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Women anaesthesiologists' attitudes and reported barriers to career advancement in anaesthesia: a survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology

(2020) BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA. 124(3). p.E171-E177
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Organization
Abstract
Background: Previous studies have confirmed gender imbalance in anaesthesia leadership. Whether women anaesthesiologists aspire to career advancement has not been reported. This European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) survey explored anaesthesiologists' motivation to advance their careers into leadership positions, and to identify reported barriers to advancement. Methods: ESA members (n=10 033, 5245 men, 3759 women, 1029 undefined) were invited to complete a 25-item, Internet-based survey, and responses were analysed thematically. Results: In total, 3048 ESA members (1706 women, 1342 men, 30% of all members) responded to the survey. The majority were specialists, married or with a partner, and have children; 47% of women and 48% of men wish to pursue a leadership career. Barriers to career promotion noted by women were primarily attributed to work-private time considerations (extra workload and less personal time [84%], responsibility for care of family [65%], lack of part-time work opportunities [67%]), and the shift away from clinical work [59%]). Men respondents indicated the same barriers although the proportions were significantly lower. Considerations related to the partner (lack of support, career development of partner) were last on the list of variables reported by women as barriers. Importantly, many women noted deficiencies in leadership (68%) and research education (55%), and women role models (41%) and self-confidence (44%). Conclusions: This is the largest survey to date of women anaesthesiologists' view on career advancement. Despite the many barriers noted by women, they are as eager as men to assume leadership positions. The survey results help in identifying possible areas for intervention to assist in career development.
Keywords
ACADEMIC ADVANCEMENT, MENTORSHIP, anaesthesia, career development, European Society of Anaesthesiology, gender, leadership, survey, women

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MLA
Matot, Idit, et al. “Women Anaesthesiologists’ Attitudes and Reported Barriers to Career Advancement in Anaesthesia: A Survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA, vol. 124, no. 3, Elsevier Sci Ltd, 2020, pp. E171–77.
APA
Matot, I., De Hert, S., Cohen, B., & Koch, T. (2020). Women anaesthesiologists’ attitudes and reported barriers to career advancement in anaesthesia: a survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA, 124(3), E171–E177.
Chicago author-date
Matot, Idit, Stefan De Hert, Barak Cohen, and Thea Koch. 2020. “Women Anaesthesiologists’ Attitudes and Reported Barriers to Career Advancement in Anaesthesia: A Survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA 124 (3): E171–77.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Matot, Idit, Stefan De Hert, Barak Cohen, and Thea Koch. 2020. “Women Anaesthesiologists’ Attitudes and Reported Barriers to Career Advancement in Anaesthesia: A Survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA 124 (3): E171–E177.
Vancouver
1.
Matot I, De Hert S, Cohen B, Koch T. Women anaesthesiologists’ attitudes and reported barriers to career advancement in anaesthesia: a survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA. 2020;124(3):E171–7.
IEEE
[1]
I. Matot, S. De Hert, B. Cohen, and T. Koch, “Women anaesthesiologists’ attitudes and reported barriers to career advancement in anaesthesia: a survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology,” BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA, vol. 124, no. 3, pp. E171–E177, 2020.
@article{8655008,
  abstract     = {Background: Previous studies have confirmed gender imbalance in anaesthesia leadership. Whether women anaesthesiologists aspire to career advancement has not been reported. This European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) survey explored anaesthesiologists' motivation to advance their careers into leadership positions, and to identify reported barriers to advancement. Methods: ESA members (n=10 033, 5245 men, 3759 women, 1029 undefined) were invited to complete a 25-item, Internet-based survey, and responses were analysed thematically. 
Results: In total, 3048 ESA members (1706 women, 1342 men, 30% of all members) responded to the survey. The majority were specialists, married or with a partner, and have children; 47% of women and 48% of men wish to pursue a leadership career. Barriers to career promotion noted by women were primarily attributed to work-private time considerations (extra workload and less personal time [84%], responsibility for care of family [65%], lack of part-time work opportunities [67%]), and the shift away from clinical work [59%]). Men respondents indicated the same barriers although the proportions were significantly lower. Considerations related to the partner (lack of support, career development of partner) were last on the list of variables reported by women as barriers. Importantly, many women noted deficiencies in leadership (68%) and research education (55%), and women role models (41%) and self-confidence (44%). 
Conclusions: This is the largest survey to date of women anaesthesiologists' view on career advancement. Despite the many barriers noted by women, they are as eager as men to assume leadership positions. The survey results help in identifying possible areas for intervention to assist in career development.},
  author       = {Matot, Idit and De Hert, Stefan and Cohen, Barak and Koch, Thea},
  issn         = {0007-0912},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF ANAESTHESIA},
  keywords     = {ACADEMIC ADVANCEMENT,MENTORSHIP,anaesthesia,career development,European Society of Anaesthesiology,gender,leadership,survey,women},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {E171--E177},
  publisher    = {Elsevier Sci Ltd},
  title        = {Women anaesthesiologists' attitudes and reported barriers to career advancement in anaesthesia: a survey of the European Society of Anaesthesiology},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bja.2020.01.005},
  volume       = {124},
  year         = {2020},
}

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