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A tripartite survey of hyperparasitic fungi associated with ectoparasitic flies on bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a neotropical cloud forest in Panama

(2018) PARASITE. 25.
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Abstract
The Darién province in eastern Panama is one of the most unexplored and biodiverse regions in the world. The Chucantí Nature Reserve, in Serranía de Majé, consists of a diverse tropical cloud forest ecosystem. The aim of this research was to explore and study host associations of a tripartite system of bats, ectoparasitic flies on bats (Diptera, Streblidae), and ectoparasitic fungi (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniales) that use bat flies as hosts. We captured bats at Chucantí, screened each bat for presence of bat flies, and screened collected bat flies for presence of Laboulbeniales. We mistnetted for 68 mistnet hours and captured 227 bats representing 17 species. We captured Micronycteris schmidtorum, a species previously unreported in Darién. In addition, we encountered the rarely collected Platyrrhinus dorsalis, representing the westernmost report for this species. Of all captured bats, 148 carried bat flies (65%). The number of sampled bat flies was 437, representing 16 species. One species represents a new country record (Trichobius anducei) and five species represent first reports for Darién (Basilia anceps, Anatrichobius scorzai, Nycterophilia parnelli, T. johnsonae, T. parasiticus). All 74 bat fly species currently reported in Panama are presented in tabulated form. Of all screened bat flies, 30 bore Laboulbeniales fungi (7%). Based on both morphology and large ribosomal subunit (LSU) sequence data, we delimited 7 species of Laboulbeniales: Gloeandromyces nycteribiidarum (newly reported for Panama), G. pageanus, G. streblae, Nycteromyces streblidinus, and 3 undescribed species. Of the 30 infected flies, 21 were Trichobius joblingi. This species was the only host on which we observed double infections of Laboulbeniales.
Keywords
Bat flies, Diptera, Ectoparasites, Hyperparasites, Laboulbeniales, Sequence-based identification of fungi, TROPICAL FOREST, FRUGIVOROUS BATS, ULTRASONIC DETECTORS, PHYLLOSTOMID BATS, HOST-SPECIFICITY, BATFLIES DIPTERA, STREBLIDAE, SECONDARY, LABOULBENIALES, NYCTERIBIIDAE

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Citation

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MLA
Walker, Melissa J., et al. “A Tripartite Survey of Hyperparasitic Fungi Associated with Ectoparasitic Flies on Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a Neotropical Cloud Forest in Panama.” PARASITE, vol. 25, 2018.
APA
Walker, M. J., Dorrestein, A., Camacho, J. J., Meckler, L. A., Silas, K. A., Hiller, T., & Haelewaters, D. (2018). A tripartite survey of hyperparasitic fungi associated with ectoparasitic flies on bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a neotropical cloud forest in Panama. PARASITE, 25.
Chicago author-date
Walker, Melissa J, Annabel Dorrestein, Jasmin J Camacho, Lauren A Meckler, Kirk A Silas, Thomas Hiller, and Danny Haelewaters. 2018. “A Tripartite Survey of Hyperparasitic Fungi Associated with Ectoparasitic Flies on Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a Neotropical Cloud Forest in Panama.” PARASITE 25.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Walker, Melissa J, Annabel Dorrestein, Jasmin J Camacho, Lauren A Meckler, Kirk A Silas, Thomas Hiller, and Danny Haelewaters. 2018. “A Tripartite Survey of Hyperparasitic Fungi Associated with Ectoparasitic Flies on Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a Neotropical Cloud Forest in Panama.” PARASITE 25.
Vancouver
1.
Walker MJ, Dorrestein A, Camacho JJ, Meckler LA, Silas KA, Hiller T, et al. A tripartite survey of hyperparasitic fungi associated with ectoparasitic flies on bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a neotropical cloud forest in Panama. PARASITE. 2018;25.
IEEE
[1]
M. J. Walker et al., “A tripartite survey of hyperparasitic fungi associated with ectoparasitic flies on bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a neotropical cloud forest in Panama,” PARASITE, vol. 25, 2018.
@article{8643944,
  abstract     = {The Darién province in eastern Panama is one of the most unexplored and biodiverse regions in the world. The Chucantí Nature Reserve, in Serranía de Majé, consists of a diverse tropical cloud forest ecosystem. The aim of this research was to explore and study host associations of a tripartite system of bats, ectoparasitic flies on bats (Diptera, Streblidae), and ectoparasitic fungi (Ascomycota, Laboulbeniales) that use bat flies as hosts. We captured bats at Chucantí, screened each bat for presence of bat flies, and screened collected bat flies for presence of Laboulbeniales. We mistnetted for 68 mistnet hours and captured 227 bats representing 17 species. We captured Micronycteris schmidtorum, a species previously unreported in Darién. In addition, we encountered the rarely collected Platyrrhinus dorsalis, representing the westernmost report for this species. Of all captured bats, 148 carried bat flies (65%). The number of sampled bat flies was 437, representing 16 species. One species represents a new country record (Trichobius anducei) and five species represent first reports for Darién (Basilia anceps, Anatrichobius scorzai, Nycterophilia parnelli, T. johnsonae, T. parasiticus). All 74 bat fly species currently reported in Panama are presented in tabulated form. Of all screened bat flies, 30 bore Laboulbeniales fungi (7%). Based on both morphology and large ribosomal subunit (LSU) sequence data, we delimited 7 species of Laboulbeniales: Gloeandromyces nycteribiidarum (newly reported for Panama), G. pageanus, G. streblae, Nycteromyces streblidinus, and 3 undescribed species. Of the 30 infected flies, 21 were Trichobius joblingi. This species was the only host on which we observed double infections of Laboulbeniales.},
  articleno    = {19},
  author       = {Walker, Melissa J and Dorrestein, Annabel and Camacho, Jasmin J and Meckler, Lauren A and Silas, Kirk A and Hiller, Thomas and Haelewaters, Danny},
  issn         = {1252-607X},
  journal      = {PARASITE},
  keywords     = {Bat flies,Diptera,Ectoparasites,Hyperparasites,Laboulbeniales,Sequence-based identification of fungi,TROPICAL FOREST,FRUGIVOROUS BATS,ULTRASONIC DETECTORS,PHYLLOSTOMID BATS,HOST-SPECIFICITY,BATFLIES DIPTERA,STREBLIDAE,SECONDARY,LABOULBENIALES,NYCTERIBIIDAE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {21},
  title        = {A tripartite survey of hyperparasitic fungi associated with ectoparasitic flies on bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) in a neotropical cloud forest in Panama},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2018017},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2018},
}

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