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Traditional dimensions of seabed resource management in the context of deep sea mining in the Pacific : learning from the socio-ecological interconnectivity between island communities and the ocean realm

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Abstract
In many of the Pacific Islands, local communities have long-held cultural and spiritual attachments to the sea, in particular to species and specific marine areas, processes, habitats, islands, and natural seabed formations. Traditional knowledge, customary marine management approaches and integrated relationships between biodiversity, ecosystems and local communities promote conservation and ensure that marine benefits are reaped in a holistic, sustainable and equitable manner. However, the interaction between local traditional knowledge, contemporary scientific approaches to marine resource management and specific regulatory frameworks has often been challenging. To some extent, the value of community practices and customary law, which have provided an incentive for regional cooperation and coordination around ocean governance, is acknowledged in several legal systems in the Pacific and a number of regional and international instruments, but this important connection can be further enhanced. In this article we present a science-based overview of the marine habitats that would be affected by deep seabed mining (DSM) along with an analysis of some traditional dimensions and cultural/societal aspects of marine resource management. We then assess whether the applicable legal frameworks at different levels attach sufficient importance to these traditional dimensions and to the human and societal aspects of seabed (mineral) resource management in the region. On basis of this analysis, we identify best practices and formulate recommendations with regard to the current regulatory frameworks and seabed resource management approaches. Indeed, the policies and practices developed in the Pacific could well serve as a suitable model elsewhere to reconcile commercial, ecological, cultural and social values within the context of deep sea mineral exploitation in addition to sustaining the Human Well-being and Sustainable Livelihoods (HWSL) of the Pacific communities and the health of the Global Ocean.
Keywords
sustainability, ocean governance, law of the sea, deep sea mining, marine ecology, global change, science-policy-society, human-nature interconnectivity, island communities, ocean connectivity

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MLA
Tilot, Virginie, et al. “Traditional Dimensions of Seabed Resource Management in the Context of Deep Sea Mining in the Pacific : Learning from the Socio-Ecological Interconnectivity between Island Communities and the Ocean Realm.” FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, vol. 8, 2021, doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.637938.
APA
Tilot, V., Willaert, K., Guilloux, B., Chen, W., Mulalap, C. Y., Gaulme, F., … Dahl, A. (2021). Traditional dimensions of seabed resource management in the context of deep sea mining in the Pacific : learning from the socio-ecological interconnectivity between island communities and the ocean realm. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.637938
Chicago author-date
Tilot, Virginie, Klaas Willaert, Bleuenn Guilloux, Wenting Chen, Clement Yow Mulalap, François Gaulme, Tamatoa Bambridge, Kimberley Peters, and Arthur Dahl. 2021. “Traditional Dimensions of Seabed Resource Management in the Context of Deep Sea Mining in the Pacific : Learning from the Socio-Ecological Interconnectivity between Island Communities and the Ocean Realm.” FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.637938.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Tilot, Virginie, Klaas Willaert, Bleuenn Guilloux, Wenting Chen, Clement Yow Mulalap, François Gaulme, Tamatoa Bambridge, Kimberley Peters, and Arthur Dahl. 2021. “Traditional Dimensions of Seabed Resource Management in the Context of Deep Sea Mining in the Pacific : Learning from the Socio-Ecological Interconnectivity between Island Communities and the Ocean Realm.” FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE 8. doi:10.3389/fmars.2021.637938.
Vancouver
1.
Tilot V, Willaert K, Guilloux B, Chen W, Mulalap CY, Gaulme F, et al. Traditional dimensions of seabed resource management in the context of deep sea mining in the Pacific : learning from the socio-ecological interconnectivity between island communities and the ocean realm. FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE. 2021;8.
IEEE
[1]
V. Tilot et al., “Traditional dimensions of seabed resource management in the context of deep sea mining in the Pacific : learning from the socio-ecological interconnectivity between island communities and the ocean realm,” FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE, vol. 8, 2021.
@article{8658827,
  abstract     = {{In many of the Pacific Islands, local communities have long-held cultural and spiritual attachments to the sea, in particular to species and specific marine areas, processes, habitats, islands, and natural seabed formations. Traditional knowledge, customary marine management approaches and integrated relationships between biodiversity,
ecosystems and local communities promote conservation and ensure that marine benefits are reaped in a holistic, sustainable and equitable manner. However, the interaction between local traditional knowledge, contemporary scientific approaches to marine resource management and specific regulatory frameworks has often been
challenging. To some extent, the value of community practices and customary law, which have provided an incentive for regional cooperation and coordination around ocean governance, is acknowledged in several legal systems in the Pacific and a number of regional and international instruments, but this important connection can be further enhanced. In this article we present a science-based overview of the marine habitats that would be affected by deep seabed mining (DSM) along with an analysis of some traditional dimensions and cultural/societal aspects of marine resource management. We then assess whether the applicable legal frameworks at different levels attach sufficient importance to these traditional dimensions and to the human and societal aspects of seabed (mineral) resource management in the region. On basis of this analysis, we identify best practices and formulate recommendations with regard to the
current regulatory frameworks and seabed resource management approaches. Indeed, the policies and practices developed in the Pacific could well serve as a suitable model elsewhere to reconcile commercial, ecological, cultural and social values within the context of deep sea mineral exploitation in addition to sustaining the Human Well-being
and Sustainable Livelihoods (HWSL) of the Pacific communities and the health of the Global Ocean.}},
  articleno    = {{637938}},
  author       = {{Tilot, Virginie and Willaert, Klaas and Guilloux, Bleuenn and Chen, Wenting and Mulalap, Clement Yow and Gaulme, François and Bambridge, Tamatoa and Peters, Kimberley and Dahl, Arthur}},
  issn         = {{2296-7745}},
  journal      = {{FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE}},
  keywords     = {{sustainability,ocean governance,law of the sea,deep sea mining,marine ecology,global change,science-policy-society,human-nature interconnectivity,island communities,ocean connectivity}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  pages        = {{27}},
  title        = {{Traditional dimensions of seabed resource management in the context of deep sea mining in the Pacific : learning from the socio-ecological interconnectivity between island communities and the ocean realm}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2021.637938}},
  volume       = {{8}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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