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Do both coaches and parents contribute to youth soccer players’ motivation and engagement? An examination of their unique (de)motivating roles

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Abstract
Although much is known about the motivating effects of coaching and parenting, the unique contribution of coaches and parents to youth athletes' motivational functioning received far less attention. While a few studies did look into the simultaneous role of constructive (i.e., need-supportive) coaching and parenting, no study to date simultaneously addressed the undermining role of dysfunctional (i.e., need-thwarting) coaching and parenting practices in athletes' motivation. Therefore, the present study examined associations between both need-supportive and need-thwarting coaching and parenting behaviours and athletes' motivation and engagement, using a cross-sectional design among 255 male youth soccer players (M-age = 13.72) from Belgium. Examined separately, coaching and parenting showed a similar pattern of associations, with need-supportive styles being positively associated with autonomous motivation and engagement and with need-thwarting styles relating positively to amotivation and disengagement. When considered in combination, need-supportive coaching, but not parenting, related positively to soccer players' autonomous motivation and engagement, whereas need-thwarting coaching and parenting related uniquely and positively to amotivation. These findings testify to the importance of distinguishing between need-supportive and need-thwarting styles when examining the unique roles of coaches and parents in athletes' motivation and engagement.
Keywords
Applied Psychology, Social Psychology, Sport motivation, need thwarting, need support, self-determination theory, SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, AUTONOMY SUPPORT, PHYSICAL-EDUCATION, NEED SATISFACTION, PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTROL, SPORT, STUDENTS, CHILDRENS, SCHOOL, ANTECEDENTS

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Citation

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MLA
De Muynck, Gert-Jan, et al. “Do Both Coaches and Parents Contribute to Youth Soccer Players’ Motivation and Engagement? An Examination of Their Unique (de)Motivating Roles.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 19, no. 5, 2021, pp. 761–79, doi:10.1080/1612197x.2020.1739111.
APA
De Muynck, G.-J., Morbée, S., Soenens, B., Haerens, L., Vermeulen, O., Vande Broek, G., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2021). Do both coaches and parents contribute to youth soccer players’ motivation and engagement? An examination of their unique (de)motivating roles. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, 19(5), 761–779. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2020.1739111
Chicago author-date
De Muynck, Gert-Jan, Sofie Morbée, Bart Soenens, Leen Haerens, Ona Vermeulen, Gert Vande Broek, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2021. “Do Both Coaches and Parents Contribute to Youth Soccer Players’ Motivation and Engagement? An Examination of Their Unique (de)Motivating Roles.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY 19 (5): 761–79. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2020.1739111.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
De Muynck, Gert-Jan, Sofie Morbée, Bart Soenens, Leen Haerens, Ona Vermeulen, Gert Vande Broek, and Maarten Vansteenkiste. 2021. “Do Both Coaches and Parents Contribute to Youth Soccer Players’ Motivation and Engagement? An Examination of Their Unique (de)Motivating Roles.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY 19 (5): 761–779. doi:10.1080/1612197x.2020.1739111.
Vancouver
1.
De Muynck G-J, Morbée S, Soenens B, Haerens L, Vermeulen O, Vande Broek G, et al. Do both coaches and parents contribute to youth soccer players’ motivation and engagement? An examination of their unique (de)motivating roles. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY. 2021;19(5):761–79.
IEEE
[1]
G.-J. De Muynck et al., “Do both coaches and parents contribute to youth soccer players’ motivation and engagement? An examination of their unique (de)motivating roles,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 761–779, 2021.
@article{8653901,
  abstract     = {{Although much is known about the motivating effects of coaching and parenting, the unique contribution of coaches and parents to youth athletes' motivational functioning received far less attention. While a few studies did look into the simultaneous role of constructive (i.e., need-supportive) coaching and parenting, no study to date simultaneously addressed the undermining role of dysfunctional (i.e., need-thwarting) coaching and parenting practices in athletes' motivation. Therefore, the present study examined associations between both need-supportive and need-thwarting coaching and parenting behaviours and athletes' motivation and engagement, using a cross-sectional design among 255 male youth soccer players (M-age = 13.72) from Belgium. Examined separately, coaching and parenting showed a similar pattern of associations, with need-supportive styles being positively associated with autonomous motivation and engagement and with need-thwarting styles relating positively to amotivation and disengagement. When considered in combination, need-supportive coaching, but not parenting, related positively to soccer players' autonomous motivation and engagement, whereas need-thwarting coaching and parenting related uniquely and positively to amotivation. These findings testify to the importance of distinguishing between need-supportive and need-thwarting styles when examining the unique roles of coaches and parents in athletes' motivation and engagement.}},
  author       = {{De Muynck, Gert-Jan and Morbée, Sofie and Soenens, Bart and Haerens, Leen and Vermeulen, Ona and Vande Broek, Gert and Vansteenkiste, Maarten}},
  issn         = {{1612-197X}},
  journal      = {{INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY}},
  keywords     = {{Applied Psychology,Social Psychology,Sport motivation,need thwarting,need support,self-determination theory,SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,AUTONOMY SUPPORT,PHYSICAL-EDUCATION,NEED SATISFACTION,PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTROL,SPORT,STUDENTS,CHILDRENS,SCHOOL,ANTECEDENTS}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{5}},
  pages        = {{761--779}},
  title        = {{Do both coaches and parents contribute to youth soccer players’ motivation and engagement? An examination of their unique (de)motivating roles}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2020.1739111}},
  volume       = {{19}},
  year         = {{2021}},
}

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