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Predictive value of attentional bias for the recurrence of depression: A 4-year prospective study in remitted depressed individuals

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Abstract
Previous research showed that individuals who were remitted from a depressive disorder displayed heightened attention towards negative adjectives (e.g., worthless). We tested if this attentional bias (AB) is predictive of future recurrence of depressive episodes and/or having depressive symptoms at 2- and 4-year follow-up. We used a longitudinal approach within the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) and selected participants who were remitted from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) (n = 918). AB was measured with a verbal Exogenous Cueing Task; using 2 presentation times (500 and 1250 ms) and 3 stimulus types (negative, positive, neutral). Over 4 years, we prospectively assessed recurrence of depressive episodes and depressive symptomatology after participants completed the ECT. Diagnosis of depressive disorder was measured with clinical rating scales and self-report questionnaires. A heightened probability of recurrence was neither associated with (heightened) AB for negative nor with (lowered) AB for positive adjectives. Thus, the findings do not support the view that an AB toward negative stimuli or away from positive stimuli plays a critical role in the recurrence of depression.
Keywords
COGNITIVE VULNERABILITY, IMPAIRED DISENGAGEMENT, MEMORY BIASES, ANXIETY, NETHERLANDS, MOOD, DISORDERS, FACES, SAD, ASSOCIATION, Attentional bias, Depressive disorder, Remitted participants, Exogenous, cueing task, Predictive value

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MLA
Elgersma, Hermien J., et al. “Predictive Value of Attentional Bias for the Recurrence of Depression: A 4-Year Prospective Study in Remitted Depressed Individuals.” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, vol. 114, Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd, 2019, pp. 25–34, doi:10.1016/j.brat.2019.01.001.
APA
Elgersma, H. J., Koster, E., Vugteveen, J., Hoekzema, A., Penninx, B. W. J. H., Bockting, C. L. H., & de Jong, P. J. (2019). Predictive value of attentional bias for the recurrence of depression: A 4-year prospective study in remitted depressed individuals. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, 114, 25–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2019.01.001
Chicago author-date
Elgersma, Hermien J., Ernst Koster, Jorien Vugteveen, Albert Hoekzema, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx, Claudi L. H. Bockting, and Peter J. de Jong. 2019. “Predictive Value of Attentional Bias for the Recurrence of Depression: A 4-Year Prospective Study in Remitted Depressed Individuals.” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY 114: 25–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2019.01.001.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Elgersma, Hermien J., Ernst Koster, Jorien Vugteveen, Albert Hoekzema, Brenda W. J. H. Penninx, Claudi L. H. Bockting, and Peter J. de Jong. 2019. “Predictive Value of Attentional Bias for the Recurrence of Depression: A 4-Year Prospective Study in Remitted Depressed Individuals.” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY 114: 25–34. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2019.01.001.
Vancouver
1.
Elgersma HJ, Koster E, Vugteveen J, Hoekzema A, Penninx BWJH, Bockting CLH, et al. Predictive value of attentional bias for the recurrence of depression: A 4-year prospective study in remitted depressed individuals. BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY. 2019;114:25–34.
IEEE
[1]
H. J. Elgersma et al., “Predictive value of attentional bias for the recurrence of depression: A 4-year prospective study in remitted depressed individuals,” BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, vol. 114, pp. 25–34, 2019.
@article{8668854,
  abstract     = {Previous research showed that individuals who were remitted from a depressive disorder displayed heightened attention towards negative adjectives (e.g., worthless). We tested if this attentional bias (AB) is predictive of future recurrence of depressive episodes and/or having depressive symptoms at 2- and 4-year follow-up. We used a longitudinal approach within the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA) and selected participants who were remitted from Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) (n = 918). AB was measured with a verbal Exogenous Cueing Task; using 2 presentation times (500 and 1250 ms) and 3 stimulus types (negative, positive, neutral). Over 4 years, we prospectively assessed recurrence of depressive episodes and depressive symptomatology after participants completed the ECT. Diagnosis of depressive disorder was measured with clinical rating scales and self-report questionnaires. A heightened probability of recurrence was neither associated with (heightened) AB for negative nor with (lowered) AB for positive adjectives. Thus, the findings do not support the view that an AB toward negative stimuli or away from positive stimuli plays a critical role in the recurrence of depression.},
  author       = {Elgersma, Hermien J. and Koster, Ernst and Vugteveen, Jorien and Hoekzema, Albert and Penninx, Brenda W. J. H. and Bockting, Claudi L. H. and de Jong, Peter J.},
  issn         = {0005-7967},
  journal      = {BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY},
  keywords     = {COGNITIVE VULNERABILITY,IMPAIRED DISENGAGEMENT,MEMORY BIASES,ANXIETY,NETHERLANDS,MOOD,DISORDERS,FACES,SAD,ASSOCIATION,Attentional bias,Depressive disorder,Remitted participants,Exogenous,cueing task,Predictive value},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {25--34},
  publisher    = {Pergamon-elsevier Science Ltd},
  title        = {Predictive value of attentional bias for the recurrence of depression: A 4-year prospective study in remitted depressed individuals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2019.01.001},
  volume       = {114},
  year         = {2019},
}

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