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Abstract
The Basidiomycota constitutes a major phylum of the kingdom Fungi and is second in species numbers to the Ascomycota. The present work provides an overview of all validly published, currently used basidiomycete genera to date in a single document. An outline of all genera of Basidiomycota is provided, which includes 1928 currently used genera names, with 1263 synonyms, which are distributed in 241 families, 68 orders, 18 classes and four subphyla. We provide brief notes for each accepted genus including information on classification, number of accepted species, type species, life mode, habitat, distribution, and sequence information. Furthermore, three phylogenetic analyses with combined LSU, SSU, 5.8s, rpb1, rpb2, and ef1 datasets for the subphyla Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina and Ustilaginomycotina are conducted, respectively. Divergence time estimates are provided to the family level with 632 species from 62 orders, 168 families and 605 genera. Our study indicates that the divergence times of the subphyla in Basidiomycota are 406–430 Mya, classes are 211–383 Mya, and orders are 99–323 Mya, which are largely consistent with previous studies. In this study, all phylogenetically supported families were dated, with the families of Agaricomycotina diverging from 27–178 Mya, Pucciniomycotina from 85–222 Mya, and Ustilaginomycotina from 79–177 Mya. Divergence times as additional criterion in ranking provide additional evidence to resolve taxonomic problems in the Basidiomycota taxonomic system, and also provide a better understanding of their phylogeny and evolution.
Keywords
Classification, Molecular clock, Fungi, Systematics, Taxonomy, SP-NOV BASIDIOMYCOTA, WHITE-ROT FUNGUS, ATLANTIC RAIN-FOREST, NEW-SOUTH-WALES, WOOD-INHABITING FUNGI, SAO-PAULO STATE, MARASMIUS SECTION GLOBULARES, GENUS ENTOLOMA BASIDIOMYCOTA, INTERNAL TRANSCRIBED SPACER, MUSHROOM-FORMING FUNGI

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MLA
He, Mao-Qiang, et al. “Notes, Outline and Divergence Times of Basidiomycota.” FUNGAL DIVERSITY, vol. 99, no. 1, 2019, pp. 105–367.
APA
He, M.-Q., Zhao, R.-L., Hyde, K. D., Begerow, D., Kemler, M., Yurkov, A., … Kirk, P. M. (2019). Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota. FUNGAL DIVERSITY, 99(1), 105–367.
Chicago author-date
He, Mao-Qiang, Rui-Lin Zhao, Kevin D Hyde, Dominik Begerow, Martin Kemler, Andrey Yurkov, Eric HC McKenzie, et al. 2019. “Notes, Outline and Divergence Times of Basidiomycota.” FUNGAL DIVERSITY 99 (1): 105–367.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
He, Mao-Qiang, Rui-Lin Zhao, Kevin D Hyde, Dominik Begerow, Martin Kemler, Andrey Yurkov, Eric HC McKenzie, Olivier Raspé, Makoto Kakishima, Santiago Sánchez-Ramírez, Else C Vellinga, Roy Halling, Viktor Papp, Ivan V Zmitrovich, Bart Buyck, Damien Ertz, Nalin N Wijayawardene, Bao-Kai Cui, Nathan Schoutteten, Xin-Zhan Liu, Tai-Hui Li, Yi-Jian Yao, Xin-Yu Zhu, An-Qi Liu, Guo-Jie Li, Ming-Zhe Zhang, Zhi-Lin Ling, Bin Cao, Vladimír Antonín, Teun Boekhout, Bianca Denise Barbosa da Silva, Eske De Crop, Cony Decock, Bálint Dima, Arun Kumar Dutta, Jack W Fell, József Geml, Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad, Admir J Giachini, Tatiana B Gibertoni, Sergio P Gorjón, Danny Haelewaters, Shuang-Hui He, Brendan P Hodkinson, Egon Horak, Tamotsu Hoshino, Alfredo Justo, Young Woon Lim, Nelson Menolli, Armin Mešić, Jean-Marc Moncalvo, Gregory M Mueller, László G Nagy, R Henrik Nilsson, Machiel Noordeloos, Jorinde Nuytinck, Takamichi Orihara, Cheewangkoon Ratchadawan, Mario Rajchenberg, Alexandre GS Silva-Filho, Marcelo Aloisio Sulzbacher, Zdenko Tkalčec, Ricardo Valenzuela, Annemieke Verbeken, Alfredo Vizzini, Felipe Wartchow, Tie-Zheng Wei, Michael Weiß, Chang-Lin Zhao, and Paul M Kirk. 2019. “Notes, Outline and Divergence Times of Basidiomycota.” FUNGAL DIVERSITY 99 (1): 105–367.
