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Homoacetogenesis and microbial community composition are shaped by pH and total sulfide concentration

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Abstract
Biological CO2 sequestration through acetogenesis with H-2 as electron donor is a promising technology to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Today, a major issue is the presence of impurities such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in CO2 containing gases, as they are known to inhibit acetogenesis in CO2-based fermentations. However, exact values of toxicity and inhibition are not well-defined. To tackle this uncertainty, a series of toxicity experiments were conducted, with a mixed homoacetogenic culture, total dissolved sulfide concentrations ([TDS]) varied between 0 and 5 mM and pH between 5 and 7. The extent of inhibition was evaluated based on acetate production rates and microbial growth. Maximum acetate production rates of 0.12, 0.09 and 0.04 mM h(-1) were achieved in the controls without sulfide at pH 7, pH 6 and pH 5. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50qAc) was 0.86, 1.16 and 1.36 mM [TDS] for pH 7, pH 6 and pH 5. At [TDS] above 3.33 mM, acetate production and microbial growth were completely inhibited at all pHs. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing revealed major community composition transitions that could be attributed to both pH and [TDS]. Based on the observed toxicity levels, treatment approaches for incoming industrial CO2 streams can be determined.

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MLA
Ntagia, Eleftheria, et al. “Homoacetogenesis and Microbial Community Composition Are Shaped by PH and Total Sulfide Concentration.” MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY, 2020.
APA
Ntagia, E., Chatzigiannidou, I., Williamson, A. J., Arends, J., & Rabaey, K. (2020). Homoacetogenesis and microbial community composition are shaped by pH and total sulfide concentration. MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY.
Chicago author-date
Ntagia, Eleftheria, Ioanna Chatzigiannidou, Adam J. Williamson, Jan Arends, and Korneel Rabaey. 2020. “Homoacetogenesis and Microbial Community Composition Are Shaped by PH and Total Sulfide Concentration.” MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Ntagia, Eleftheria, Ioanna Chatzigiannidou, Adam J. Williamson, Jan Arends, and Korneel Rabaey. 2020. “Homoacetogenesis and Microbial Community Composition Are Shaped by PH and Total Sulfide Concentration.” MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY.
Vancouver
1.
Ntagia E, Chatzigiannidou I, Williamson AJ, Arends J, Rabaey K. Homoacetogenesis and microbial community composition are shaped by pH and total sulfide concentration. MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY. 2020;
IEEE
[1]
E. Ntagia, I. Chatzigiannidou, A. J. Williamson, J. Arends, and K. Rabaey, “Homoacetogenesis and microbial community composition are shaped by pH and total sulfide concentration,” MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY, 2020.
@article{8654581,
  abstract     = {Biological CO2 sequestration through acetogenesis with H-2 as electron donor is a promising technology to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Today, a major issue is the presence of impurities such as hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in CO2 containing gases, as they are known to inhibit acetogenesis in CO2-based fermentations. However, exact values of toxicity and inhibition are not well-defined. To tackle this uncertainty, a series of toxicity experiments were conducted, with a mixed homoacetogenic culture, total dissolved sulfide concentrations ([TDS]) varied between 0 and 5 mM and pH between 5 and 7. The extent of inhibition was evaluated based on acetate production rates and microbial growth. Maximum acetate production rates of 0.12, 0.09 and 0.04 mM h(-1) were achieved in the controls without sulfide at pH 7, pH 6 and pH 5. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50qAc) was 0.86, 1.16 and 1.36 mM [TDS] for pH 7, pH 6 and pH 5. At [TDS] above 3.33 mM, acetate production and microbial growth were completely inhibited at all pHs. 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing revealed major community composition transitions that could be attributed to both pH and [TDS]. Based on the observed toxicity levels, treatment approaches for incoming industrial CO2 streams can be determined.},
  author       = {Ntagia, Eleftheria and Chatzigiannidou, Ioanna and Williamson, Adam J. and Arends, Jan and Rabaey, Korneel},
  issn         = {1751-7915},
  journal      = {MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  title        = {Homoacetogenesis and microbial community composition are shaped by pH and total sulfide concentration},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1751-7915.13546},
  year         = {2020},
}

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