Advanced search
1 file | 831.70 KB Add to list

Relational processing demands and the role of spatial context in the construction of episodic simulations

Author
Organization
Abstract
Reports on differences between remembering the past and imagining the future have led to the hypothesis that constructing future events is a more cognitively demanding process. However, factors that influence these increased demands, such as whether the event has been previously constructed and the types of details comprising the event, have remained relatively unexplored. Across two experiments, we examined how these factors influence the process of constructing event representations by having participants repeatedly construct events and measuring how construction times and a range of phenomenological ratings changed across time points. In Experiment 1, we contrasted the construction of past and future events and found that, relative to past events, the constructive demands associated with future events are particularly heightened when these events are imagined for the first time. Across repeated simulations, future events became increasingly similar to past events in terms of construction times and incorporated detail. In Experiment 2, participants imagined future events involving two memory details (person, location) and then reimagined the event either (a) exactly the same, (b) with a different person, or (c) in a different location. We predicted that if generating spatial information is particularly important for event construction, a change in location will have the greatest impact on constructive demands. Results showed that spatial context contributed to these heightened constructive demands more so than person details, consistent with theories highlighting the central role of spatial processing in episodic simulation. We discuss the findings from both studies in the light of relational processing demands and consider implications for current theoretical frameworks.
Keywords
Linguistics and Language, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology, Language and Linguistics, autobiographical memory, future thinking, scene construction, Bayesian modeling, MENTAL TIME-TRAVEL, FUTURE THINKING, AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY, EVENTS, SELF, PHENOMENOLOGY, PLAUSIBILITY, PROSPECTION, PATTERNS, IMAGINE

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text (Published version)
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 831.70 KB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Wiebels, Kristina, et al. “Relational Processing Demands and the Role of Spatial Context in the Construction of Episodic Simulations.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION, vol. 46, no. 8, 2020, pp. 1424–41, doi:10.1037/xlm0000831.
APA
Wiebels, K., Addis, D. R., Moreau, D., van Mulukom, V., Onderdijk, K. E., & Roberts, R. P. (2020). Relational processing demands and the role of spatial context in the construction of episodic simulations. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION, 46(8), 1424–1441. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000831
Chicago author-date
Wiebels, Kristina, Donna Rose Addis, David Moreau, Valerie van Mulukom, Kelsey E. Onderdijk, and Reece P. Roberts. 2020. “Relational Processing Demands and the Role of Spatial Context in the Construction of Episodic Simulations.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 46 (8): 1424–41. https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000831.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Wiebels, Kristina, Donna Rose Addis, David Moreau, Valerie van Mulukom, Kelsey E. Onderdijk, and Reece P. Roberts. 2020. “Relational Processing Demands and the Role of Spatial Context in the Construction of Episodic Simulations.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 46 (8): 1424–1441. doi:10.1037/xlm0000831.
Vancouver
1.
Wiebels K, Addis DR, Moreau D, van Mulukom V, Onderdijk KE, Roberts RP. Relational processing demands and the role of spatial context in the construction of episodic simulations. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION. 2020;46(8):1424–41.
IEEE
[1]
K. Wiebels, D. R. Addis, D. Moreau, V. van Mulukom, K. E. Onderdijk, and R. P. Roberts, “Relational processing demands and the role of spatial context in the construction of episodic simulations,” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 1424–1441, 2020.
@article{8651493,
  abstract     = {Reports on differences between remembering the past and imagining the future have led to the hypothesis that constructing future events is a more cognitively demanding process. However, factors that influence these increased demands, such as whether the event has been previously constructed and the types of details comprising the event, have remained relatively unexplored. Across two experiments, we examined how these factors influence the process of constructing event representations by having participants repeatedly construct events and measuring how construction times and a range of phenomenological ratings changed across time points. In Experiment 1, we contrasted the construction of past and future events and found that, relative to past events, the constructive demands associated with future events are particularly heightened when these events are imagined for the first time. Across repeated simulations, future events became increasingly similar to past events in terms of construction times and incorporated detail. In Experiment 2, participants imagined future events involving two memory details (person, location) and then reimagined the event either (a) exactly the same, (b) with a different person, or (c) in a different location. We predicted that if generating spatial information is particularly important for event construction, a change in location will have the greatest impact on constructive demands. Results showed that spatial context contributed to these heightened constructive demands more so than person details, consistent with theories highlighting the central role of spatial processing in episodic simulation. We discuss the findings from both studies in the light of relational processing demands and consider implications for current theoretical frameworks.},
  author       = {Wiebels, Kristina and Addis, Donna Rose and Moreau, David and van Mulukom, Valerie and Onderdijk, Kelsey E. and Roberts, Reece P.},
  issn         = {0278-7393},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION},
  keywords     = {Linguistics and Language,Experimental and Cognitive Psychology,Language and Linguistics,autobiographical memory,future thinking,scene construction,Bayesian modeling,MENTAL TIME-TRAVEL,FUTURE THINKING,AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY,EVENTS,SELF,PHENOMENOLOGY,PLAUSIBILITY,PROSPECTION,PATTERNS,IMAGINE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1424--1441},
  title        = {Relational processing demands and the role of spatial context in the construction of episodic simulations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000831},
  volume       = {46},
  year         = {2020},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: