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Merging top-down and bottom-up influences on fitting in at school : the role of ethnic congruence in overall and interethnic friendship formation

(2020) SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY. 61(3). p.544-566
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Abstract
This study assesses whether ethnic congruence associates with students' share of cross-group friendships and number of overall friendships. We investigate differences between natives, Western-European immigrants, and non-Western European immigrants. Multilevel analyses on 11,759 students across 83 Flemish secondary schools demonstrated that, for natives and Western-European immigrants, higher congruence linearly related to lower shares of cross-group friendships. For non-Western European immigrants we observed a U-curved relationship. Moreover, for the latter, higher congruence associated with more friendships overall. As such, non-Western European immigrants are better integrated in the peer group when at least a critical share of co-ethnics is present at school.
Keywords
Sociology, Ethnic congruence, cross-ethnic friendships, friendships, multilevel research, secondary education, RACIAL COMPOSITION, RACE, STUDENTS, SEGREGATION, DIVERSITY, CLASSROOM, WHITE, INTEGRATION, TRANSITION, IMMIGRANT

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MLA
Demanet, Jannick, et al. “Merging Top-down and Bottom-up Influences on Fitting in at School : The Role of Ethnic Congruence in Overall and Interethnic Friendship Formation.” SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY, vol. 61, no. 3, 2020, pp. 544–66, doi:10.1080/00380253.2019.1711260.
APA
Demanet, J., Van Praag, L., & Van Houtte, M. (2020). Merging top-down and bottom-up influences on fitting in at school : the role of ethnic congruence in overall and interethnic friendship formation. SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY, 61(3), 544–566. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380253.2019.1711260
Chicago author-date
Demanet, Jannick, Lore Van Praag, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2020. “Merging Top-down and Bottom-up Influences on Fitting in at School : The Role of Ethnic Congruence in Overall and Interethnic Friendship Formation.” SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 61 (3): 544–66. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380253.2019.1711260.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Demanet, Jannick, Lore Van Praag, and Mieke Van Houtte. 2020. “Merging Top-down and Bottom-up Influences on Fitting in at School : The Role of Ethnic Congruence in Overall and Interethnic Friendship Formation.” SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY 61 (3): 544–566. doi:10.1080/00380253.2019.1711260.
Vancouver
1.
Demanet J, Van Praag L, Van Houtte M. Merging top-down and bottom-up influences on fitting in at school : the role of ethnic congruence in overall and interethnic friendship formation. SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY. 2020;61(3):544–66.
IEEE
[1]
J. Demanet, L. Van Praag, and M. Van Houtte, “Merging top-down and bottom-up influences on fitting in at school : the role of ethnic congruence in overall and interethnic friendship formation,” SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 544–566, 2020.
@article{8656480,
  abstract     = {This study assesses whether ethnic congruence associates with students' share of cross-group friendships and number of overall friendships. We investigate differences between natives, Western-European immigrants, and non-Western European immigrants. Multilevel analyses on 11,759 students across 83 Flemish secondary schools demonstrated that, for natives and Western-European immigrants, higher congruence linearly related to lower shares of cross-group friendships. For non-Western European immigrants we observed a U-curved relationship. Moreover, for the latter, higher congruence associated with more friendships overall. As such, non-Western European immigrants are better integrated in the peer group when at least a critical share of co-ethnics is present at school.},
  author       = {Demanet, Jannick and Van Praag, Lore and Van Houtte, Mieke},
  issn         = {0038-0253},
  journal      = {SOCIOLOGICAL QUARTERLY},
  keywords     = {Sociology,Ethnic congruence,cross-ethnic friendships,friendships,multilevel research,secondary education,RACIAL COMPOSITION,RACE,STUDENTS,SEGREGATION,DIVERSITY,CLASSROOM,WHITE,INTEGRATION,TRANSITION,IMMIGRANT},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {544--566},
  title        = {Merging top-down and bottom-up influences on fitting in at school : the role of ethnic congruence in overall and interethnic friendship formation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00380253.2019.1711260},
  volume       = {61},
  year         = {2020},
}

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