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Performance management and teacher performance : the role of affective organizational commitment and exhaustion

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Abstract
Performance management is an ongoing process that intends to facilitate employee performance. There are concerns that this may lead to negative employee experiences. In education, an effectively operating performance management process is crucial, considering the challenging and demanding nature of the teaching profession. Drawing on social exchange theory and the job demands-resources model, we propose that when teachers perceive performance management as a process that adheres to the principles of a so-called strong HRM system (i.e. one that communicates distinctively, consistently and reaches high levels of consensus), they will feel more appreciated, valued and energized, as signaled by higher levels of affective organizational commitment and less exhaustion. We hypothesize that, in turn, these outcomes improve teacher performance. We collected data from 458 Flemish teachers and matched these with performance ratings provided by school principals. The results show that the perceived strength of a performance management process relates negatively to teacher exhaustion while relating positively to their performance. Moreover, the relationship between perceived performance management process strength and teacher performance appeared to be indirect, operating primarily through affective organizational commitment. We discuss several theoretical and practical implications.
Keywords
Performance management, affective organizational commitment, exhaustion, employee performance, HRM system strength, education, HUMAN-RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, NORMATIVE COMMITMENT, EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION, FIRM PERFORMANCE, HIGHER-EDUCATION, MEDIATING ROLES, WORK ENGAGEMENT, SYSTEM STRENGTH, APPRAISAL, HRM

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MLA
Van Waeyenberg, Thomas, et al. “Performance Management and Teacher Performance : The Role of Affective Organizational Commitment and Exhaustion.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, 2020, doi:10.1080/09585192.2020.1754881.
APA
Van Waeyenberg, T., Peccei, R., & Decramer, A. (2020). Performance management and teacher performance : the role of affective organizational commitment and exhaustion. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2020.1754881
Chicago author-date
Van Waeyenberg, Thomas, Riccardo Peccei, and Adelien Decramer. 2020. “Performance Management and Teacher Performance : The Role of Affective Organizational Commitment and Exhaustion.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. https://doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2020.1754881.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Waeyenberg, Thomas, Riccardo Peccei, and Adelien Decramer. 2020. “Performance Management and Teacher Performance : The Role of Affective Organizational Commitment and Exhaustion.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. doi:10.1080/09585192.2020.1754881.
Vancouver
1.
Van Waeyenberg T, Peccei R, Decramer A. Performance management and teacher performance : the role of affective organizational commitment and exhaustion. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. 2020;
IEEE
[1]
T. Van Waeyenberg, R. Peccei, and A. Decramer, “Performance management and teacher performance : the role of affective organizational commitment and exhaustion,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, 2020.
@article{8661738,
  abstract     = {Performance management is an ongoing process that intends to facilitate employee performance. There are concerns that this may lead to negative employee experiences. In education, an effectively operating performance management process is crucial, considering the challenging and demanding nature of the teaching profession. Drawing on social exchange theory and the job demands-resources model, we propose that when teachers perceive performance management as a process that adheres to the principles of a so-called strong HRM system (i.e. one that communicates distinctively, consistently and reaches high levels of consensus), they will feel more appreciated, valued and energized, as signaled by higher levels of affective organizational commitment and less exhaustion. We hypothesize that, in turn, these outcomes improve teacher performance. We collected data from 458 Flemish teachers and matched these with performance ratings provided by school principals. The results show that the perceived strength of a performance management process relates negatively to teacher exhaustion while relating positively to their performance. Moreover, the relationship between perceived performance management process strength and teacher performance appeared to be indirect, operating primarily through affective organizational commitment. We discuss several theoretical and practical implications.},
  author       = {Van Waeyenberg, Thomas and Peccei, Riccardo and Decramer, Adelien},
  issn         = {0958-5192},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT},
  keywords     = {Performance management,affective organizational commitment,exhaustion,employee performance,HRM system strength,education,HUMAN-RESOURCE MANAGEMENT,NORMATIVE COMMITMENT,EMOTIONAL EXHAUSTION,FIRM PERFORMANCE,HIGHER-EDUCATION,MEDIATING ROLES,WORK ENGAGEMENT,SYSTEM STRENGTH,APPRAISAL,HRM},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Performance management and teacher performance : the role of affective organizational commitment and exhaustion},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09585192.2020.1754881},
  year         = {2020},
}

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