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Sedentary behaviour is associated with depression symptoms : compositional data analysis from a representative sample of 3233 US adults and older adults assessed with accelerometers

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Abstract
BACKGROUND: Evidence supporting the individual associations of sedentary behaviours with depression symptoms commonly ignores the inherent co-dependency between physical activity, sedentary behaviours and sleep in a given 24-hour period. Data analysis based on compositional methods effectively deals with this issue. AIM: To investigate the association between sedentary behaviour and depression symptoms synergistically using compositional analysis methods. METHODS: Participants were a representative sample of 3233 US adults and older adults from the 2005-2006 cycle of the NHANES with valid 24-hour lifestyle behaviours data (i.e., accelerometer-derived physical activity and sedentary behaviour and self-reported sleep) and available self-reported depression symptoms (PHQ-9). The association between sedentary behaviour and depression symptoms scoring was investigated using a compositional zero-inflated Poisson regression analysis. Subsequently, the model estimates were used to evaluate the effects on depression symptoms of replacing time spent in sitting activities with physical activity of different intensities and sleep. LIMITATIONS: The current study is limited by its cross-sectional design. Also, sleep time was self-reported, which could bias our estimations. RESULTS: Increased sedentary behaviour relative to other behaviours was statistically significantly associated with increased depression symptoms (p < 0.001). Reallocating 60 min time from sedentary behaviours to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep was associated with small reductions in depression symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: A synergistic compositional analysis of accelerometer data uncovered a detrimental association between sedentary behaviour and depression symptoms. These results add to evidence from previous studies. The observed association seems to be principally driven by corresponding reductions in MVPA and sleep duration.
Keywords
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, SLEEP DURATION, TIME, MORTALITY, RISK, Sitting time, Time use, Depression disorders, Compositional data analysis

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MLA
del Pozo Cruz, Borja, et al. “Sedentary Behaviour Is Associated with Depression Symptoms : Compositional Data Analysis from a Representative Sample of 3233 US Adults and Older Adults Assessed with Accelerometers.” JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, vol. 265, 2020, pp. 59–62, doi:10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.023.
APA
del Pozo Cruz, B., Alfonso-Rosa, R. M., McGregor, D., Chastin, S., Palarea-Albaladejo, J., & del Pozo Cruz, J. (2020). Sedentary behaviour is associated with depression symptoms : compositional data analysis from a representative sample of 3233 US adults and older adults assessed with accelerometers. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, 265, 59–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.023
Chicago author-date
Pozo Cruz, Borja del, Rosa M Alfonso-Rosa, Duncan McGregor, Sebastien Chastin, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, and Jesus del Pozo Cruz. 2020. “Sedentary Behaviour Is Associated with Depression Symptoms : Compositional Data Analysis from a Representative Sample of 3233 US Adults and Older Adults Assessed with Accelerometers.” JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 265: 59–62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.023.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
del Pozo Cruz, Borja, Rosa M Alfonso-Rosa, Duncan McGregor, Sebastien Chastin, Javier Palarea-Albaladejo, and Jesus del Pozo Cruz. 2020. “Sedentary Behaviour Is Associated with Depression Symptoms : Compositional Data Analysis from a Representative Sample of 3233 US Adults and Older Adults Assessed with Accelerometers.” JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 265: 59–62. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.023.
Vancouver
1.
del Pozo Cruz B, Alfonso-Rosa RM, McGregor D, Chastin S, Palarea-Albaladejo J, del Pozo Cruz J. Sedentary behaviour is associated with depression symptoms : compositional data analysis from a representative sample of 3233 US adults and older adults assessed with accelerometers. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS. 2020;265:59–62.
IEEE
[1]
B. del Pozo Cruz, R. M. Alfonso-Rosa, D. McGregor, S. Chastin, J. Palarea-Albaladejo, and J. del Pozo Cruz, “Sedentary behaviour is associated with depression symptoms : compositional data analysis from a representative sample of 3233 US adults and older adults assessed with accelerometers,” JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS, vol. 265, pp. 59–62, 2020.
@article{8650725,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: Evidence supporting the individual associations of sedentary behaviours with depression symptoms commonly ignores the inherent co-dependency between physical activity, sedentary behaviours and sleep in a given 24-hour period. Data analysis based on compositional methods effectively deals with this issue.
AIM: To investigate the association between sedentary behaviour and depression symptoms synergistically using compositional analysis methods.
METHODS: Participants were a representative sample of 3233 US adults and older adults from the 2005-2006 cycle of the NHANES with valid 24-hour lifestyle behaviours data (i.e., accelerometer-derived physical activity and sedentary behaviour and self-reported sleep) and available self-reported depression symptoms (PHQ-9). The association between sedentary behaviour and depression symptoms scoring was investigated using a compositional zero-inflated Poisson regression analysis. Subsequently, the model estimates were used to evaluate the effects on depression symptoms of replacing time spent in sitting activities with physical activity of different intensities and sleep.
LIMITATIONS: The current study is limited by its cross-sectional design. Also, sleep time was self-reported, which could bias our estimations.
RESULTS: Increased sedentary behaviour relative to other behaviours was statistically significantly associated with increased depression symptoms (p < 0.001). Reallocating 60 min time from sedentary behaviours to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep was associated with small reductions in depression symptoms.
CONCLUSIONS: A synergistic compositional analysis of accelerometer data uncovered a detrimental association between sedentary behaviour and depression symptoms. These results add to evidence from previous studies. The observed association seems to be principally driven by corresponding reductions in MVPA and sleep duration.},
  author       = {del Pozo Cruz, Borja and Alfonso-Rosa, Rosa M and McGregor, Duncan and Chastin, Sebastien and Palarea-Albaladejo, Javier and del Pozo Cruz, Jesus},
  issn         = {0165-0327},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS},
  keywords     = {PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,SLEEP DURATION,TIME,MORTALITY,RISK,Sitting time,Time use,Depression disorders,Compositional data analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {59--62},
  title        = {Sedentary behaviour is associated with depression symptoms : compositional data analysis from a representative sample of 3233 US adults and older adults assessed with accelerometers},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.01.023},
  volume       = {265},
  year         = {2020},
}

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