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Voice, transitivity and tense/aspect : directionality of change in Indo-European (evidence from Greek and Vedic)

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Abstract
The aim of this article is to examine the directionality of change in Voice in relation to Tense/Aspect, foremost based on evidence from Greek as well as additional evidence from Early Vedic. Starting with the hypothesis that in (standard) Proto-Indo-European a number of innovations resulted in the introduction of some elements of the Perfect-Stative inflection into the Present (cf. Kulikov & Lavidas 2013), we study the directionality of change in Voice. We show that the original relationship between Tense/ Aspect and Voice determines the directionality of change in Voice in Greek. Basing our study on the analysis of Vedic active Perfects that are intransitive and belong with middle Presents, we claim that this initial relationship between Voice and Tense/ Aspect can be reconstructed on the basis of some tendencies and changes found in several Indo-European dialects, in particular in Greek forms. We also argue that the relationship between Tense/Aspect and Voice in the diachrony of Greek depends on the new features acquired by the voice morphology as well as on the development of the categories Tense and Aspect.

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MLA
Lavidas, Nikolaos, and Leonid Kulikov. “Voice, Transitivity and Tense/Aspect : Directionality of Change in Indo-European (Evidence from Greek and Vedic).” Reconstructing Syntax, edited by Johanna Barddal et al., vol. 11, Brill, 2020, pp. 289–313, doi:/10.1163/9789004392007_008.
APA
Lavidas, N., & Kulikov, L. (2020). Voice, transitivity and tense/aspect : directionality of change in Indo-European (evidence from Greek and Vedic). In J. Barddal, S. Gildea, & E. Luján (Eds.), Reconstructing syntax (Vol. 11, pp. 289–313). Brill. https://doi.org//10.1163/9789004392007_008
Chicago author-date
Lavidas, Nikolaos, and Leonid Kulikov. 2020. “Voice, Transitivity and Tense/Aspect : Directionality of Change in Indo-European (Evidence from Greek and Vedic).” In Reconstructing Syntax, edited by Johanna Barddal, Spike Gildea, and Eugenio Luján, 11:289–313. Brill. https://doi.org//10.1163/9789004392007_008.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lavidas, Nikolaos, and Leonid Kulikov. 2020. “Voice, Transitivity and Tense/Aspect : Directionality of Change in Indo-European (Evidence from Greek and Vedic).” In Reconstructing Syntax, ed by. Johanna Barddal, Spike Gildea, and Eugenio Luján, 11:289–313. Brill. doi:/10.1163/9789004392007_008.
Vancouver
1.
Lavidas N, Kulikov L. Voice, transitivity and tense/aspect : directionality of change in Indo-European (evidence from Greek and Vedic). In: Barddal J, Gildea S, Luján E, editors. Reconstructing syntax. Brill; 2020. p. 289–313.
IEEE
[1]
N. Lavidas and L. Kulikov, “Voice, transitivity and tense/aspect : directionality of change in Indo-European (evidence from Greek and Vedic),” in Reconstructing syntax, vol. 11, J. Barddal, S. Gildea, and E. Luján, Eds. Brill, 2020, pp. 289–313.
@incollection{8665680,
  abstract     = {The aim of this article is to examine the directionality of change in Voice in relation to
Tense/Aspect, foremost based on evidence from Greek as well as additional evidence
from Early Vedic. Starting with the hypothesis that in (standard) Proto-Indo-European
a number of innovations resulted in the introduction of some elements of the
Perfect-Stative inflection into the Present (cf. Kulikov & Lavidas 2013), we study the directionality
of change in Voice. We show that the original relationship between Tense/
Aspect and Voice determines the directionality of change in Voice in Greek. Basing
our study on the analysis of Vedic active Perfects that are intransitive and belong with
middle Presents, we claim that this initial relationship between Voice and Tense/
Aspect can be reconstructed on the basis of some tendencies and changes found in
several Indo-European dialects, in particular in Greek forms. We also argue that the
relationship between Tense/Aspect and Voice in the diachrony of Greek depends on
the new features acquired by the voice morphology as well as on the development of
the categories Tense and Aspect.},
  author       = {Lavidas, Nikolaos and Kulikov, Leonid},
  booktitle    = {Reconstructing syntax},
  editor       = {Barddal, Johanna and Gildea, Spike and Luján, Eugenio},
  isbn         = {9789004391994},
  issn         = {2211-4904},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {289--313},
  publisher    = {Brill},
  series       = {Brill's Studies in Historical Linguistics},
  title        = {Voice, transitivity and tense/aspect : directionality of change in Indo-European (evidence from Greek and Vedic)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org//10.1163/9789004392007_008},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2020},
}

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