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Reliability and discriminative validity of a screening tool for the assessment of neuromuscular control and movement control in patients with neck pain and healthy individuals

Robby De Pauw (UGent) , Eveline Van Looveren (UGent) , Dorine Lenoir (UGent) , Lieven Danneels (UGent) and Barbara Cagnie (UGent)
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Abstract
Background:To evaluate the reliability and discriminative validity of a proposed adapted tool for the assessment of movement control in patients with and without neck pain. Method:A cross-sectional study at a University hospital center involving 25 pain-free healthy controls and 25 patients suffering from neck pain. Participants were assessed by two raters for inter-rater reliability and 1 week afterwards by a same rater for intra-rater reliability. The assessment involved a test for the axioscapular (adapted scapular holding test; SHT) and craniocervical (adapted craniocervical flexion test; CCFT) region for which intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were computed to define the reliability. Discriminative validity to distinguish patients from controls was assessed by cross-validated computation of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, overall accuracy, and area under the curve. Results:The proposed tool was able to reliably assess sensorimotor impairment in participants at the craniocervical region (ICCintra= [0.52-0.82]; ICCinter= [0.60-0.85]), left axioscapular region (ICCintra= [0.43-0.77]; ICCinter= 0.71-0.90), and right axioscapular region (ICCintra= [0.47-0.79]; ICCinter= [0.42-0.77]). Furthermore, the tool yielded a sensitivity of 0.86, a specificity of 0.57, and accuracy of 0.71 (based on cross-validation). Conclusion:The proposed tool is able to reliably evaluate patients based on their sensorimotor performance in the craniocervical and axioscapular region.
Keywords
Rehabilitation, Neck pain, sensorimotor control, discriminative validity, reliability, CRANIOCERVICAL FLEXION TEST, CERVICAL FLEXOR MUSCLES, SCAPULAR DYSKINESIS, INTERRATER RELIABILITY, DISABILITY-INDEX, MOTOR CONTROL, DYSFUNCTION, PERFORMANCE, IMPAIRMENT, AGREEMENT

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MLA
De Pauw, Robby, et al. “Reliability and Discriminative Validity of a Screening Tool for the Assessment of Neuromuscular Control and Movement Control in Patients with Neck Pain and Healthy Individuals.” DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 2021, doi:10.1080/09638288.2020.1760948.
APA
De Pauw, R., Van Looveren, E., Lenoir, D., Danneels, L., & Cagnie, B. (2021). Reliability and discriminative validity of a screening tool for the assessment of neuromuscular control and movement control in patients with neck pain and healthy individuals. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2020.1760948
Chicago author-date
De Pauw, Robby, Eveline Van Looveren, Dorine Lenoir, Lieven Danneels, and Barbara Cagnie. 2021. “Reliability and Discriminative Validity of a Screening Tool for the Assessment of Neuromuscular Control and Movement Control in Patients with Neck Pain and Healthy Individuals.” DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2020.1760948.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Pauw, Robby, Eveline Van Looveren, Dorine Lenoir, Lieven Danneels, and Barbara Cagnie. 2021. “Reliability and Discriminative Validity of a Screening Tool for the Assessment of Neuromuscular Control and Movement Control in Patients with Neck Pain and Healthy Individuals.” DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION. doi:10.1080/09638288.2020.1760948.
Vancouver
1.
De Pauw R, Van Looveren E, Lenoir D, Danneels L, Cagnie B. Reliability and discriminative validity of a screening tool for the assessment of neuromuscular control and movement control in patients with neck pain and healthy individuals. DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION. 2021;
IEEE
[1]
R. De Pauw, E. Van Looveren, D. Lenoir, L. Danneels, and B. Cagnie, “Reliability and discriminative validity of a screening tool for the assessment of neuromuscular control and movement control in patients with neck pain and healthy individuals,” DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION, 2021.
@article{8667356,
  abstract     = {{Background:To evaluate the reliability and discriminative validity of a proposed adapted tool for the assessment of movement control in patients with and without neck pain. Method:A cross-sectional study at a University hospital center involving 25 pain-free healthy controls and 25 patients suffering from neck pain. Participants were assessed by two raters for inter-rater reliability and 1 week afterwards by a same rater for intra-rater reliability. The assessment involved a test for the axioscapular (adapted scapular holding test; SHT) and craniocervical (adapted craniocervical flexion test; CCFT) region for which intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were computed to define the reliability. Discriminative validity to distinguish patients from controls was assessed by cross-validated computation of sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios, overall accuracy, and area under the curve. Results:The proposed tool was able to reliably assess sensorimotor impairment in participants at the craniocervical region (ICCintra= [0.52-0.82]; ICCinter= [0.60-0.85]), left axioscapular region (ICCintra= [0.43-0.77]; ICCinter= 0.71-0.90), and right axioscapular region (ICCintra= [0.47-0.79]; ICCinter= [0.42-0.77]). Furthermore, the tool yielded a sensitivity of 0.86, a specificity of 0.57, and accuracy of 0.71 (based on cross-validation). Conclusion:The proposed tool is able to reliably evaluate patients based on their sensorimotor performance in the craniocervical and axioscapular region.}},
  author       = {{De Pauw, Robby and Van Looveren, Eveline and Lenoir, Dorine and Danneels, Lieven and Cagnie, Barbara}},
  issn         = {{0963-8288}},
  journal      = {{DISABILITY AND REHABILITATION}},
  keywords     = {{Rehabilitation,Neck pain,sensorimotor control,discriminative validity,reliability,CRANIOCERVICAL FLEXION TEST,CERVICAL FLEXOR MUSCLES,SCAPULAR DYSKINESIS,INTERRATER RELIABILITY,DISABILITY-INDEX,MOTOR CONTROL,DYSFUNCTION,PERFORMANCE,IMPAIRMENT,AGREEMENT}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{9}},
  title        = {{Reliability and discriminative validity of a screening tool for the assessment of neuromuscular control and movement control in patients with neck pain and healthy individuals}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2020.1760948}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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