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A Bluetooth-low-energy-based detection and warning system for vulnerable road users in the blind spot of vehicles

Nick De Raeve (UGent) , Matthias de Schepper (UGent) , Jo Verhaevert (UGent) , Patrick Van Torre (UGent) and Hendrik Rogier (UGent)
(2020) SENSORS. 20(9).
Author
Organization
Abstract
Blind spot road accidents are a frequently occurring problem. Every year, several deaths are caused by this phenomenon, even though a lot of money is invested in raising awareness and in the development of prevention systems. In this paper, a blind spot detection and warning system is proposed, relying on Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) measurements and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) wireless communication. The received RSSI samples are threshold-filtered, after which a weighted average is computed with a sliding window filter. The technique is validated by simulations and measurements. Finally, the strength of the proposed system is demonstrated with real-life measurements.
Keywords
blind spot detection and warning, BLE, bluetooth low energy

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Citation

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MLA
De Raeve, Nick, et al. “A Bluetooth-Low-Energy-Based Detection and Warning System for Vulnerable Road Users in the Blind Spot of Vehicles.” SENSORS, vol. 20, no. 9, 2020, doi:10.3390/s20092727.
APA
De Raeve, N., de Schepper, M., Verhaevert, J., Van Torre, P., & Rogier, H. (2020). A Bluetooth-low-energy-based detection and warning system for vulnerable road users in the blind spot of vehicles. SENSORS, 20(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092727
Chicago author-date
De Raeve, Nick, Matthias de Schepper, Jo Verhaevert, Patrick Van Torre, and Hendrik Rogier. 2020. “A Bluetooth-Low-Energy-Based Detection and Warning System for Vulnerable Road Users in the Blind Spot of Vehicles.” SENSORS 20 (9). https://doi.org/10.3390/s20092727.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Raeve, Nick, Matthias de Schepper, Jo Verhaevert, Patrick Van Torre, and Hendrik Rogier. 2020. “A Bluetooth-Low-Energy-Based Detection and Warning System for Vulnerable Road Users in the Blind Spot of Vehicles.” SENSORS 20 (9). doi:10.3390/s20092727.
Vancouver
1.
De Raeve N, de Schepper M, Verhaevert J, Van Torre P, Rogier H. A Bluetooth-low-energy-based detection and warning system for vulnerable road users in the blind spot of vehicles. SENSORS. 2020;20(9).
IEEE
[1]
N. De Raeve, M. de Schepper, J. Verhaevert, P. Van Torre, and H. Rogier, “A Bluetooth-low-energy-based detection and warning system for vulnerable road users in the blind spot of vehicles,” SENSORS, vol. 20, no. 9, 2020.
@article{8665493,
  abstract     = {Blind spot road accidents are a frequently occurring problem. Every year, several deaths are caused by this phenomenon, even though a lot of money is invested in raising awareness and in the development of prevention systems. In this paper, a blind spot detection and warning system is proposed, relying on Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) measurements and Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) wireless communication. The received RSSI samples are threshold-filtered, after which a weighted average is computed with a sliding window filter. The technique is validated by simulations and measurements. Finally, the strength of the proposed system is demonstrated with real-life measurements.},
  author       = {De Raeve, Nick and de Schepper, Matthias and Verhaevert, Jo and Van Torre, Patrick and Rogier, Hendrik},
  issn         = {1424-8220},
  journal      = {SENSORS},
  keywords     = {blind spot detection and warning,BLE,bluetooth low energy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {18},
  title        = {A Bluetooth-low-energy-based detection and warning system for vulnerable road users in the blind spot of vehicles},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s20092727},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2020},
}

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