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Aquaculture production and its environmental sustainability in Thailand : challenges and potential solutions

(2020) SUSTAINABILITY. 12(5).
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Abstract
Though aquaculture plays an important role in providing foods and healthy diets, there are concerns regarding the environmental sustainability of prevailing practices. This study examines the trends and changes in fisheries originating from aquaculture production in Thailand and provides insights into such production’s environmental impacts and sustainability. Together with an extensive literature review, we investigated a time series of Thai aquaculture production data from 1995 to 2015. Overall, Thai aquaculture production has significantly increased during the last few decades and significantly contributed to socio-economic development. Estimates of total aquaculture production in Thailand have gradually grown from around 0.6 to 0.9 million tons over the last twenty years. Farmed shrimp is the main animal aquatic product, accounting for an estimated 40% of total yields of aquaculture production, closely followed by fish (38%) and mollusk (22%). Estimates over the past decades indicate that around 199470 ha of land is used for aquaculture farming. Out of the total area, 61% is used for freshwater farms, and 39% is used for coastal farms. However, this industry has contributed to environmental degradation, such as habitat destruction, water pollution, and ecological effects. Effective management strategies are urgently needed to minimize the environmental impacts of aquaculture and to ensure it maximally contributes to planetary health. Innovative and practical solutions that rely on diverse technology inputs and smart market-based management approaches that are designed for environmentally friendly aquaculture farming can be the basis for viable long-term solutions for the future.
Keywords
aquaculture production, sustainability, environment, Thailand, FISH, BIODIVERSITY, NUTRITION, SHRIMP, OPPORTUNITIES, TECHNOLOGY, MANAGEMENT, FISHERIES, ECOLOGY, FOOD

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Citation

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MLA
Sampantamit, Tiptiwa, et al. “Aquaculture Production and Its Environmental Sustainability in Thailand : Challenges and Potential Solutions.” SUSTAINABILITY, vol. 12, no. 5, 2020, doi:10.3390/su12052010.
APA
Sampantamit, T., Ho, L. T., Lachat, C., Sutummawong, N., Sorgeloos, P., & Goethals, P. (2020). Aquaculture production and its environmental sustainability in Thailand : challenges and potential solutions. SUSTAINABILITY, 12(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052010
Chicago author-date
Sampantamit, Tiptiwa, Long Tuan Ho, Carl Lachat, Nantida Sutummawong, Patrick Sorgeloos, and Peter Goethals. 2020. “Aquaculture Production and Its Environmental Sustainability in Thailand : Challenges and Potential Solutions.” SUSTAINABILITY 12 (5). https://doi.org/10.3390/su12052010.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Sampantamit, Tiptiwa, Long Tuan Ho, Carl Lachat, Nantida Sutummawong, Patrick Sorgeloos, and Peter Goethals. 2020. “Aquaculture Production and Its Environmental Sustainability in Thailand : Challenges and Potential Solutions.” SUSTAINABILITY 12 (5). doi:10.3390/su12052010.
Vancouver
1.
Sampantamit T, Ho LT, Lachat C, Sutummawong N, Sorgeloos P, Goethals P. Aquaculture production and its environmental sustainability in Thailand : challenges and potential solutions. SUSTAINABILITY. 2020;12(5).
IEEE
[1]
T. Sampantamit, L. T. Ho, C. Lachat, N. Sutummawong, P. Sorgeloos, and P. Goethals, “Aquaculture production and its environmental sustainability in Thailand : challenges and potential solutions,” SUSTAINABILITY, vol. 12, no. 5, 2020.
@article{8652454,
  abstract     = {{Though aquaculture plays an important role in providing foods and healthy diets, there are concerns regarding the environmental sustainability of prevailing practices. This study examines the trends and changes in fisheries originating from aquaculture production in Thailand and provides insights into such production’s environmental impacts and sustainability. Together with an extensive literature review, we investigated a time series of Thai aquaculture production data from 1995 to 2015. Overall, Thai aquaculture production has significantly increased during the last few decades and significantly contributed to socio-economic development. Estimates of total aquaculture production in Thailand have gradually grown from around 0.6 to 0.9 million tons over the last twenty years. Farmed shrimp is the main animal aquatic product, accounting for an estimated 40% of total yields of aquaculture production, closely followed by fish (38%) and mollusk (22%). Estimates over the past decades indicate that around 199470 ha of land is used for aquaculture farming. Out of the total area, 61% is used for freshwater farms, and 39% is used for coastal farms. However, this industry has contributed to environmental degradation, such as habitat destruction, water pollution, and ecological effects. Effective management strategies are urgently needed to minimize the environmental impacts of aquaculture and to ensure it maximally contributes to planetary health. Innovative and practical solutions that rely on diverse technology inputs and smart market-based management approaches that are designed for environmentally friendly aquaculture farming can be the basis for viable long-term solutions for the future.}},
  articleno    = {{2010}},
  author       = {{Sampantamit, Tiptiwa and Ho, Long Tuan and Lachat, Carl and Sutummawong, Nantida and Sorgeloos, Patrick and Goethals, Peter}},
  issn         = {{2071-1050}},
  journal      = {{SUSTAINABILITY}},
  keywords     = {{aquaculture production,sustainability,environment,Thailand,FISH,BIODIVERSITY,NUTRITION,SHRIMP,OPPORTUNITIES,TECHNOLOGY,MANAGEMENT,FISHERIES,ECOLOGY,FOOD}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{5}},
  pages        = {{17}},
  title        = {{Aquaculture production and its environmental sustainability in Thailand : challenges and potential solutions}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su12052010}},
  volume       = {{12}},
  year         = {{2020}},
}

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