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Motor imagery entails task-set inhibition

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Abstract
Motor imagery requires the covert execution of a movement without any overt motor output. Previous studies indicated that motor imagery results in the prolonged inhibition of motor commands. In the present study, we investigated whether motor imagery also leads to the inhibition of more abstract task representations. To do so, we investigated the effect of motor imagery onn- 2 repetition costs, which offer an index of the extent to which task representations are inhibited. Participants switched among three tasks and among two response modes: overt and covert responding (i.e., motor imagery).N- 2 repetition costs were present when the current trial required an overt response but absent when the current trial required a covert response. Furthermore,n- 2 repetition costs were more pronounced when trialn- 1 required a covert response rather than an overt response. This pattern of results suggests that motor imagery also leads to the inhibition of abstract task representations. We discuss our findings in view of current conceptualizations of motor imagery and argue that the inhibitory mechanism entailed by motor imagery targets more than motor commands alone. Finally, we also relate our findings to the mechanisms underlying the inhibition of task representations.
Keywords
Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Developmental and Educational Psychology, General Medicine, CUE-TARGET TRANSLATION, BACKWARD INHIBITION, RESPONSE SELECTION, REPETITION, EXECUTION, BRAIN, INTERFERENCE, INTEGRATION, ACTIVATION, SUBSTRATE

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MLA
Scheil, Juliane, et al. “Motor Imagery Entails Task-Set Inhibition.” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, vol. 84, no. 6, 2020, pp. 1729–38, doi:10.1007/s00426-019-01183-5.
APA
Scheil, J., Kleinsorge, T., & Liefooghe, B. (2020). Motor imagery entails task-set inhibition. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, 84(6), 1729–1738. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01183-5
Chicago author-date
Scheil, Juliane, Thomas Kleinsorge, and Baptist Liefooghe. 2020. “Motor Imagery Entails Task-Set Inhibition.” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG 84 (6): 1729–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01183-5.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Scheil, Juliane, Thomas Kleinsorge, and Baptist Liefooghe. 2020. “Motor Imagery Entails Task-Set Inhibition.” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG 84 (6): 1729–1738. doi:10.1007/s00426-019-01183-5.
Vancouver
1.
Scheil J, Kleinsorge T, Liefooghe B. Motor imagery entails task-set inhibition. PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG. 2020;84(6):1729–38.
IEEE
[1]
J. Scheil, T. Kleinsorge, and B. Liefooghe, “Motor imagery entails task-set inhibition,” PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG, vol. 84, no. 6, pp. 1729–1738, 2020.
@article{8665124,
  abstract     = {Motor imagery requires the covert execution of a movement without any overt motor output. Previous studies indicated that motor imagery results in the prolonged inhibition of motor commands. In the present study, we investigated whether motor imagery also leads to the inhibition of more abstract task representations. To do so, we investigated the effect of motor imagery onn- 2 repetition costs, which offer an index of the extent to which task representations are inhibited. Participants switched among three tasks and among two response modes: overt and covert responding (i.e., motor imagery).N- 2 repetition costs were present when the current trial required an overt response but absent when the current trial required a covert response. Furthermore,n- 2 repetition costs were more pronounced when trialn- 1 required a covert response rather than an overt response. This pattern of results suggests that motor imagery also leads to the inhibition of abstract task representations. We discuss our findings in view of current conceptualizations of motor imagery and argue that the inhibitory mechanism entailed by motor imagery targets more than motor commands alone. Finally, we also relate our findings to the mechanisms underlying the inhibition of task representations.},
  author       = {Scheil, Juliane and Kleinsorge, Thomas and Liefooghe, Baptist},
  issn         = {0340-0727},
  journal      = {PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH-PSYCHOLOGISCHE FORSCHUNG},
  keywords     = {Experimental and Cognitive Psychology,Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous),Developmental and Educational Psychology,General Medicine,CUE-TARGET TRANSLATION,BACKWARD INHIBITION,RESPONSE SELECTION,REPETITION,EXECUTION,BRAIN,INTERFERENCE,INTEGRATION,ACTIVATION,SUBSTRATE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1729--1738},
  title        = {Motor imagery entails task-set inhibition},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00426-019-01183-5},
  volume       = {84},
  year         = {2020},
}

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