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Does learning influence the detection of signals in a response-inhibition task?

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Abstract
Learning can modulate various forms of action control, including response inhibition. People may learn associations between specific stimuli and the acts of going or stopping, influencing task performance. The present study tested whether people also learn associations between specific stimuli and features of the stop or no-go signal used in the task. Across two experiments, participants performed a response-inhibition task in which the contingencies between specific stimuli and the spatial locations of the ‘go’ and ‘withhold’ signals were manipulated. The contingencies between specific stimuli and either going or withholding were also manipulated, such that a subset of stimuli were associated with responding and another subset with withholding a response. Although there was clear evidence that participants learned to associate specific stimuli with the acts of going or withholding, there was no evidence that participants acquired the spatial signal-location associations. The absence of signal learning was supported by Bayesian analyses. These findings challenge our previous proposals that learning always influences signal-detection processes in response-inhibition tasks where features of the signal remain the same throughout the task.
Keywords
Cognitive Control, Attention, Executive functions, Learning

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Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Best, Maisy, and Frederick Verbruggen. “Does Learning Influence the Detection of Signals in a Response-Inhibition Task?” JOURNAL OF COGNITION, vol. 2, no. 1, 2019.
APA
Best, M., & Verbruggen, F. (2019). Does learning influence the detection of signals in a response-inhibition task? JOURNAL OF COGNITION, 2(1).
Chicago author-date
Best, Maisy, and Frederick Verbruggen. 2019. “Does Learning Influence the Detection of Signals in a Response-Inhibition Task?” JOURNAL OF COGNITION 2 (1).
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Best, Maisy, and Frederick Verbruggen. 2019. “Does Learning Influence the Detection of Signals in a Response-Inhibition Task?” JOURNAL OF COGNITION 2 (1).
Vancouver
1.
Best M, Verbruggen F. Does learning influence the detection of signals in a response-inhibition task? JOURNAL OF COGNITION. 2019;2(1).
IEEE
[1]
M. Best and F. Verbruggen, “Does learning influence the detection of signals in a response-inhibition task?,” JOURNAL OF COGNITION, vol. 2, no. 1, 2019.
@article{8647936,
  abstract     = {Learning can modulate various forms of action control, including response inhibition. People may learn associations between specific stimuli and the acts of going or stopping, influencing task performance. The present study tested whether people also learn associations between specific stimuli and features of the stop or no-go signal used in the task. Across two experiments, participants performed a response-inhibition task in which the contingencies between specific stimuli and the spatial locations of the ‘go’ and ‘withhold’ signals were manipulated. The contingencies between specific stimuli and either going or withholding were also manipulated, such that a subset of stimuli were associated with responding and another subset with withholding a response. Although there was clear evidence that participants learned to associate specific stimuli with the acts of going or withholding, there was no evidence that participants acquired the spatial signal-location associations. The absence of signal learning was supported by Bayesian analyses. These findings challenge our previous proposals that learning always influences signal-detection processes in response-inhibition tasks where features of the signal remain the same throughout the task.},
  articleno    = {19},
  author       = {Best, Maisy and Verbruggen, Frederick},
  issn         = {2514-4820},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF COGNITION},
  keywords     = {Cognitive Control,Attention,Executive functions,Learning},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {21},
  title        = {Does learning influence the detection of signals in a response-inhibition task?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/joc.73},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2019},
}

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