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Back to the future : akritic light on diachronic variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek)

Mark Janse (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
Cappadocian is an East Asia Minor Greek variety most closely related to Pharasiot and Pontic. Having been cut off from the rest of the Greek-speaking world after the defeat of the Byzantine army by the Seljuk Turks in the battle at Manzikert (1071), Cappadocian was increasingly Turkicized, but the Greek component preserved its essentially Late Medieval reek character. Unfortunately, our evidence for the historical development of Cappadocian is very scanty, consisting as it does of a few dozen inscriptions from the famous “rock-cut” churches of Cappadocia and the Greek poems written in Arabic script by the thirteenth-century Persian poet-scholar Rūmī and his son Sultan Walad. In this chapter I analyze new and hitherto unexplored evidence for diachronic variation in Cappadocian: Medieval Akritic songs orally transmitted hrough the ages in Cappadocia. The language of these songs, composed in the traditional Byzantine decapentasyllable or political verse, is a mixture of Late Medieval / Early Modern Greek and nineteenth-century Cappadocian, linguistically reminiscent of the AncGr epic, which also combined archaic and innovative features in a set metrical framework. Apart from loanwords and grammatical patterns borrowed from Turkish, the so-called ‘Byzantine residue’ of Cappadocian offers a unique glimpse of language variation and change in Late Medieval / Early Modern Greek.
Keywords
Cappadocian, Asia Minor Greek, Late Medieval Greek, Early Modern Greek, Akritic songs, Modern Greek dialects

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MLA
Janse, Mark. “Back to the Future : Akritic Light on Diachronic Variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek).” Varieties of Post-Classical and Byzantine Greek, edited by Klaas Bentein and Mark Janse, vol. 331, De Gruyter Mouton, 2020, pp. 201–39, doi:10.1515/9783110614404-009.
APA
Janse, M. (2020). Back to the future : akritic light on diachronic variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek). In K. Bentein & M. Janse (Eds.), Varieties of post-classical and Byzantine Greek (Vol. 331, pp. 201–239). https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110614404-009
Chicago author-date
Janse, Mark. 2020. “Back to the Future : Akritic Light on Diachronic Variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek).” In Varieties of Post-Classical and Byzantine Greek, edited by Klaas Bentein and Mark Janse, 331:201–39. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110614404-009.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Janse, Mark. 2020. “Back to the Future : Akritic Light on Diachronic Variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek).” In Varieties of Post-Classical and Byzantine Greek, ed by. Klaas Bentein and Mark Janse, 331:201–239. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. doi:10.1515/9783110614404-009.
Vancouver
1.
Janse M. Back to the future : akritic light on diachronic variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek). In: Bentein K, Janse M, editors. Varieties of post-classical and Byzantine Greek. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton; 2020. p. 201–39.
IEEE
[1]
M. Janse, “Back to the future : akritic light on diachronic variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek),” in Varieties of post-classical and Byzantine Greek, vol. 331, K. Bentein and M. Janse, Eds. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton, 2020, pp. 201–239.
@incollection{8663532,
  abstract     = {{Cappadocian is an East Asia Minor Greek variety most closely related to Pharasiot and Pontic. Having been cut off from the rest of the Greek-speaking world after the defeat of the Byzantine army by the Seljuk Turks in the battle at Manzikert (1071), Cappadocian was increasingly Turkicized, but the Greek component preserved its essentially Late Medieval 
 reek character. Unfortunately, our evidence for the historical development of Cappadocian is very scanty, consisting as it does of a few dozen inscriptions from the famous “rock-cut” churches of Cappadocia and the Greek poems written in Arabic script by the thirteenth-century Persian poet-scholar Rūmī and his son Sultan Walad. In this chapter I analyze new and hitherto unexplored evidence for diachronic variation in Cappadocian: Medieval Akritic songs orally transmitted 
 hrough the ages in Cappadocia. The language of these songs, composed in the traditional Byzantine decapentasyllable or political verse, is a mixture of Late Medieval / Early Modern Greek and nineteenth-century Cappadocian, linguistically reminiscent of the AncGr epic, which also combined archaic and innovative features in a set metrical framework. Apart from loanwords and grammatical patterns borrowed from Turkish, the so-called ‘Byzantine residue’ of Cappadocian offers a unique glimpse of language variation and change in Late Medieval / Early Modern Greek.}},
  author       = {{Janse, Mark}},
  booktitle    = {{Varieties of post-classical and Byzantine Greek}},
  editor       = {{Bentein, Klaas and Janse, Mark}},
  isbn         = {{9783110608557}},
  issn         = {{1861-4302}},
  keywords     = {{Cappadocian,Asia Minor Greek,Late Medieval Greek,Early Modern Greek,Akritic songs,Modern Greek dialects}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{201--239}},
  publisher    = {{De Gruyter Mouton}},
  series       = {{Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs}},
  title        = {{Back to the future : akritic light on diachronic variation in Cappadocian (East Asia Minor Greek)}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1515/9783110614404-009}},
  volume       = {{331}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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