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Changes in soil labile and recalcitrant carbon pools after land-use change in a semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone in Central Asia

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Abstract
Soil organic matter is a heterogeneous and complex entity that consists of a diverse range of compounds. However, the responses of soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions with different biochemical stabilities to land-use change are inadequately addressed. In this study, soil samples (0-60 cm) were collected with a 10 cm interval from grassland (GS), cropland (CS), woodland (WS), and orchard (OS) using paired-site approach in a typical semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone in the Ili River Valley, Central Asia, to: (1) clarify the vertical changes in soil labile (LPI and LPII) and recalcitrant C pools (RP) after GS conversion to CS and CS conversion to WS and OS; and to (2) evaluate the impact of land-use change on SOC stability. The results indicated that LPI stocks in topsoil (0-30 cm) and subsoil (30-60 cm) showed opposite responses to land-use change. In contrast, LPII and RP stocks in both soil layers significantly decreased after conversion of GS to CS, and significantly increased after CS afforestation. These results demonstrated that RP in subsoils could also be altered by land-use change. In general, conversion from GS to CS decreased the recalcitrance index of SOC (RISOC), which increased after conversion from CS to WS. The results implied that cultivation decreased the stability of SOC, causing the depletion of SOC stock, whereas CS conversion to WS enhanced the stability of SOC, promoting SOC sequestration. The negative correlations between RISOC, pH, and electrical conductivity (EC1:5) suggested that soil pH and salinity were potential indicators reflecting the biochemical recalcitrance of SOC. Since both soil pH and EC1:5 showed decreasing trends after conversion from CS to WS and OS, the results suggested that afforestation on CS contributed to mitigate soil salinization while promoting SOC sequestration in this semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone.
Keywords
ORGANIC-CARBON, USE CONVERSION, CLIMATE-CHANGE, PLANT INPUTS, STOCKS, MATTER, SEQUESTRATION, NITROGEN, AFFORESTATION, MANAGEMENT, Land-use change, Soil organic carbon, Labile carbon pool, Recalcitrant, carbon pool, Carbon sequestration, Soil salinization

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MLA
Liu, Xiang, et al. “Changes in Soil Labile and Recalcitrant Carbon Pools after Land-Use Change in a Semi-Arid Agro-Pastoral Ecotone in Central Asia.” ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, vol. 110, 2020, doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105925.
APA
Liu, X., Chen, D., Yang, T., Huang, F., Fu, S., & Li, L. (2020). Changes in soil labile and recalcitrant carbon pools after land-use change in a semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone in Central Asia. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, 110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105925
Chicago author-date
Liu, Xiang, Ditao Chen, Tao Yang, Farong Huang, Shuai Fu, and Lanhai Li. 2020. “Changes in Soil Labile and Recalcitrant Carbon Pools after Land-Use Change in a Semi-Arid Agro-Pastoral Ecotone in Central Asia.” ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS 110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105925.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Liu, Xiang, Ditao Chen, Tao Yang, Farong Huang, Shuai Fu, and Lanhai Li. 2020. “Changes in Soil Labile and Recalcitrant Carbon Pools after Land-Use Change in a Semi-Arid Agro-Pastoral Ecotone in Central Asia.” ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS 110. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105925.
Vancouver
1.
Liu X, Chen D, Yang T, Huang F, Fu S, Li L. Changes in soil labile and recalcitrant carbon pools after land-use change in a semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone in Central Asia. ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS. 2020;110.
IEEE
[1]
X. Liu, D. Chen, T. Yang, F. Huang, S. Fu, and L. Li, “Changes in soil labile and recalcitrant carbon pools after land-use change in a semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone in Central Asia,” ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, vol. 110, 2020.
@article{8659945,
  abstract     = {{Soil organic matter is a heterogeneous and complex entity that consists of a diverse range of compounds. However, the responses of soil organic carbon (SOC) fractions with different biochemical stabilities to land-use change are inadequately addressed. In this study, soil samples (0-60 cm) were collected with a 10 cm interval from grassland (GS), cropland (CS), woodland (WS), and orchard (OS) using paired-site approach in a typical semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone in the Ili River Valley, Central Asia, to: (1) clarify the vertical changes in soil labile (LPI and LPII) and recalcitrant C pools (RP) after GS conversion to CS and CS conversion to WS and OS; and to (2) evaluate the impact of land-use change on SOC stability. The results indicated that LPI stocks in topsoil (0-30 cm) and subsoil (30-60 cm) showed opposite responses to land-use change. In contrast, LPII and RP stocks in both soil layers significantly decreased after conversion of GS to CS, and significantly increased after CS afforestation. These results demonstrated that RP in subsoils could also be altered by land-use change. In general, conversion from GS to CS decreased the recalcitrance index of SOC (RISOC), which increased after conversion from CS to WS. The results implied that cultivation decreased the stability of SOC, causing the depletion of SOC stock, whereas CS conversion to WS enhanced the stability of SOC, promoting SOC sequestration. The negative correlations between RISOC, pH, and electrical conductivity (EC1:5) suggested that soil pH and salinity were potential indicators reflecting the biochemical recalcitrance of SOC. Since both soil pH and EC1:5 showed decreasing trends after conversion from CS to WS and OS, the results suggested that afforestation on CS contributed to mitigate soil salinization while promoting SOC sequestration in this semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone.}},
  articleno    = {{105925}},
  author       = {{Liu, Xiang and Chen, Ditao and Yang, Tao and Huang, Farong and Fu, Shuai and Li, Lanhai}},
  issn         = {{1470-160X}},
  journal      = {{ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS}},
  keywords     = {{ORGANIC-CARBON,USE CONVERSION,CLIMATE-CHANGE,PLANT INPUTS,STOCKS,MATTER,SEQUESTRATION,NITROGEN,AFFORESTATION,MANAGEMENT,Land-use change,Soil organic carbon,Labile carbon pool,Recalcitrant,carbon pool,Carbon sequestration,Soil salinization}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{10}},
  title        = {{Changes in soil labile and recalcitrant carbon pools after land-use change in a semi-arid agro-pastoral ecotone in Central Asia}},
  url          = {{http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105925}},
  volume       = {{110}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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