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Determinants of non-profit commercialism : resource deficits, institutional pressures or organizational contingencies?

Ben Suykens (UGent) , Bert George (UGent) , Filip De Rynck (UGent) and Bram Verschuere (UGent)
(2021) PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW. 23(10). p.1456-1478
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Abstract
Resource competition is assumed to encourage commercial behaviour by publically funded non-profit organizations (NPOs). However, this widespread assumption falls short as empirical findings remain equivocal. In this study, we theorize that non-profit commercialism can indeed emerge from resource deficits but also from institutional pressures and organizational contingencies. Using logistic regression analyses on two-wave survey data of Flemish NPOs, we explain the presence, intensity and nature of non-profit commercialism. While resource dependency indeed explains the presence and extent of non-profit commercialism, we find that institutional pressures and organizational contingencies also have a role to play.
Keywords
Commercialism, nonprofit organization, non-profit management, SOCIAL-ENTREPRENEURSHIP, BUSINESS-LIKE, WELFARE MIX, 3RD SECTOR, REVENUE, DIVERSIFICATION, GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT, HYBRIDITY, INCOME

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MLA
Suykens, Ben, et al. “Determinants of Non-Profit Commercialism : Resource Deficits, Institutional Pressures or Organizational Contingencies?” PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 23, no. 10, 2021, pp. 1456–78, doi:10.1080/14719037.2020.1764083.
APA
Suykens, B., George, B., De Rynck, F., & Verschuere, B. (2021). Determinants of non-profit commercialism : resource deficits, institutional pressures or organizational contingencies? PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW, 23(10), 1456–1478. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2020.1764083
Chicago author-date
Suykens, Ben, Bert George, Filip De Rynck, and Bram Verschuere. 2021. “Determinants of Non-Profit Commercialism : Resource Deficits, Institutional Pressures or Organizational Contingencies?” PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW 23 (10): 1456–78. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2020.1764083.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Suykens, Ben, Bert George, Filip De Rynck, and Bram Verschuere. 2021. “Determinants of Non-Profit Commercialism : Resource Deficits, Institutional Pressures or Organizational Contingencies?” PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW 23 (10): 1456–1478. doi:10.1080/14719037.2020.1764083.
Vancouver
1.
Suykens B, George B, De Rynck F, Verschuere B. Determinants of non-profit commercialism : resource deficits, institutional pressures or organizational contingencies? PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW. 2021;23(10):1456–78.
IEEE
[1]
B. Suykens, B. George, F. De Rynck, and B. Verschuere, “Determinants of non-profit commercialism : resource deficits, institutional pressures or organizational contingencies?,” PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 23, no. 10, pp. 1456–1478, 2021.
@article{8663840,
  abstract     = {{Resource competition is assumed to encourage commercial behaviour by publically funded non-profit organizations (NPOs). However, this widespread assumption falls short as empirical findings remain equivocal. In this study, we theorize that non-profit commercialism can indeed emerge from resource deficits but also from institutional pressures and organizational contingencies. Using logistic regression analyses on two-wave survey data of Flemish NPOs, we explain the presence, intensity and nature of non-profit commercialism. While resource dependency indeed explains the presence and extent of non-profit commercialism, we find that institutional pressures and organizational contingencies also have a role to play.}},
  author       = {{Suykens, Ben and George, Bert and De Rynck, Filip and Verschuere, Bram}},
  issn         = {{1471-9037}},
  journal      = {{PUBLIC MANAGEMENT REVIEW}},
  keywords     = {{Commercialism,nonprofit organization,non-profit management,SOCIAL-ENTREPRENEURSHIP,BUSINESS-LIKE,WELFARE MIX,3RD SECTOR,REVENUE,DIVERSIFICATION,GOVERNANCE,MANAGEMENT,HYBRIDITY,INCOME}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{10}},
  pages        = {{1456--1478}},
  title        = {{Determinants of non-profit commercialism : resource deficits, institutional pressures or organizational contingencies?}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2020.1764083}},
  volume       = {{23}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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