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Mapping dynamic interactions among cognitive biases in depression

(2020) EMOTION REVIEW. 12(2). p.93-110
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Abstract
Depression is theorized to be caused in part by biased cognitive processing of emotional information. Yet, prior research has adopted a reductionist approach that does not characterize how biases in cognitive processes such as attention and memory work together to confer risk for this complex multifactorial disorder. Grounded in affective and cognitive science, we highlight four mechanisms to understand how attention biases, working memory difficulties, and long-term memory biases interact and contribute to depression. We review evidence for each mechanism and highlight time- and context-dependent dynamics. We outline methodological considerations and recommendations for research in this area. We conclude with directions to advance the understanding of depression risk, cognitive training interventions, and transdiagnostic properties of cognitive biases and their interactions.
Keywords
LONG-TERM-MEMORY, SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER, ATTENTIONAL BIAS, EMOTIONAL, INFORMATION, WORKING-MEMORY, INTRUSIVE MEMORIES, EXECUTIVE CONTROL, VISUAL-ATTENTION, IMPLICIT MEMORY, EYE-TRACKING, attention, cognitive biases, depression, executive control, long-term, memory, working memory

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Everaert, Jonas, et al. “Mapping Dynamic Interactions among Cognitive Biases in Depression.” EMOTION REVIEW, vol. 12, no. 2, 2020, pp. 93–110.
APA
Everaert, J., Bernstein, A., Joormann, J., & Koster, E. (2020). Mapping dynamic interactions among cognitive biases in depression. EMOTION REVIEW, 12(2), 93–110.
Chicago author-date
Everaert, Jonas, Amit Bernstein, Jutta Joormann, and Ernst Koster. 2020. “Mapping Dynamic Interactions among Cognitive Biases in Depression.” EMOTION REVIEW 12 (2): 93–110.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Everaert, Jonas, Amit Bernstein, Jutta Joormann, and Ernst Koster. 2020. “Mapping Dynamic Interactions among Cognitive Biases in Depression.” EMOTION REVIEW 12 (2): 93–110.
Vancouver
1.
Everaert J, Bernstein A, Joormann J, Koster E. Mapping dynamic interactions among cognitive biases in depression. EMOTION REVIEW. 2020;12(2):93–110.
IEEE
[1]
J. Everaert, A. Bernstein, J. Joormann, and E. Koster, “Mapping dynamic interactions among cognitive biases in depression,” EMOTION REVIEW, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 93–110, 2020.
@article{8662049,
  abstract     = {Depression is theorized to be caused in part by biased cognitive processing of emotional information. Yet, prior research has adopted a reductionist approach that does not characterize how biases in cognitive processes such as attention and memory work together to confer risk for this complex multifactorial disorder. Grounded in affective and cognitive science, we highlight four mechanisms to understand how attention biases, working memory difficulties, and long-term memory biases interact and contribute to depression. We review evidence for each mechanism and highlight time- and context-dependent dynamics. We outline methodological considerations and recommendations for research in this area. We conclude with directions to advance the understanding of depression risk, cognitive training interventions, and transdiagnostic properties of cognitive biases and their interactions.},
  articleno    = {1754073919892069},
  author       = {Everaert, Jonas and Bernstein, Amit and Joormann, Jutta and Koster, Ernst},
  issn         = {1754-0739},
  journal      = {EMOTION REVIEW},
  keywords     = {LONG-TERM-MEMORY,SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER,ATTENTIONAL BIAS,EMOTIONAL,INFORMATION,WORKING-MEMORY,INTRUSIVE MEMORIES,EXECUTIVE CONTROL,VISUAL-ATTENTION,IMPLICIT MEMORY,EYE-TRACKING,attention,cognitive biases,depression,executive control,long-term,memory,working memory},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {1754073919892069:93--1754073919892069:110},
  title        = {Mapping dynamic interactions among cognitive biases in depression},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1754073919892069},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2020},
}

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