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La chicote comme symbole du colonialisme belge?

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Abstract
The whipping of African prisoners during the Belgian colonial period is a common theme for artists of the Zairian urban popular school. Their paintings, frequently referred to in contemporary academic literature on the former Belgian colony, are used here as a starting point for an analysis of the discourse of former territoriaux regarding their use of the whip in their colo nial administrative functions. After reviewing the different arguments which they present to justify this practice, I question the "weight" which was/is given to whipping in the colonial world. I argue that the pictures reduce colonial reality to an image which, although not false, does not reflect the range of possible reactions towards it. In the final analysis, the paintings cannot merely be used as a condemnation of colonialism which does not take into account post-colonialism.
En guise d'introduction Pour qui s'interesse a la litterature academique relative A l'ancienne colonie belge, le peintre Tshibumba Kanda-Matula de l'6cole populaire urbaine zairoise n'est pas un inconnu. A diverses reprises, plusieurs auteurs ont analysé la portee de ses oeuvres (Szomati-Fabian and Fabian 1976; Fabian and Szombati-Fabian I980; Jewsiewicki 1986a, 1986b, 1988b, i99I; Biaya 1988), reproduit un de ses tableaux a titre d'illustration de leurs propos (voir par exemple, Young and Turner 1985, 4-5; Jewsiewicki 1988a; "L'Afrique noire asphyxi6e," 83, 97, 115), ou simplement fait reference a son travail (voi exemple, Vellut a paraitre; Fabian 1990, 166)...
Keywords
Development, Cultural Studies, Sociology and Political Science, History, Demography, Anthropology, HRC

Citation

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MLA
Dembour, Marie-Benedicte. “La Chicote Comme Symbole Du Colonialisme Belge?” Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines, vol. 26, no. 2, Taylor&Francis, 1992, pp. 205–25.
APA
Dembour, M.-B. (1992). La chicote comme symbole du colonialisme belge? Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines, 26(2), 205–225.
Chicago author-date
Dembour, Marie-Benedicte. 1992. “La Chicote Comme Symbole Du Colonialisme Belge?” Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines 26 (2): 205–25.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Dembour, Marie-Benedicte. 1992. “La Chicote Comme Symbole Du Colonialisme Belge?” Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue Canadienne Des Études Africaines 26 (2): 205–225.
Vancouver
1.
Dembour M-B. La chicote comme symbole du colonialisme belge? Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines. 1992;26(2):205–25.
IEEE
[1]
M.-B. Dembour, “La chicote comme symbole du colonialisme belge?,” Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 205–225, 1992.
@article{8658956,
  abstract     = {The whipping of African prisoners during the Belgian colonial period is a  common theme for artists of the Zairian urban popular school. Their paintings, frequently referred to in contemporary academic literature on the former Belgian colony, are used here as a starting point for an analysis of the  discourse of former territoriaux regarding their use of the whip in their colo nial administrative functions. After reviewing the different arguments  which they present to justify this practice, I question the "weight" which  was/is given to whipping in the colonial world. I argue that the pictures  reduce colonial reality to an image which, although not false, does not  reflect the range of possible reactions towards it. In the final analysis, the paintings cannot merely be used as a condemnation of colonialism which  does not take into account post-colonialism.},
  articleno    = {205},
  author       = {Dembour, Marie-Benedicte},
  issn         = {0008-3968},
  journal      = {Canadian Journal of African Studies / Revue Canadienne des Études Africaines},
  keywords     = {Development,Cultural Studies,Sociology and Political Science,History,Demography,Anthropology,HRC},
  language     = {fre},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {205:205--205:225},
  publisher    = {Taylor&Francis},
  title        = {La chicote comme symbole du colonialisme belge?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/485870},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {1992},
}

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