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An experiment on the impact of coaches’ and athlete leaders’ competence support on athletes’ motivation and performance

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Abstract
Purpose Methods Grounded in the Cognitive Evaluation Theory, the present experiment aimed to compare the relative impact of competence support provided by coaches versus athlete leaders on players' competence satisfaction, intrinsic motivation, and performance. We recruited 18 existing competitive male basketball teams (ie, 126 players) to participate in the experiment. Each team was randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (a) the coach provided competence support (ie, by encouraging, providing positive feedback, and expressing team confidence); (b) the athlete leader provided competence support; or (c) neither the coach, nor the athlete leader provided competence support (ie, control condition). Results Conclusion Teams in which the athlete leader provided competence support reported higher levels of competence satisfaction and intrinsic motivation than teams in the control condition, a difference that did not emerge when the coach provided competence support. Furthermore, teams in which either the coach or the athlete leader supported team members' competence performed better compared to teams in the control group. Our findings highlight the importance of providing competence support to enhance team performance. Given athlete leaders' unique impact on teammates' competence satisfaction and motivation, instructing athlete leaders how to provide competence support constitutes an important motivational pathway for coaches to optimize team functioning.
Keywords
SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY, ACADEMIC INTRINSIC MOTIVATION, TEAM IDENTIFICATION, AUTONOMY SUPPORT, FEEDBACK, SPORT, PEER, TEACHER, PERCEPTIONS, ELEMENTARY, competence satisfaction, peer leaders, self-determination theory, shared leadership, team captain, team performance

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MLA
Mertens, Niels, et al. “An Experiment on the Impact of Coaches’ and Athlete Leaders’ Competence Support on Athletes’ Motivation and Performance.” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS, vol. 28, no. 12, 2018, pp. 2734–50.
APA
Mertens, N., Boen, F., Vande Broek, G., Vansteenkiste, M., & Fransen, K. (2018). An experiment on the impact of coaches’ and athlete leaders’ competence support on athletes’ motivation and performance. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS, 28(12), 2734–2750.
Chicago author-date
Mertens, Niels, Filip Boen, Gert Vande Broek, Maarten Vansteenkiste, and Katrien Fransen. 2018. “An Experiment on the Impact of Coaches’ and Athlete Leaders’ Competence Support on Athletes’ Motivation and Performance.” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS 28 (12): 2734–50.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Mertens, Niels, Filip Boen, Gert Vande Broek, Maarten Vansteenkiste, and Katrien Fransen. 2018. “An Experiment on the Impact of Coaches’ and Athlete Leaders’ Competence Support on Athletes’ Motivation and Performance.” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS 28 (12): 2734–2750.
Vancouver
1.
Mertens N, Boen F, Vande Broek G, Vansteenkiste M, Fransen K. An experiment on the impact of coaches’ and athlete leaders’ competence support on athletes’ motivation and performance. SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS. 2018;28(12):2734–50.
IEEE
[1]
N. Mertens, F. Boen, G. Vande Broek, M. Vansteenkiste, and K. Fransen, “An experiment on the impact of coaches’ and athlete leaders’ competence support on athletes’ motivation and performance,” SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 2734–2750, 2018.
@article{8643530,
  abstract     = {{Purpose Methods Grounded in the Cognitive Evaluation Theory, the present experiment aimed to compare the relative impact of competence support provided by coaches versus athlete leaders on players' competence satisfaction, intrinsic motivation, and performance. We recruited 18 existing competitive male basketball teams (ie, 126 players) to participate in the experiment. Each team was randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (a) the coach provided competence support (ie, by encouraging, providing positive feedback, and expressing team confidence); (b) the athlete leader provided competence support; or (c) neither the coach, nor the athlete leader provided competence support (ie, control condition). Results Conclusion Teams in which the athlete leader provided competence support reported higher levels of competence satisfaction and intrinsic motivation than teams in the control condition, a difference that did not emerge when the coach provided competence support. Furthermore, teams in which either the coach or the athlete leader supported team members' competence performed better compared to teams in the control group. Our findings highlight the importance of providing competence support to enhance team performance. Given athlete leaders' unique impact on teammates' competence satisfaction and motivation, instructing athlete leaders how to provide competence support constitutes an important motivational pathway for coaches to optimize team functioning.}},
  author       = {{Mertens, Niels and Boen, Filip and Vande Broek, Gert and Vansteenkiste, Maarten and Fransen, Katrien}},
  issn         = {{0905-7188}},
  journal      = {{SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE & SCIENCE IN SPORTS}},
  keywords     = {{SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY,ACADEMIC INTRINSIC MOTIVATION,TEAM IDENTIFICATION,AUTONOMY SUPPORT,FEEDBACK,SPORT,PEER,TEACHER,PERCEPTIONS,ELEMENTARY,competence satisfaction,peer leaders,self-determination theory,shared leadership,team captain,team performance}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{12}},
  pages        = {{2734--2750}},
  title        = {{An experiment on the impact of coaches’ and athlete leaders’ competence support on athletes’ motivation and performance}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sms.13273}},
  volume       = {{28}},
  year         = {{2018}},
}

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