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Hurricane-induced selection on the morphology of an island lizard

(2018) NATURE. 560(7716). p.88-91
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Abstract
Hurricanes are catastrophically destructive. Beyond their toll on human life and livelihoods, hurricanes have tremendous and often long-lasting effects on ecological systems(1-2). Despite many examples of mass mortality events following hurricanes(3-5), hurricane-induced natural selection has not previously been demonstrated. Immediately after we finished a survey of Anolis scriptus-a common, small-bodied lizard found throughout the Turks and Caicos archipelago-our study populations were battered by Hurricanes Irma and Maria. Shortly thereafter, we revisited the populations to determine whether morphological traits related to clinging capacity had shifted in the intervening six weeks and found that populations of surviving lizards differed in body size, relative limb length and toepad size from those present before the storm. Our serendipitous study, which to our knowledge is the first to use an immediately before and after comparison(6) to investigate selection caused by hurricanes, demonstrates that hurricanes can induce phenotypic change in a population and strongly implicates natural selection as the cause. In the decades ahead, as extreme climate events are predicted to become more intense and prevalent(7,8), our understanding of evolutionary dynamics needs to incorporate the effects of these potentially severe selective episodes(9-11).
Keywords
Multidisciplinary, PHENOTYPIC SELECTION, HINDLIMB LENGTH, ANOLIS, PLASTICITY, EVOLUTION, INDIVIDUALS, POPULATIONS, PERFORMANCE, DYNAMICS, FOREST

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Citation

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MLA
Donihue, Colin M., et al. “Hurricane-Induced Selection on the Morphology of an Island Lizard.” NATURE, vol. 560, no. 7716, 2018, pp. 88–91, doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0352-3.
APA
Donihue, C. M., Herrel, A., Fabre, A.-C., Kamath, A., Geneva, A. J., Schoener, T. W., … Losos, J. B. (2018). Hurricane-induced selection on the morphology of an island lizard. NATURE, 560(7716), 88–91. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0352-3
Chicago author-date
Donihue, Colin M., Anthony Herrel, Anne-Claire Fabre, Ambika Kamath, Anthony J. Geneva, Thomas W. Schoener, Jason J. Kolbe, and Jonathan B. Losos. 2018. “Hurricane-Induced Selection on the Morphology of an Island Lizard.” NATURE 560 (7716): 88–91. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0352-3.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Donihue, Colin M., Anthony Herrel, Anne-Claire Fabre, Ambika Kamath, Anthony J. Geneva, Thomas W. Schoener, Jason J. Kolbe, and Jonathan B. Losos. 2018. “Hurricane-Induced Selection on the Morphology of an Island Lizard.” NATURE 560 (7716): 88–91. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0352-3.
Vancouver
1.
Donihue CM, Herrel A, Fabre A-C, Kamath A, Geneva AJ, Schoener TW, et al. Hurricane-induced selection on the morphology of an island lizard. NATURE. 2018;560(7716):88–91.
IEEE
[1]
C. M. Donihue et al., “Hurricane-induced selection on the morphology of an island lizard,” NATURE, vol. 560, no. 7716, pp. 88–91, 2018.
@article{8660169,
  abstract     = {{Hurricanes are catastrophically destructive. Beyond their toll on human life and livelihoods, hurricanes have tremendous and often long-lasting effects on ecological systems(1-2). Despite many examples of mass mortality events following hurricanes(3-5), hurricane-induced natural selection has not previously been demonstrated. Immediately after we finished a survey of Anolis scriptus-a common, small-bodied lizard found throughout the Turks and Caicos archipelago-our study populations were battered by Hurricanes Irma and Maria. Shortly thereafter, we revisited the populations to determine whether morphological traits related to clinging capacity had shifted in the intervening six weeks and found that populations of surviving lizards differed in body size, relative limb length and toepad size from those present before the storm. Our serendipitous study, which to our knowledge is the first to use an immediately before and after comparison(6) to investigate selection caused by hurricanes, demonstrates that hurricanes can induce phenotypic change in a population and strongly implicates natural selection as the cause. In the decades ahead, as extreme climate events are predicted to become more intense and prevalent(7,8), our understanding of evolutionary dynamics needs to incorporate the effects of these potentially severe selective episodes(9-11).}},
  author       = {{Donihue, Colin M. and Herrel, Anthony and Fabre, Anne-Claire and Kamath, Ambika and Geneva, Anthony J. and Schoener, Thomas W. and Kolbe, Jason J. and Losos, Jonathan B.}},
  issn         = {{0028-0836}},
  journal      = {{NATURE}},
  keywords     = {{Multidisciplinary,PHENOTYPIC SELECTION,HINDLIMB LENGTH,ANOLIS,PLASTICITY,EVOLUTION,INDIVIDUALS,POPULATIONS,PERFORMANCE,DYNAMICS,FOREST}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{7716}},
  pages        = {{88--91}},
  title        = {{Hurricane-induced selection on the morphology of an island lizard}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0352-3}},
  volume       = {{560}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}

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