Advanced search
1 file | 405.80 KB Add to list

The variation of Classical Greek wishes : a functional discourse grammar and common ground approach

Ezra La Roi (UGent)
Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper examines several unobserved variations of realizable Classical Greek wishes which radically change our conception of them. Using the layered approach to clause structure from Functional Discourse Grammar, I demonstrate that the wish optative has both a semantic and a pragmatic illocutionary value. Semantically, the wish optative, in Classical Greek, is non -subjective epistemic (instead of the previously proposed deontic) as witnessed by its contextual communicative value and its (infrequent) combinations with the subjective particles apa and i. Realizable wishes have their own specific illocutionary value and sincerity condition. They express the speaker's psychological commitment to a realizable state of affairs for several contextual reasons. I argue that ei0e and ci yap, which, contrary to common opinion, are highly infrequent with wish optatives, are contextually motivated illocutionary particles. The particles occur when the speaker's current psychological commitment has not been sufficiently established in the interlocutor(s)' Common Ground, which contains "the sum of [interlocutors] mutual, common, or joint knowledge, beliefs, and suppositions" (Clark 1996: 96). The particle vuv combined with the wish optative, a combination which was overlooked in analyses of vuv, marks the Discourse Act of the wish illocution as consequential from the previous acts in the Common Ground.
Keywords
Wish optative, Particles, Illocution, Epistemic modality, Functional Discourse Grammar, Common Ground, apa lj ei0e ci yap, Classical Greek, PARTICLE, VUV

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 405.80 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
La Roi, Ezra. “The Variation of Classical Greek Wishes : A Functional Discourse Grammar and Common Ground Approach.” GLOTTA-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GRIECHISCHE UND LATEINISCHE SPRACHE, vol. 96, no. 1, 2020, pp. 213–45, doi:10.13109/glot.2020.96.1.213.
APA
La Roi, E. (2020). The variation of Classical Greek wishes : a functional discourse grammar and common ground approach. GLOTTA-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GRIECHISCHE UND LATEINISCHE SPRACHE, 96(1), 213–245. https://doi.org/10.13109/glot.2020.96.1.213
Chicago author-date
La Roi, Ezra. 2020. “The Variation of Classical Greek Wishes : A Functional Discourse Grammar and Common Ground Approach.” GLOTTA-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GRIECHISCHE UND LATEINISCHE SPRACHE 96 (1): 213–45. https://doi.org/10.13109/glot.2020.96.1.213.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
La Roi, Ezra. 2020. “The Variation of Classical Greek Wishes : A Functional Discourse Grammar and Common Ground Approach.” GLOTTA-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GRIECHISCHE UND LATEINISCHE SPRACHE 96 (1): 213–245. doi:10.13109/glot.2020.96.1.213.
Vancouver
1.
La Roi E. The variation of Classical Greek wishes : a functional discourse grammar and common ground approach. GLOTTA-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GRIECHISCHE UND LATEINISCHE SPRACHE. 2020;96(1):213–45.
IEEE
[1]
E. La Roi, “The variation of Classical Greek wishes : a functional discourse grammar and common ground approach,” GLOTTA-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GRIECHISCHE UND LATEINISCHE SPRACHE, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 213–245, 2020.
@article{8660468,
  abstract     = {This paper examines several unobserved variations of realizable Classical Greek wishes which radically change our conception of them. Using the layered approach to clause structure from Functional Discourse Grammar, I demonstrate that the wish optative has both a semantic and a pragmatic illocutionary value. Semantically, the wish optative, in Classical Greek, is non -subjective epistemic (instead of the previously proposed deontic) as witnessed by its contextual communicative value and its (infrequent) combinations with the subjective particles apa and i.

Realizable wishes have their own specific illocutionary value and sincerity condition. They express the speaker's psychological commitment to a realizable state of affairs for several contextual reasons. I argue that ei0e and ci yap, which, contrary to common opinion, are highly infrequent with wish optatives, are contextually motivated illocutionary particles. The particles occur when the speaker's current psychological commitment has not been sufficiently established in the interlocutor(s)' Common Ground, which contains "the sum of [interlocutors] mutual, common, or joint knowledge, beliefs, and suppositions" (Clark 1996: 96). The particle vuv combined with the wish optative, a combination which was overlooked in analyses of vuv, marks the Discourse Act of the wish illocution as consequential from the previous acts in the Common Ground.},
  author       = {La Roi, Ezra},
  issn         = {0017-1298},
  journal      = {GLOTTA-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GRIECHISCHE UND LATEINISCHE SPRACHE},
  keywords     = {Wish optative,Particles,Illocution,Epistemic modality,Functional Discourse Grammar,Common Ground,apa lj ei0e ci yap,Classical Greek,PARTICLE,VUV},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {213--245},
  title        = {The variation of Classical Greek wishes : a functional discourse grammar and common ground approach},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.13109/glot.2020.96.1.213},
  volume       = {96},
  year         = {2020},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: