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Reactions towards asylum seekers in the Netherlands : associations with right-wing ideological attitudes, threat and perceptions of asylum seekers as legitimate and economic

Emma Onraet (UGent) , Alain Van Hiel (UGent) , Barbara Valcke (UGent) and Jasper Van Assche (UGent)
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Abstract
The present study conducted in the Netherlands examines citizen's attitudes towards asylum seekers. We collected data in a large (N = 993) heterogeneous adult sample in November 2015, in the midst of the European “refugee crisis”. Our first aim was to map the reactions of citizens towards asylum seekers. Our second aim was to examine the role of right-wing ideological attitudes (i.e., Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation) in explaining these reactions. With respect to the first research aim, it was revealed that, on average, our respondents were rather unwilling to help asylum seekers. Moreover, respondents were more welcoming towards legitimate asylum seekers (who are on the run from war and violence in their home country) compared to economic asylum seekers. With respect to the second research aim, we found that right-wing attitudes were related to stronger negative reactions towards asylum seekers. Moreover, individuals higher on right-wing ideological attitudes were more likely to perceive asylum seekers as being economic asylum seekers and less as legitimate asylum seekers, which related to stronger feelings of threat and ultimately, to more negative reactions towards asylum seekers.
Keywords
Political Science and International Relations, Geography, Planning and Development, authoritarianism, economic asylum seeker, Netherlands, prejudice, social dominance orientation, threat

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MLA
Onraet, Emma, et al. “Reactions towards Asylum Seekers in the Netherlands : Associations with Right-Wing Ideological Attitudes, Threat and Perceptions of Asylum Seekers as Legitimate and Economic.” JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES, 2020, doi:10.1093/jrs/fez103.
APA
Onraet, E., Van Hiel, A., Valcke, B., & Van Assche, J. (2020). Reactions towards asylum seekers in the Netherlands : associations with right-wing ideological attitudes, threat and perceptions of asylum seekers as legitimate and economic. JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez103
Chicago author-date
Onraet, Emma, Alain Van Hiel, Barbara Valcke, and Jasper Van Assche. 2020. “Reactions towards Asylum Seekers in the Netherlands : Associations with Right-Wing Ideological Attitudes, Threat and Perceptions of Asylum Seekers as Legitimate and Economic.” JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez103.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Onraet, Emma, Alain Van Hiel, Barbara Valcke, and Jasper Van Assche. 2020. “Reactions towards Asylum Seekers in the Netherlands : Associations with Right-Wing Ideological Attitudes, Threat and Perceptions of Asylum Seekers as Legitimate and Economic.” JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES. doi:10.1093/jrs/fez103.
Vancouver
1.
Onraet E, Van Hiel A, Valcke B, Van Assche J. Reactions towards asylum seekers in the Netherlands : associations with right-wing ideological attitudes, threat and perceptions of asylum seekers as legitimate and economic. JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES. 2020;
IEEE
[1]
E. Onraet, A. Van Hiel, B. Valcke, and J. Van Assche, “Reactions towards asylum seekers in the Netherlands : associations with right-wing ideological attitudes, threat and perceptions of asylum seekers as legitimate and economic,” JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES, 2020.
@article{8653328,
  abstract     = {{The present study conducted in the Netherlands examines citizen's attitudes towards asylum seekers. We collected data in a large (N = 993) heterogeneous adult sample in November 2015, in the midst of the European “refugee crisis”. Our first aim was to map the reactions of citizens towards asylum seekers. Our second aim was to examine the role of right-wing ideological attitudes (i.e., Right-Wing Authoritarianism and Social Dominance Orientation) in explaining these reactions. With respect to the first research aim, it was revealed that, on average, our respondents were rather unwilling to help asylum seekers. Moreover, respondents were more welcoming towards legitimate asylum seekers (who are on the run from war and violence in their home country) compared to economic asylum seekers. With respect to the second research aim, we found that right-wing attitudes were related to stronger negative reactions towards asylum seekers. Moreover, individuals higher on right-wing ideological attitudes were more likely to perceive asylum seekers as being economic asylum seekers and less as legitimate asylum seekers, which related to stronger feelings of threat and ultimately, to more negative reactions towards asylum seekers.}},
  author       = {{Onraet, Emma and Van Hiel, Alain and Valcke, Barbara and Van Assche, Jasper}},
  issn         = {{0951-6328}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES}},
  keywords     = {{Political Science and International Relations,Geography,Planning and Development,authoritarianism,economic asylum seeker,Netherlands,prejudice,social dominance orientation,threat}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  title        = {{Reactions towards asylum seekers in the Netherlands : associations with right-wing ideological attitudes, threat and perceptions of asylum seekers as legitimate and economic}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez103}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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