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Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age : the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936

(2019) BMC GERIATRICS. 19(1).
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Abstract
BACKGROUND: While the associations between personality traits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studies have examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behaviour are known risk factors for poorer health outcomes in older age. METHODS: We used device-based measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour recorded over 7 days in 271 79-year-old participants of the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. Linear regression models were used to assess whether personality traits were cross-sectionally associated with step count, sedentary time, and the number of sit-to-stand transitions. Personality traits were entered one at a time, and all-together, controlling for age and sex in Model 1 and additionally for BMI and limiting long-term illness in Model 2. RESULTS: None of the associations between personality traits and measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviours remained significant after controlling for multiple-comparisons using the False Discovery Rate test (all ps > .07). CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that personality traits are associated with device-based measures of physical activity or sedentary behaviour in older age. More studies are needed to replicate and examine the nature of these relationships.
Keywords
Device-based measures, Physical activity, Sedentary behaviour, activPAL, Personality traits, Older age, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, SITTING TIME, MORTALITY, METAANALYSIS, ADULTS, RISK

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MLA
Čukić, Iva, et al. “Cross-Sectional Associations between Personality Traits and Device-Based Measures of Step Count and Sedentary Behaviour in Older Age : The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936.” BMC GERIATRICS, vol. 19, no. 1, 2019.
APA
Čukić, I., Gale, C., Chastin, S., Dall, P., Dontje, M., Skelton, D., & Deary, I. (2019). Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age : the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. BMC GERIATRICS, 19(1).
Chicago author-date
Čukić, Iva, Catharine Gale, Sebastien Chastin, Philippa Dall, Manon Dontje, Dawn Skelton, and Ian Deary. 2019. “Cross-Sectional Associations between Personality Traits and Device-Based Measures of Step Count and Sedentary Behaviour in Older Age : The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936.” BMC GERIATRICS 19 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Čukić, Iva, Catharine Gale, Sebastien Chastin, Philippa Dall, Manon Dontje, Dawn Skelton, and Ian Deary. 2019. “Cross-Sectional Associations between Personality Traits and Device-Based Measures of Step Count and Sedentary Behaviour in Older Age : The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936.” BMC GERIATRICS 19 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Čukić I, Gale C, Chastin S, Dall P, Dontje M, Skelton D, et al. Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age : the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. BMC GERIATRICS. 2019;19(1).
IEEE
[1]
I. Čukić et al., “Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age : the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936,” BMC GERIATRICS, vol. 19, no. 1, 2019.
@article{8650729,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: While the associations between personality traits and self-reported physical activity are well replicated, few studies have examined the associations between personality and device-based measures of both physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behaviour are known risk factors for poorer health outcomes in older age.
METHODS: We used device-based measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour recorded over 7 days in 271 79-year-old participants of the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936. Linear regression models were used to assess whether personality traits were cross-sectionally associated with step count, sedentary time, and the number of sit-to-stand transitions. Personality traits were entered one at a time, and all-together, controlling for age and sex in Model 1 and additionally for BMI and limiting long-term illness in Model 2.
RESULTS: None of the associations between personality traits and measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviours remained significant after controlling for multiple-comparisons using the False Discovery Rate test (all ps > .07).
CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that personality traits are associated with device-based measures of physical activity or sedentary behaviour in older age. More studies are needed to replicate and examine the nature of these relationships.},
  articleno    = {302},
  author       = {Čukić, Iva and Gale, Catharine and Chastin, Sebastien and Dall, Philippa and Dontje, Manon and Skelton, Dawn and Deary, Ian},
  issn         = {1471-2318},
  journal      = {BMC GERIATRICS},
  keywords     = {Device-based measures,Physical activity,Sedentary behaviour,activPAL,Personality traits,Older age,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE,SITTING TIME,MORTALITY,METAANALYSIS,ADULTS,RISK},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {Cross-sectional associations between personality traits and device-based measures of step count and sedentary behaviour in older age : the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12877-019-1328-3},
  volume       = {19},
  year         = {2019},
}

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