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Glucose and glycogen levels in piglets that differ in birth weight and vitality

(2019) HELIYON. 5(9).
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Abstract
In the pig, intrauterine crowding can greatly affect postnatal characteristics, among which birth weight and locomotion. In a previous study, we discovered that piglets with a low birth weight/low vitality (L piglets) have a reduced motor performance compared to piglets with a normal birth weight/normal vitality (N piglets). A possible explanation is that L piglets lack the energy to increase their motor performance to the level of that of N piglets. Blood glucose levels (GLU) and glycogen concentrations in skeletal muscle of the front (GLYFRONT) and hind leg (GLYHIND) and the liver (GLYLIVER) at birth and during the first 96 h postpartum were compared between L and N piglets. GLU at birth was the same for both groups. After birth, GLU immediately increased in N piglets, whereas it only increased after 8 h in L piglets. L piglets showed a lower GLYHIND at birth and did not use this glycogen during the first 8 h postpartum, while N piglets showed a gradual depletion. GLYLIVER at birth was 50% lower for L piglets and was unused during the studied period while N piglets consumed half of their GLYLIVER during the first 8 h. Based on these results, it is possible that lower glycogen concentrations at birth, the delayed increase in GLU and the lower use of glycogen during the first 8 h after birth negatively affect motor performance in L piglets. However, based on this study, it is unclear whether the low mobilization of glycogen by L piglets is a consequence, rather than a cause of their lower motor performance.
Keywords
Animal nutrition, Animal product, Livestock management, Veterinary medicine, Sus scrofa, Energy, Skeletal muscle, Liver, Intrauterine crowding, GROUND REACTION FORCE, BODY-COMPOSITION, COLOSTRUM INTAKE, SKELETAL-MUSCLE, NEONATAL PIG, ENERGY-METABOLISM, NEWBORN PIGS, FETAL, SIZE, RAT

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Citation

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MLA
Vanden Hole, Charlotte, et al. “Glucose and Glycogen Levels in Piglets That Differ in Birth Weight and Vitality.” HELIYON, vol. 5, no. 9, 2019, doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02510.
APA
Vanden Hole, C., Ayuso, M., Aerts, P., Prims, S., Van Cruchten, S., & Van Ginneken, C. (2019). Glucose and glycogen levels in piglets that differ in birth weight and vitality. HELIYON, 5(9). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02510
Chicago author-date
Vanden Hole, Charlotte, Miriam Ayuso, Peter Aerts, Sara Prims, Steven Van Cruchten, and Chris Van Ginneken. 2019. “Glucose and Glycogen Levels in Piglets That Differ in Birth Weight and Vitality.” HELIYON 5 (9). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02510.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Vanden Hole, Charlotte, Miriam Ayuso, Peter Aerts, Sara Prims, Steven Van Cruchten, and Chris Van Ginneken. 2019. “Glucose and Glycogen Levels in Piglets That Differ in Birth Weight and Vitality.” HELIYON 5 (9). doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02510.
Vancouver
1.
Vanden Hole C, Ayuso M, Aerts P, Prims S, Van Cruchten S, Van Ginneken C. Glucose and glycogen levels in piglets that differ in birth weight and vitality. HELIYON. 2019;5(9).
IEEE
[1]
C. Vanden Hole, M. Ayuso, P. Aerts, S. Prims, S. Van Cruchten, and C. Van Ginneken, “Glucose and glycogen levels in piglets that differ in birth weight and vitality,” HELIYON, vol. 5, no. 9, 2019.
@article{8649637,
  abstract     = {{In the pig, intrauterine crowding can greatly affect postnatal characteristics, among which birth weight and locomotion. In a previous study, we discovered that piglets with a low birth weight/low vitality (L piglets) have a reduced motor performance compared to piglets with a normal birth weight/normal vitality (N piglets). A possible explanation is that L piglets lack the energy to increase their motor performance to the level of that of N piglets. Blood glucose levels (GLU) and glycogen concentrations in skeletal muscle of the front (GLYFRONT) and hind leg (GLYHIND) and the liver (GLYLIVER) at birth and during the first 96 h postpartum were compared between L and N piglets. GLU at birth was the same for both groups. After birth, GLU immediately increased in N piglets, whereas it only increased after 8 h in L piglets. L piglets showed a lower GLYHIND at birth and did not use this glycogen during the first 8 h postpartum, while N piglets showed a gradual depletion. GLYLIVER at birth was 50% lower for L piglets and was unused during the studied period while N piglets consumed half of their GLYLIVER during the first 8 h. Based on these results, it is possible that lower glycogen concentrations at birth, the delayed increase in GLU and the lower use of glycogen during the first 8 h after birth negatively affect motor performance in L piglets. However, based on this study, it is unclear whether the low mobilization of glycogen by L piglets is a consequence, rather than a cause of their lower motor performance.}},
  articleno    = {{e02510}},
  author       = {{Vanden Hole, Charlotte and Ayuso, Miriam and Aerts, Peter and Prims, Sara and Van Cruchten, Steven and Van Ginneken, Chris}},
  issn         = {{2405-8440}},
  journal      = {{HELIYON}},
  keywords     = {{Animal nutrition,Animal product,Livestock management,Veterinary medicine,Sus scrofa,Energy,Skeletal muscle,Liver,Intrauterine crowding,GROUND REACTION FORCE,BODY-COMPOSITION,COLOSTRUM INTAKE,SKELETAL-MUSCLE,NEONATAL PIG,ENERGY-METABOLISM,NEWBORN PIGS,FETAL,SIZE,RAT}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{9}},
  pages        = {{7}},
  title        = {{Glucose and glycogen levels in piglets that differ in birth weight and vitality}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02510}},
  volume       = {{5}},
  year         = {{2019}},
}

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