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The mysteries of Egyptian Nile perch (Lates niloticus). The case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age)

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Abstract
Excavations at the coastal site of Tell Tweini have yielded remains of Nile perch that must have been traded in from Egypt. The import of this and other Nilotic fish since the Bronze Age has been amply documented for the eastern Mediterranean, but nowhere is Nile perch as common as at Tell Tweini. The species represents 40 per cent of the identified, handcollected, fish in the Middle Bronze Age, 60 per cent in the Late Bronze Age and even 80 per cent in the Iron Age layers. Remarkably, Nile perch is probably the only fish that was imported from Egypt at Tell Tweini. The large size of the sample from Tell Tweini enabled detailed analysis of aspects of the trade in Lates niloticus. The Nile perch bones at this and other sites in the region raise many questions that at present remain unanswered.
Keywords
Lates niloticus, processing, trade, Egypt, eastern Mediterranean, Bronze Age, Iron Age

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MLA
Linseele, Veerle, et al. “The Mysteries of Egyptian Nile Perch (Lates Niloticus). The Case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age).” Archaeology of the Near East X : Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas, edited by Bea De Cupere et al., vol. SUPPLEMENT 44, Peeters, 2013, pp. 209–26.
APA
Linseele, V., Van Neer, W., & Bretschneider, J. (2013). The mysteries of Egyptian Nile perch (Lates niloticus). The case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age). In B. De Cupere, V. Linseele, & S. Hamilton-Dyer (Eds.), Archaeology of the Near East X : Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas (Vol. SUPPLEMENT 44, pp. 209–226). Leuven: Peeters.
Chicago author-date
Linseele, Veerle, Wim Van Neer, and Joachim Bretschneider. 2013. “The Mysteries of Egyptian Nile Perch (Lates Niloticus). The Case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age).” In Archaeology of the Near East X : Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas, edited by Bea De Cupere, Veerle Linseele, and Sheila Hamilton-Dyer, SUPPLEMENT 44:209–26. Leuven: Peeters.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Linseele, Veerle, Wim Van Neer, and Joachim Bretschneider. 2013. “The Mysteries of Egyptian Nile Perch (Lates Niloticus). The Case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age).” In Archaeology of the Near East X : Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas, ed by. Bea De Cupere, Veerle Linseele, and Sheila Hamilton-Dyer, SUPPLEMENT 44:209–226. Leuven: Peeters.
Vancouver
1.
Linseele V, Van Neer W, Bretschneider J. The mysteries of Egyptian Nile perch (Lates niloticus). The case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age). In: De Cupere B, Linseele V, Hamilton-Dyer S, editors. Archaeology of the Near East X : Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas. Leuven: Peeters; 2013. p. 209–26.
IEEE
[1]
V. Linseele, W. Van Neer, and J. Bretschneider, “The mysteries of Egyptian Nile perch (Lates niloticus). The case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age),” in Archaeology of the Near East X : Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas, 2013, vol. SUPPLEMENT 44, pp. 209–226.
@inproceedings{8658945,
  abstract     = {{Excavations at the coastal site of Tell Tweini have yielded remains of Nile perch that must
have been traded in from Egypt. The import of this and other Nilotic fish since the Bronze
Age has been amply documented for the eastern Mediterranean, but nowhere is Nile perch as
common as at Tell Tweini. The species represents 40 per cent of the identified, handcollected,
fish in the Middle Bronze Age, 60 per cent in the Late Bronze Age and even 80 per
cent in the Iron Age layers. Remarkably, Nile perch is probably the only fish that was imported
from Egypt at Tell Tweini. The large size of the sample from Tell Tweini enabled detailed
analysis of aspects of the trade in Lates niloticus. The Nile perch bones at this and other sites
in the region raise many questions that at present remain unanswered.}},
  author       = {{Linseele, Veerle and Van Neer, Wim and Bretschneider, Joachim}},
  booktitle    = {{Archaeology of the Near East X : Tenth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of South-Western Asia and Adjacent Areas}},
  editor       = {{De Cupere, Bea and Linseele, Veerle and Hamilton-Dyer, Sheila}},
  isbn         = {{9789042929661}},
  keywords     = {{Lates niloticus,processing,trade,Egypt,eastern Mediterranean,Bronze Age,Iron Age}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{209--226}},
  publisher    = {{Peeters}},
  title        = {{The mysteries of Egyptian Nile perch (Lates niloticus). The case of Tell Tweini (Syria, Middle Bronze Age-Iron Age)}},
  volume       = {{SUPPLEMENT 44}},
  year         = {{2013}},
}