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A successful strategy for start‐up of a laboratory‐scale UASB reactor treating sulfate‐rich sugar cane vinasse

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Abstract
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present research was to provide a strategy for the start-up of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors treating sugar cane vinasse, with emphasis on the relevant sulfur compounds along the reactor height. To this end, a laboratory-scale UASB reactor was started up and its performance under the applied conditions was studied. RESULTS: Biomass was able to assimilate organic loading rates from 3 to 10 kg chemical oxygen demand (COD) mR−3 d−1, reducing VFAs accumulation, while increasing biogas production rate (BPR) from 0.92 to 4.12 m3 mR−3 d−1. The COD and sulfate (SO42−) were mainly removed in the reactor bed, showing homogenous distribution in the blanket and settler zones. However, from bottom to top of the reactor, a slight decrease of total and free sulfide concentrations was observed, indicating that the sludge bed in the UASB reactor was exposed to H2S concentrations higher than those measured in the reactor effluent. CONCLUSIONS: During 54 days, the development of macroscopic granules, the COD removal efficiency, the BPR and the CH4 content proved good indicators to monitor the start-up period. Further research will be needed for strategy validation in pilot and full-scale UASB reactors treating vinasse.
Keywords
reactor profiles, start-up, sulfur, UASB reactor, vinasse, UPFLOW ANAEROBIC SLUDGE, DIGESTION, PERFORMANCE, REDUCTION, OPTIMIZATION, STILLAGE, WASTE

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MLA
Barrera, Ernesto L., et al. “A Successful Strategy for Start‐up of a Laboratory‐scale UASB Reactor Treating Sulfate‐rich Sugar Cane Vinasse.” JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol. 95, no. 1, 2020, pp. 205–12.
APA
Barrera, E. L., Spanjers, H., Romero, O., Rosa, E., & Dewulf, J. (2020). A successful strategy for start‐up of a laboratory‐scale UASB reactor treating sulfate‐rich sugar cane vinasse. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, 95(1), 205–212.
Chicago author-date
Barrera, Ernesto L, Henri Spanjers, Osvaldo Romero, Elena Rosa, and Jo Dewulf. 2020. “A Successful Strategy for Start‐up of a Laboratory‐scale UASB Reactor Treating Sulfate‐rich Sugar Cane Vinasse.” JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY 95 (1): 205–12.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Barrera, Ernesto L, Henri Spanjers, Osvaldo Romero, Elena Rosa, and Jo Dewulf. 2020. “A Successful Strategy for Start‐up of a Laboratory‐scale UASB Reactor Treating Sulfate‐rich Sugar Cane Vinasse.” JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY 95 (1): 205–212.
Vancouver
1.
Barrera EL, Spanjers H, Romero O, Rosa E, Dewulf J. A successful strategy for start‐up of a laboratory‐scale UASB reactor treating sulfate‐rich sugar cane vinasse. JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY. 2020;95(1):205–12.
IEEE
[1]
E. L. Barrera, H. Spanjers, O. Romero, E. Rosa, and J. Dewulf, “A successful strategy for start‐up of a laboratory‐scale UASB reactor treating sulfate‐rich sugar cane vinasse,” JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 205–212, 2020.
@article{8645435,
  abstract     = {BACKGROUND: The aim of the present research was to provide a strategy for the start-up of upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors treating sugar cane vinasse, with emphasis on the relevant sulfur compounds along the reactor height. To this end, a laboratory-scale UASB reactor was started up and its performance under the applied conditions was studied.
RESULTS: Biomass was able to assimilate organic loading rates from 3 to 10 kg chemical oxygen demand (COD) mR−3 d−1, reducing VFAs accumulation, while increasing biogas production rate (BPR) from 0.92 to 4.12 m3 mR−3 d−1. The COD and sulfate (SO42−) were mainly removed in the reactor bed, showing homogenous distribution in the blanket and settler zones. However, from bottom to top of the reactor, a slight decrease of total and free sulfide concentrations was observed, indicating that the sludge bed in the UASB reactor was exposed to H2S concentrations higher than those measured in the reactor effluent.
CONCLUSIONS: During 54 days, the development of macroscopic granules, the COD removal efficiency, the BPR and the CH4 content proved good indicators to monitor the start-up period. Further research will be needed for strategy validation in pilot and full-scale UASB reactors treating vinasse.},
  author       = {Barrera, Ernesto L and Spanjers, Henri and Romero, Osvaldo and Rosa, Elena and Dewulf, Jo},
  issn         = {0268-2575},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keywords     = {reactor profiles,start-up,sulfur,UASB reactor,vinasse,UPFLOW ANAEROBIC SLUDGE,DIGESTION,PERFORMANCE,REDUCTION,OPTIMIZATION,STILLAGE,WASTE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {205--212},
  title        = {A successful strategy for start‐up of a laboratory‐scale UASB reactor treating sulfate‐rich sugar cane vinasse},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jctb.6222},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {2020},
}

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