., De Raedt, R., & Koster, E. (2020). Cognitive Control Training as an augmentation strategy to CBT in the treatment of fear of failure in undergraduates. COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH, 44(6), 1199–1212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10129-w
Chicago author-date
Van den Bergh, Nathan, Sarah Vermeersch, Kristof Hoorelbeke, Jasmien Vervaeke, Rudi De Raedt, and Ernst Koster. 2020. “Cognitive Control Training as an Augmentation Strategy to CBT in the Treatment of Fear of Failure in Undergraduates.” COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH 44 (6): 1199–1212. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10129-w.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van den Bergh, Nathan, Sarah Vermeersch, Kristof Hoorelbeke, Jasmien Vervaeke, Rudi De Raedt, and Ernst Koster. 2020. “Cognitive Control Training as an Augmentation Strategy to CBT in the Treatment of Fear of Failure in Undergraduates.” COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH 44 (6): 1199–1212. doi:10.1007/s10608-020-10129-w.
Vancouver
1.
Van den Bergh N, Vermeersch S, Hoorelbeke K, Vervaeke J, De Raedt R, Koster E. Cognitive Control Training as an augmentation strategy to CBT in the treatment of fear of failure in undergraduates. COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH. 2020;44(6):1199–212.
IEEE
[1]
N. Van den Bergh, S. Vermeersch, K. Hoorelbeke, J. Vervaeke, R. De Raedt, and E. Koster, “Cognitive Control Training as an augmentation strategy to CBT in the treatment of fear of failure in undergraduates,” COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH, vol. 44, no. 6, pp. 1199–1212, 2020.
@article{8670418,
  abstract     = {Background: Previous research in the context of depression indicates that Cognitive Control Training (CCT) has the potential to reduce maladaptive emotion regulation, such as rumination. However, as a stand-alone intervention, CCT does not seem to increase adaptive emotion regulation. We examined whether CCT combined with a traditional fear of failure intervention program would improve emotion regulation and psychopathology symptoms.

Methods: 102 students participating in a group-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) program targeting fear of failure were randomized to CCT or active placebo conditions, performing ten 15-min sessions of the adaptive Paced Auditory Serial Addition Task or an adaptive speed-of-response task, respectively. Primary outcome measures were Repetitive Negative Thinking (RNT) and symptoms related to depression, anxiety and stress. Secondary outcomes included adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies.

Results: Task-specific cognitive transfer was observed in the CCT condition. In both conditions, RNT and symptoms were reduced. In contrast to our hypotheses, the CCT condition did not significantly differ from the active control condition in terms of treatment effects.

Conclusions: The current study is among the first to investigate the added value of combining CCT with CBT in an anxious sample. CCT did not augment effects of a CBT-based fear of failure treatment.},
  author       = {Van den Bergh, Nathan and Vermeersch, Sarah and Hoorelbeke, Kristof and Vervaeke, Jasmien and De Raedt, Rudi and Koster, Ernst},
  issn         = {0147-5916},
  journal      = {COGNITIVE THERAPY AND RESEARCH},
  keywords     = {Experimental and Cognitive Psychology,Clinical Psychology,Cognitive control,Cognitive Control Training,Anxiety,Executive functioning,Cognitive behavioural therapy,Repetitive negative thinking,Treatment augmentation,REPETITIVE NEGATIVE THINKING,ANXIETY STRESS SCALES,WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY,EMOTION REGULATION,PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES,DEPRESSION,RUMINATION,ATTENTION,INTERVENTION,ASSOCIATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1199--1212},
  title        = {Cognitive Control Training as an augmentation strategy to CBT in the treatment of fear of failure in undergraduates},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-020-10129-w},
  volume       = {44},
  year         = {2020},
}

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