Advanced search
1 file | 690.34 KB Add to list

The shared features principle : if two objects share a feature, people assume those objects also share other features

Author
Organization
Abstract
In this article we introduce the shared features principle, which refers to the idea that when 2 stimuli share 1 feature, people often assume that they share other features as well. This principle can be recognized in several known psychological phenomena, most of which were until now never considered to be related in this way. To illustrate the generative power of the principle, we report 8 preregistered studies (n = 1,614) in which participants completed an acquisition phase containing 3 stimuli: a neutral target, a positive source, and a negative source. Our results indicate that behavioral intentions, automatic evaluations, and self-reported ratings of a target object were influenced by the source object with which the target shared a feature. This was even the case when participants were told that there was no relation between source and target objects. Taken together, the shared features principle appears to be general, reliable, and replicable across a range of measures in the attitude domain. We close with a discussion of its theoretical implications, relevance to many areas of psychological science, as well as its heuristic and predictive value.
Keywords
shared features, principle, attitudes, implicit, learning

Downloads

  • Hughes De Houwer Mattavelli Hussey - 2020 - The Shared Features Principle- If Two Objects Share a Feature People Assume Those Objects Also Share Other Features.pdf
    • full text (Accepted manuscript)
    • |
    • open access
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 690.34 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Hughes, Sean Joseph, et al. “The Shared Features Principle : If Two Objects Share a Feature, People Assume Those Objects Also Share Other Features.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL, vol. 149, no. 12, 2020, pp. 2264–88, doi:10.1037/xge0000777.
APA
Hughes, S. J., De Houwer, J., Mattavelli, S., & Hussey, I. (2020). The shared features principle : if two objects share a feature, people assume those objects also share other features. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL, 149(12), 2264–2288. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000777
Chicago author-date
Hughes, Sean Joseph, Jan De Houwer, Simone Mattavelli, and Ian Hussey. 2020. “The Shared Features Principle : If Two Objects Share a Feature, People Assume Those Objects Also Share Other Features.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL 149 (12): 2264–88. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000777.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Hughes, Sean Joseph, Jan De Houwer, Simone Mattavelli, and Ian Hussey. 2020. “The Shared Features Principle : If Two Objects Share a Feature, People Assume Those Objects Also Share Other Features.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL 149 (12): 2264–2288. doi:10.1037/xge0000777.
Vancouver
1.
Hughes SJ, De Houwer J, Mattavelli S, Hussey I. The shared features principle : if two objects share a feature, people assume those objects also share other features. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL. 2020;149(12):2264–88.
IEEE
[1]
S. J. Hughes, J. De Houwer, S. Mattavelli, and I. Hussey, “The shared features principle : if two objects share a feature, people assume those objects also share other features,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL, vol. 149, no. 12, pp. 2264–2288, 2020.
@article{8654128,
  abstract     = {In this article we introduce the shared features principle, which refers to the idea that when 2 stimuli share 1 feature, people often assume that they share other features as well. This principle can be recognized in several known psychological phenomena, most of which were until now never considered to be related in this way. To illustrate the generative power of the principle, we report 8 preregistered studies (n = 1,614) in which participants completed an acquisition phase containing 3 stimuli: a neutral target, a positive source, and a negative source. Our results indicate that behavioral intentions, automatic evaluations, and self-reported ratings of a target object were influenced by the source object with which the target shared a feature. This was even the case when participants were told that there was no relation between source and target objects. Taken together, the shared features principle appears to be general, reliable, and replicable across a range of measures in the attitude domain. We close with a discussion of its theoretical implications, relevance to many areas of psychological science, as well as its heuristic and predictive value.},
  author       = {Hughes, Sean Joseph and De Houwer, Jan and Mattavelli, Simone and Hussey, Ian},
  issn         = {0096-3445},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-GENERAL},
  keywords     = {shared features,principle,attitudes,implicit,learning},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {12},
  pages        = {2264--2288},
  title        = {The shared features principle : if two objects share a feature, people assume those objects also share other features},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000777},
  volume       = {149},
  year         = {2020},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: