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Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanism for leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation

Bastiaan Baccarne (UGent) , Tom Evens (UGent) and Lieven De Marez (UGent)
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Abstract
This article studies the emergence of government-initiated civic crowdfunding platforms. Such platforms can be considered as governmental responses for bottom-up peer-to-peer support mechanisms related to urban innovation, which also allows top-down governance and governmental support systems for civic entrepreneurship. To better understand the implications of these innovative ICT-enabled interaction interfaces for collective urban innovation, this study investigates participation inequalities from the perspective of campaign instigators, using in-depth interviews (N=28), and from the perspective of the citizen-funder, using a survey (N=265). The analysis shows that urban crowdfunding practices mainly contribute to higher-level development of collective identities with increased neighborhood capacities. Although participation in such ICT-enabled interaction interfaces could reinforce digital inequalities and existing power balances, this research shows a more nuanced perspective, in which online and offline practices intertwine. Furthermore, while civic crowdfunding campaigns are driven by a traditional ‘participation elite’, the deliberation process on development projects involves new publics that are not typically engaged in civic activities. Hence, civic crowdfunding formulates a new mode of civic engagement in which institutional involvement acts as a trust broker between civic funders and civic entrepreneurs, as well as adding legitimacy to innovation processes in the public sphere.
Keywords
Civic crowdfunding, Urban innovation, Civic entrepreneurship, Participation inequalities, Civic engagement, Digital citizenship, Peer-to-peer economy, Social cohesion, Civic identity, SOCIAL MEDIA, YOUNG-ADULTS, PARTICIPATION

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MLA
Baccarne, Bastiaan, et al. “Understanding Civic Crowdfunding as a Mechanism for Leveraging Civic Engagement and Urban Innovation.” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 10, no. 5, 2020, pp. 51–66, doi:10.22215/timreview/1356.
APA
Baccarne, B., Evens, T., & De Marez, L. (2020). Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanism for leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, 10(5), 51–66. https://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1356
Chicago author-date
Baccarne, Bastiaan, Tom Evens, and Lieven De Marez. 2020. “Understanding Civic Crowdfunding as a Mechanism for Leveraging Civic Engagement and Urban Innovation.” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW 10 (5): 51–66. https://doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1356.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Baccarne, Bastiaan, Tom Evens, and Lieven De Marez. 2020. “Understanding Civic Crowdfunding as a Mechanism for Leveraging Civic Engagement and Urban Innovation.” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW 10 (5): 51–66. doi:10.22215/timreview/1356.
Vancouver
1.
Baccarne B, Evens T, De Marez L. Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanism for leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation. TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW. 2020;10(5):51–66.
IEEE
[1]
B. Baccarne, T. Evens, and L. De Marez, “Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanism for leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation,” TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 51–66, 2020.
@article{8663595,
  abstract     = {This article studies the emergence of government-initiated civic crowdfunding platforms. Such platforms can be considered as governmental responses for bottom-up peer-to-peer support mechanisms related to urban innovation, which also allows top-down governance and governmental support systems for civic entrepreneurship. To better understand the implications of these innovative ICT-enabled interaction interfaces for collective urban innovation, this study investigates participation inequalities from the perspective of campaign instigators, using in-depth interviews (N=28), and from the perspective of the citizen-funder, using a survey (N=265). The analysis shows that urban crowdfunding practices mainly contribute to higher-level development of collective identities with increased neighborhood capacities. Although participation in such ICT-enabled interaction interfaces could reinforce digital inequalities and existing power balances, this research shows a more nuanced perspective, in which online and offline practices intertwine. Furthermore, while civic crowdfunding campaigns are driven by a traditional ‘participation elite’, the deliberation process on development projects involves new publics that are not typically engaged in civic activities. Hence, civic crowdfunding formulates a new mode of civic engagement in which institutional involvement acts as a trust broker between civic funders and civic entrepreneurs, as well as adding legitimacy to innovation processes in the public sphere.},
  author       = {Baccarne, Bastiaan and Evens, Tom and De Marez, Lieven},
  issn         = {1927-0321},
  journal      = {TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION MANAGEMENT REVIEW},
  keywords     = {Civic crowdfunding,Urban innovation,Civic entrepreneurship,Participation inequalities,Civic engagement,Digital citizenship,Peer-to-peer economy,Social cohesion,Civic identity,SOCIAL MEDIA,YOUNG-ADULTS,PARTICIPATION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {51--66},
  title        = {Understanding civic crowdfunding as a mechanism for leveraging civic engagement and urban innovation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.22215/timreview/1356},
  volume       = {10},
  year         = {2020},
}

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