Vancouver
1.
He M-Q, Zhao R-L, Hyde KD, Begerow D, Kemler M, Yurkov A, et al. Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota. FUNGAL DIVERSITY. 2019;99(1):105–367.
IEEE
[1]
M.-Q. He et al., “Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota,” FUNGAL DIVERSITY, vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 105–367, 2019.
@article{8646476,
  abstract     = {The Basidiomycota constitutes a major phylum of the kingdom Fungi and is second in species numbers to the Ascomycota. The present work provides an overview of all validly published, currently used basidiomycete genera to date in a single document. An outline of all genera of Basidiomycota is provided, which includes 1928 currently used genera names, with 1263 synonyms, which are distributed in 241 families, 68 orders, 18 classes and four subphyla. We provide brief notes for each accepted genus including information on classification, number of accepted species, type species, life mode, habitat, distribution, and sequence information. Furthermore, three phylogenetic analyses with combined LSU, SSU, 5.8s, rpb1, rpb2, and ef1 datasets for the subphyla Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina and Ustilaginomycotina are conducted, respectively. Divergence time estimates are provided to the family level with 632 species from 62 orders, 168 families and 605 genera. Our study indicates that the divergence times of the subphyla in Basidiomycota are 406–430 Mya, classes are 211–383 Mya, and orders are 99–323 Mya, which are largely consistent with previous studies. In this study, all phylogenetically supported families were dated, with the families of Agaricomycotina diverging from 27–178 Mya, Pucciniomycotina from 85–222 Mya, and Ustilaginomycotina from 79–177 Mya. Divergence times as additional criterion in ranking provide additional evidence to resolve taxonomic problems in the Basidiomycota taxonomic system, and also provide a better understanding of their phylogeny and evolution.},
  author       = {He, Mao-Qiang and Zhao, Rui-Lin and Hyde, Kevin D and Begerow, Dominik and Kemler, Martin and Yurkov, Andrey and McKenzie, Eric HC and Raspé, Olivier and Kakishima, Makoto and Sánchez-Ramírez, Santiago and Vellinga, Else C and Halling, Roy and Papp, Viktor and Zmitrovich, Ivan V and Buyck, Bart and Ertz, Damien and Wijayawardene, Nalin N and Cui, Bao-Kai and Schoutteten, Nathan and Liu, Xin-Zhan and Li, Tai-Hui and Yao, Yi-Jian and Zhu, Xin-Yu and Liu, An-Qi and Li, Guo-Jie and Zhang, Ming-Zhe and Ling, Zhi-Lin and Cao, Bin and Antonín, Vladimír and Boekhout, Teun and da Silva, Bianca Denise Barbosa and De Crop, Eske and Decock, Cony and Dima, Bálint and Dutta, Arun Kumar and Fell, Jack W and Geml, József and Ghobad-Nejhad, Masoomeh and Giachini, Admir J and Gibertoni, Tatiana B and Gorjón, Sergio P and Haelewaters, Danny and He, Shuang-Hui and Hodkinson, Brendan P and Horak, Egon and Hoshino, Tamotsu and Justo, Alfredo and Lim, Young Woon and Menolli, Nelson and Mešić, Armin and Moncalvo, Jean-Marc and Mueller, Gregory M and Nagy, László G and Nilsson, R Henrik and Noordeloos, Machiel and Nuytinck, Jorinde and Orihara, Takamichi and Ratchadawan, Cheewangkoon and Rajchenberg, Mario and Silva-Filho, Alexandre GS and Sulzbacher, Marcelo Aloisio and Tkalčec, Zdenko and Valenzuela, Ricardo and Verbeken, Annemieke and Vizzini, Alfredo and Wartchow, Felipe and Wei, Tie-Zheng and Weiß, Michael and Zhao, Chang-Lin and Kirk, Paul M},
  issn         = {1560-2745},
  journal      = {FUNGAL DIVERSITY},
  keywords     = {Classification,Molecular clock,Fungi,Systematics,Taxonomy,SP-NOV BASIDIOMYCOTA,WHITE-ROT FUNGUS,ATLANTIC RAIN-FOREST,NEW-SOUTH-WALES,WOOD-INHABITING FUNGI,SAO-PAULO STATE,MARASMIUS SECTION GLOBULARES,GENUS ENTOLOMA BASIDIOMYCOTA,INTERNAL TRANSCRIBED SPACER,MUSHROOM-FORMING FUNGI},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {105--367},
  title        = {Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13225-019-00435-4},
  volume       = {99},
  year         = {2019},
}

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