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European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in european waters - Current state

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Abstract
Ocean acidification (OA) is a global problem with profoundly negative environmental, social and economic consequences. From a governance perspective, there is a need to ensure a coordinated effort to directly address it. This study reviews 90 legislative documents from 17 countries from the European Economic Area (EEA) and the UK that primarily border the sea. The primary finding from this study is that the European national policies and legislation addressing OA is at best uncoor-dinated. Although OA is acknowledged at the higher levels of governance, its status as an environmental challenge is greatly diluted at the European Union Member State level. As a notable exception within the EEA, Norway seems to have a proactive approach towards legislative frameworks and research aimed towards further understanding OA. On the other hand, there was a complete lack of, or inadequate reporting in the Marine Strategy Framework Directive by the majority of the EU Member States, with the exception of Italy and the Netherlands. We argue that the problems associated with OA and the solutions needed to address it are unique and cannot be bundled together with traditional climate change responses and measures. Therefore, European OA-related policy and legislation must reflect this and tailor their actions to mitigate OA to safeguard marine ecosystems and societies. A stronger and more coordinated approach is needed to build environmental, economic and social resilience of the observed and anticipated changes to the coastal marine systems.
Keywords
Economics and Econometrics, Aquatic Science, Law, Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, General Environmental Science

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MLA
Galdies, Charles, et al. “European Policies and Legislation Targeting Ocean Acidification in European Waters - Current State.” Marine Policy, vol. 118, ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2020.
APA
Galdies, C., Bellerby, R., Canu, D., Chen, W., Garcia-Luque, E., Gašparović, B., … Guerra, R. (2020). European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in european waters - Current state. Marine Policy, 118.
Chicago author-date
Galdies, Charles, Richard Bellerby, Donata Canu, Wenting Chen, Enrique Garcia-Luque, Blaženka Gašparović, Jelena Godrijan, et al. 2020. “European Policies and Legislation Targeting Ocean Acidification in European Waters - Current State.” Marine Policy 118.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Galdies, Charles, Richard Bellerby, Donata Canu, Wenting Chen, Enrique Garcia-Luque, Blaženka Gašparović, Jelena Godrijan, Paul J. Lawlor, Frank Maes, Alenka Malej, Dionisios Panagiotaras, Beatriz Martinez Romera, Claire E. Reymond, Julien Rochette, Cosimo Solidoro, Robert Stojanov, Rachel Tiller, Isabel Torres de Noronha, Grzegorz Uścinowicz, Natașa Vaidianu, Cormac Walsh, and Roberta Guerra. 2020. “European Policies and Legislation Targeting Ocean Acidification in European Waters - Current State.” Marine Policy 118.
Vancouver
1.
Galdies C, Bellerby R, Canu D, Chen W, Garcia-Luque E, Gašparović B, et al. European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in european waters - Current state. Marine Policy. 2020;118.
IEEE
[1]
C. Galdies et al., “European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in european waters - Current state,” Marine Policy, vol. 118, 2020.
@article{8661542,
  abstract     = {Ocean acidification (OA) is a global problem with profoundly negative environmental, social and economic consequences. From a governance perspective, there is a need to ensure a coordinated effort to directly address it. This study reviews 90 legislative documents from 17 countries from the European Economic Area (EEA) and the UK that primarily border the sea. The primary finding from this study is that the European national policies and legislation addressing OA is at best uncoor-dinated. Although OA is acknowledged at the higher levels of governance, its status as an environmental challenge is greatly diluted at the European Union Member State level. As a notable exception within the EEA, Norway seems to have a proactive approach towards legislative frameworks and research aimed towards further understanding OA. On the other hand, there was a complete lack of, or inadequate reporting in the Marine Strategy Framework Directive by the majority of the EU Member States, with the exception of Italy and the Netherlands. We argue that the problems associated with OA and the solutions needed to address it are unique and cannot be bundled together with traditional climate change responses and measures. Therefore, European OA-related policy and legislation must reflect this and tailor their actions to mitigate OA to safeguard marine ecosystems and societies. A stronger and more coordinated approach is needed to build environmental, economic and social resilience of the observed and anticipated changes to the coastal marine systems.},
  articleno    = {103947},
  author       = {Galdies, Charles and Bellerby, Richard and Canu, Donata and Chen, Wenting and Garcia-Luque, Enrique and Gašparović, Blaženka and Godrijan, Jelena and Lawlor, Paul J. and Maes, Frank and Malej, Alenka and Panagiotaras, Dionisios and Romera, Beatriz Martinez and Reymond, Claire E. and Rochette, Julien and Solidoro, Cosimo and Stojanov, Robert and Tiller, Rachel and Torres de Noronha, Isabel and Uścinowicz, Grzegorz and Vaidianu, Natașa and Walsh, Cormac and Guerra, Roberta},
  issn         = {0308-597X},
  journal      = {Marine Policy},
  keywords     = {Economics and Econometrics,Aquatic Science,Law,Management,Monitoring,Policy and Law,General Environmental Science},
  language     = {eng},
  publisher    = {ELSEVIER SCI LTD},
  title        = {European policies and legislation targeting ocean acidification in european waters - Current state},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2020.103947},
  volume       = {118},
  year         = {2020},
}

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