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Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia spp., Echinococcus spp., Schistosoma spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review

Ganna Saelens (UGent) and Sarah Gabriël (UGent)
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Abstract
<jats:p>An increasing global focus on neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) has resulted in the set up of numerous control and elimination activities worldwide. This is partly true for Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis, the most important foodborne parasitic infection. Despite substantial progress, adequate monitoring and surveillance (M&amp;S) are required to sustain a status of control/elimination. This is often lacking, especially for T. solium. Therefore, the objective was to conduct a systematic literature review of the currently available M&amp;S systems at the control/elimination stage of the four top-ranked helminth NTDs. Specifically, Taenia spp., Echinococcus spp., Schistosoma spp., and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) were considered to determine if there are any similarities between their M&amp;S systems and whether certain approaches can be adopted from each other. The systematic review demonstrated that rigorous M&amp;S systems have been designed for the control/elimination stage of both STHs and schistosomiasis, particularly in China. On the other hand, a concept of M&amp;S for Taenia spp. and Echinococcus spp. has not been fully developed yet, due to a lack of epidemiological data and the fact that many endemic countries are far away from reaching control/elimination. Moreover, accurate diagnostic tools for all four diseases are still imperfect, which complicates proper M&amp;S. Finally, there is an urgent need to develop and harmonize/standardize M&amp;S activities in order to reliably determine and compare the epidemiological situation worldwide.</jats:p>

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MLA
Saelens, Ganna, and Sarah Gabriël. “Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia Spp., Echinococcus Spp., Schistosoma Spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review.” Pathogens, 2020.
APA
Saelens, G., & Gabriël, S. (2020). Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia spp., Echinococcus spp., Schistosoma spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review. Pathogens.
Chicago author-date
Saelens, Ganna, and Sarah Gabriël. 2020. “Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia Spp., Echinococcus Spp., Schistosoma Spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review.” Pathogens.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Saelens, Ganna, and Sarah Gabriël. 2020. “Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia Spp., Echinococcus Spp., Schistosoma Spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review.” Pathogens.
Vancouver
1.
Saelens G, Gabriël S. Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia spp., Echinococcus spp., Schistosoma spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review. Pathogens. 2020;
IEEE
[1]
G. Saelens and S. Gabriël, “Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia spp., Echinococcus spp., Schistosoma spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review,” Pathogens, 2020.
@article{8653195,
  abstract     = {<jats:p>An increasing global focus on neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) has resulted in the set up of numerous control and elimination activities worldwide. This is partly true for Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis, the most important foodborne parasitic infection. Despite substantial progress, adequate monitoring and surveillance (M&amp;S) are required to sustain a status of control/elimination. This is often lacking, especially for T. solium. Therefore, the objective was to conduct a systematic literature review of the currently available M&amp;S systems at the control/elimination stage of the four top-ranked helminth NTDs. Specifically, Taenia spp., Echinococcus spp., Schistosoma spp., and soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) were considered to determine if there are any similarities between their M&amp;S systems and whether certain approaches can be adopted from each other. The systematic review demonstrated that rigorous M&amp;S systems have been designed for the control/elimination stage of both STHs and schistosomiasis, particularly in China. On the other hand, a concept of M&amp;S for Taenia spp. and Echinococcus spp. has not been fully developed yet, due to a lack of epidemiological data and the fact that many endemic countries are far away from reaching control/elimination. Moreover, accurate diagnostic tools for all four diseases are still imperfect, which complicates proper M&amp;S. Finally, there is an urgent need to develop and harmonize/standardize M&amp;S activities in order to reliably determine and compare the epidemiological situation worldwide.</jats:p>},
  articleno    = {47},
  author       = {Saelens, Ganna and Gabriël, Sarah},
  issn         = {2076-0817},
  journal      = {Pathogens},
  language     = {eng},
  title        = {Currently Available Monitoring and Surveillance Systems for Taenia spp., Echinococcus spp., Schistosoma spp., and Soil-Transmitted Helminths at the Control/Elimination Stage: A Systematic Review},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9010047},
  year         = {2020},
}

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