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Political ethnic stereotypes and the underrepresentation of ethnic minority men : a survey experiment among local party leaders in Flanders

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Abstract
The underrepresentation of ethnic minorities is gender-skewed as ethnic minority men are outnumbered by ethnic minority women in many contemporary Western-European democracies, both on the ballot lists and in parliaments. This gendered imbalance is often explained by the electoral threat ethnic minority men pose to white male incumbents and the stronger association with negative consequences of immigration (e.g., terrorism) in both party selectors’ and voters’ minds. However, little is known on how they are evaluated in terms of politically relevant qualities such as ideological position, competence and integrity as compared to majority aspirants. Such knowledge is crucial for a better understanding about which barriers impede ethnic minority men from being presented in politics. I have conducted one of the first attempts to fill this lacuna by setting up a survey experiment among Flemish local party chairs, being the most dominant actors in the local selection process. Each local party chair had to evaluate one majority and one minority male hypothetical aspirant which were randomly assigned a high or low socio-economic status (SES). The results point towards the presence of strong ideological ethnic stereotypes as ethnic minority aspirants are perceived as more leftist than their majority counterparts, regardless of their SES. Competence and integrity stereotypes are instead driven by aspirants’ SES, as aspirants with a high SES score higher on both dimensions, regardless of their ethnicity. Having a high SES also significantly increases the chances that an aspirant is nominated as a candidate, whereas ethnicity does not have a significant effect.
Keywords
ethnic representation, political stereotypes, survey experiment, candidate selection

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MLA
Van Trappen, Sigrid. “Political Ethnic Stereotypes and the Underrepresentation of Ethnic Minority Men : A Survey Experiment among Local Party Leaders in Flanders.” ECPR General Conference 2019, Proceedings, European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR), 2019.
APA
Van Trappen, S. (2019). Political ethnic stereotypes and the underrepresentation of ethnic minority men : a survey experiment among local party leaders in Flanders. In ECPR General Conference 2019, Proceedings. Wroclaw (Poland): European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR).
Chicago author-date
Van Trappen, Sigrid. 2019. “Political Ethnic Stereotypes and the Underrepresentation of Ethnic Minority Men : A Survey Experiment among Local Party Leaders in Flanders.” In ECPR General Conference 2019, Proceedings. European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Trappen, Sigrid. 2019. “Political Ethnic Stereotypes and the Underrepresentation of Ethnic Minority Men : A Survey Experiment among Local Party Leaders in Flanders.” In ECPR General Conference 2019, Proceedings. European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR).
Vancouver
1.
Van Trappen S. Political ethnic stereotypes and the underrepresentation of ethnic minority men : a survey experiment among local party leaders in Flanders. In: ECPR General Conference 2019, Proceedings. European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR); 2019.
IEEE
[1]
S. Van Trappen, “Political ethnic stereotypes and the underrepresentation of ethnic minority men : a survey experiment among local party leaders in Flanders,” in ECPR General Conference 2019, Proceedings, Wroclaw (Poland), 2019.
@inproceedings{8648920,
  abstract     = {The underrepresentation of ethnic minorities is gender-skewed as ethnic minority men are outnumbered by ethnic minority women in many contemporary Western-European democracies, both on the ballot lists and in parliaments. This gendered imbalance is often explained by the electoral threat ethnic minority men pose to white male incumbents and the stronger association with negative consequences of immigration (e.g., terrorism) in both party selectors’ and voters’ minds. However, little is known on how they are evaluated in terms of politically relevant qualities such as ideological position, competence and integrity as compared to majority aspirants. Such knowledge is crucial for a better understanding about which barriers impede ethnic minority men from being presented in politics. 
I have conducted one of the first attempts to fill this lacuna by setting up a survey experiment among Flemish local party chairs, being the most dominant actors in the local selection process. Each local party chair had to evaluate one majority and one minority male hypothetical aspirant which were randomly assigned a high or low socio-economic status (SES). The results point towards the presence of strong ideological ethnic stereotypes as ethnic minority aspirants are perceived as more leftist than their majority counterparts, regardless of their SES. Competence and integrity stereotypes are instead driven by aspirants’ SES, as aspirants with a high SES score higher on both dimensions, regardless of their ethnicity. Having a high SES also significantly increases the chances that an aspirant is nominated as a candidate, whereas ethnicity does not have a significant effect.},
  author       = {Van Trappen, Sigrid},
  booktitle    = {ECPR General Conference 2019, Proceedings},
  keywords     = {ethnic representation,political stereotypes,survey experiment,candidate selection},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Wroclaw (Poland)},
  pages        = {24},
  publisher    = {European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)},
  title        = {Political ethnic stereotypes and the underrepresentation of ethnic minority men : a survey experiment among local party leaders in Flanders},
  year         = {2019},
}