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Admission systems to dental school in Europe: a closer look at Flanders

Tine Buyse UGent, Filip Lievens UGent and Luc Martens UGent (2010) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION. 14(4). p.215-220
abstract
Dental education in Europe faces enormous challenges. One deals with the admission to dental school. Although admission procedures vary considerably across Europe, a characteristic of some systems is that the same procedure is used across students who will ultimately pursue different majors (medical or dental). This is based on the assumptions that there is no significant difference in these students' scores and that the requirements for medicine and dentistry are equal. This study examines these assumptions in the admission exam 'Medical and Dental Studies' in Flanders. Students who pass may choose whether they start medical or dental education. Over an 8-year period (2000-2007), admission exam scores of students starting medicine (n = 4492) were compared to those of students starting dentistry (n = 547). Second, the validity of this exam is examined for both medical and dental education. It was found that students starting dentistry had a significantly lower total score on the admission exam than students starting medicine. Differences were especially striking for the cognitive part of the admission exam. For both medical and dental students, the admission exam score was a valid predictor of academic grades in the first 3 years, although correlations were lower for dental education. These results have implications for admission procedures in countries where the same system is used for both majors. The findings that students who have a lower score choose dental education and that the validity of the exam is slightly lower for dentistry, raise questions about using the same admission exam for two obviously different majors.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
FRAMEWORK, EDUCATION, selection, PERFORMANCE, SITUATIONAL JUDGMENT TESTS, VALIDITY, medical and dental students, admission, SELECTION
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION
Eur. J. Dent. Educ.
volume
14
issue
4
pages
215 - 220
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000283072000004
JCR category
EDUCATION, SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINES
JCR impact factor
1.237 (2010)
JCR rank
15/32 (2010)
JCR quartile
2 (2010)
ISSN
1396-5883
DOI
10.1111/j.1600-0579.2009.00613.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
864722
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-864722
date created
2010-02-16 16:47:33
date last changed
2011-10-04 11:51:09
@article{864722,
  abstract     = {Dental education in Europe faces enormous challenges. One deals with the admission to dental school. Although admission procedures vary considerably across Europe, a characteristic of some systems is that the same procedure is used across students who will ultimately pursue different majors (medical or dental). This is based on the assumptions that there is no significant difference in these students' scores and that the requirements for medicine and dentistry are equal. This study examines these assumptions in the admission exam 'Medical and Dental Studies' in Flanders. Students who pass may choose whether they start medical or dental education. Over an 8-year period (2000-2007), admission exam scores of students starting medicine (n = 4492) were compared to those of students starting dentistry (n = 547). Second, the validity of this exam is examined for both medical and dental education. It was found that students starting dentistry had a significantly lower total score on the admission exam than students starting medicine. Differences were especially striking for the cognitive part of the admission exam. For both medical and dental students, the admission exam score was a valid predictor of academic grades in the first 3 years, although correlations were lower for dental education. These results have implications for admission procedures in countries where the same system is used for both majors. The findings that students who have a lower score choose dental education and that the validity of the exam is slightly lower for dentistry, raise questions about using the same admission exam for two obviously different majors.},
  author       = {Buyse, Tine and Lievens, Filip and Martens, Luc},
  issn         = {1396-5883},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION},
  keyword      = {FRAMEWORK,EDUCATION,selection,PERFORMANCE,SITUATIONAL JUDGMENT TESTS,VALIDITY,medical and dental students,admission,SELECTION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {215--220},
  title        = {Admission systems to dental school in Europe: a closer look at Flanders},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0579.2009.00613.x},
  volume       = {14},
  year         = {2010},
}

Chicago
Buyse, Tine, Filip Lievens, and Luc Martens. 2010. “Admission Systems to Dental School in Europe: a Closer Look at Flanders.” European Journal of Dental Education 14 (4): 215–220.
APA
Buyse, T., Lievens, F., & Martens, L. (2010). Admission systems to dental school in Europe: a closer look at Flanders. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION, 14(4), 215–220.
Vancouver
1.
Buyse T, Lievens F, Martens L. Admission systems to dental school in Europe: a closer look at Flanders. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION. 2010;14(4):215–20.
MLA
Buyse, Tine, Filip Lievens, and Luc Martens. “Admission Systems to Dental School in Europe: a Closer Look at Flanders.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DENTAL EDUCATION 14.4 (2010): 215–220. Print.